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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 28, 1937

    Concerning Song Ziwen's Travel

    The Politburo recommends that the governor of Xinjiang permit Song Ziwen to travel to Urumqi.

  • May 04, 1943

    Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes No. 40 of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings

    The CPSU Central Committee announces that it "cannot tolerate such provocative activity" of Xinjiang Governor Sheng Shicai and that it will provide support to rebels "in their struggle against the repressive colonialist policy of the Governor."

  • 1944

    The Truth about the Events in Xinjiang

    An anonymous report on Soviet-Guomindang relations in Xinjiang, and political developments in Xinjiang since 1933.

  • March 23, 1944

    Letter No. 93 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King

    L.D. Wilgress and the Chinese Ambassador to Moscow, Fu Bingchang (Foo Ping-sheung), discuss Soviet movements in Xinjiang.

  • April 03, 1944

    Cyper No. 105 the Canadian Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, Ottawa

    The Canadian Ambassador in Moscow reports, on the basis of Soviet newspapers, that turmoil is ongoing along the Xinjiang-Mongolia border.

  • May 31, 1944

    Letter No. 180 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King

    Fu Bingchang (Foo Ping-sheung) relays his views on relations among the Great Powers, Soviet involvement in Xinjiang, and the rifts between the Nationalists and Communists within China.

  • June 05, 1944

    Record of Conversation with Cde. Lin Zuhan, Chairman of the Special Region

    Godunov reports on Lin Zuhan's comments on relations between the Guomindang the Chinese Commuinist Party, the situation in Chongqing, and recent developments in Xinjiang.

  • September 30, 1944

    Letter No. 340 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King

  • October 25, 1944

    Letter No. 373 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King

  • November 25, 1944

    Letter No. 425 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King

  • April 17, 1945

    Special Report from General-Major Yegnarov to USSR People’s Commissar of Internal Affairs, General Commissar of State Security, Cde. L.P. Beria

    General Yegnarov reports on the Ili rebel army's capture of 220 Chinese troops and their cache of weapons in Torgustay and a subsequent rebel seizure of Chinese weapons in Takiantsan.

  • April 22, 1945

    Letter from Alihan Tore to Commander-in-Chief Marshal Stalin

    Shakirjan praises Stalin and the Soviet Union, emphasizing that the Ili rebels' victory over the Chinese government is contingent on the continued receipt of Soviet aid.

  • April 29, 1945

    Report from L. Beria and A. Vyshinsky to Cde. I.V. Stalin

    Beria and Vyshinsky summarize the prevailing conditions in the Ili District of Xinjiang, describing the equipment and foodstuffs seized by the rebels, the extent of Chinese army losses, and the provisional government headed by Alihan Tore Shakirjan. Urging Stalin to support the Ili Muslims' liberation movement, they offer suggestions for future actions in support of the rebel army.

  • May, 1945

    Continuation of the Report of the Xinjiang GMD Committee to the 6th GMD Congress: A Description of the Work Being Done

    The Xinjiang Committee of the Guomindang offers a report on political, economic, military, and social developments in Xinjiang.

  • May 11, 1945

    Letter from L. Beria to Cde. I.V. Stalin

    Molotov reports that he is sending Stalin a letter from Alihan Tore Shakirjan, the Chairman of the Provisional Government of East Turkestan.

  • June 02, 1945

    Letter from L. Beria to Cde. I.V. Stalin of the State Defense Committee and Cde. V.M. Molotov of the Council of People's Commissars

    Beria describes a meeting between NKVD Lt. Col. Prokopyuk and Shakirjan at which Shakirjan suggested renewing active rebel operations, emphasizing that the lack of combat is beginning to demoralize the Muslim population.

  • June 22, 1945

    Exceprt on Xinjiang from Minutes No. 46 of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings

    The CPSU Central Committee announces various measures to support the rebels in Ili, Xinjiang, and the East Turkestan Republic (ETR).

  • July, 1945

    Telegram from Cde. Yegnarov for Cde. Beria

    Cde. Yegnarov reports on his meeting with "Sadyk," noting his persistent requests to begin military operations against the Chinese and for "Sadyk" to lead the operation against the Chinese in the South of Xinjiang. Yegnarov also describes military maneuvers in the Ili District and requests permission to transfer Red Army detachments in order to liberate the Tarbaghatai District.

  • July 03, 1945

    Report from L. Beria to I.V. Stalin of the State Defense Committee and V.M. Molotov of the Council of People's Commissars

    Beria reports on a Chinese offensive against the Dungan rebel battalion in the Ili District of Xinjiang, noting the Chinese and rebel losses.

  • July 11, 1945

    Telegram from L. Beria to the Cde. Stalin of the State Defense Committee and Cde. Molotov of the Council of People's Commissars

    Beria reports that, in June 1945, Chinese aircraft conducted reconnaissance and bombed Ili rebel positions in the region of Yun-Dzhikho.