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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January, 1972

    Interchurch Peace Council (IKV) Internal Paper, 'The Power of Europe'

    This document provides an extensive analysis and critique of the balance of nuclear deterrence. Analysis includes objections to the balance of nuclear deterrence theory. This marks the first time that the IKV ever articulated such objections.

  • January, 1972

    Interchurch Peace Council (IKV) Internal Paper

    This is an IKV internal paper recollects the founding of the IKV in 1966. In addition, this document outlines the official mandate from the churches, its tasks and goals, as well as the Peace Weeks to be organized on an annual basis. Each Peace Week was to provide a new thematic accent concerning certain political or social issues prevalent to the IKV agenda.

  • April 17, 1974

    Report of the Interchurch Peace Council (IKV) Meeting of Wednesday, 10 April in Keistraat 9, Utrecht

    This documents provides a report of the meeting of the council, giving a clear view internal structures, relations and tensions within the IKV, specifically those between the local branches and the national umbrella organization, between the IKV and the churches and those between the main participants within the council.

  • June 24, 1975

    Interchurch Peace Council (IKV) Commentary, 'A Disappointing Paper'

    Philip E. Everts expresses disappointment and criticism over the Dutch government's memorandum on disarmament and security.

  • November 12, 1975

    Interchurch Peace Council (IKV), Report of the Meeting of 12 November 1975

    Meeting minutes showing the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Defense's respective interests in the IKV and Pax Christi's "small-steps-theory," a theory on gradual disarmament through a series of small unilateral steps. Includes discussion concerning a proposal to form a study group of both interested civil servants and peace activists to formulate an alternative policy.

  • June 09, 1976

    Letter from A.J. Meerburg to Mient Jan Faber of the Interchurch Peace Council

    Diplomat A.J. Meerburg writes to activist Mient Jan Faber about nuclear proliferation and disarmament issues, illustrating the amiable relations that developed between social activists and national security professionals and activists in the Netherlands.

  • December 02, 1976

    Interchurch Peace Council (IKV), 'IKV Standpoint 1977: A First Attempt at an Outline'

    This "first attempt at an outline" is the start of a process to compose a new, general vision for the IKV, first one after the Sta of 1972. Important themes other than the nuclear arms race include development cooperation and human rights.

  • December 05, 1976

    Interchurch Peace Council (IKV), 'Long Term Plans: An Attempt at Structuring'

    This document, prepared by IKV Secretary Mient Jan Faber, offers an overview of the work of the IKV shortly before most attention would be directed to launching the anti-nuclear campaign during the 1977 Peace Week. The council is preparing a wide range of activities for 1977, including the formulation of a new Standpoint.

  • March 18, 1977

    Letter from Mient Jan Faber to Peter Boskma of the Technical University of Twente

    In this letter, Faber asks Boskma to write a pamphlet for the Interchurch Peace Council (IKV) about nuclear weapons and to help think about IKV’s strategy against these weapons for an upcoming campaign. Even though direct action is the new and primary strategy for the campaign, writing publications is identified by IKV president Ter Veer as "one of the most important tasks of the peace movement."

  • June, 1977

    Interchurch Peace Council (IKV), 'IKV Messages 1976/1977 - No. 4'

    This information paper announces the IKV's plans for the 1977 Peace Week campaign.The campaign is centered around three points: to "help rid the world of nuclear weapons," not just the Netherlands; to make a concrete contribution by having the Netherlands nuclear weapons free in at least 10 years; and to mobilize from the bottom up, and making sure that "ordinary" people in churches, in the local branches of political parties, in the labor unions, etc., take a stance regarding nuclear weapons.

  • November 23, 1977

    Interchurch Peace Council (IKV), Report of the IKV Meeting of 23 November 1977

    In this meeting, The IKV responds to NATO discussions about a possible introduction of the 'N-bomb' [neutron bomb]. The neutron bomb would will probably be introduced; however the IKV needs to do all that it can to prevent its arrival.

  • March 08, 1978

    Interchurch Peace Council (IKV), 'Concept Peace Week and Peace Paper 1977'

    This concept paper marks a shift toward a major anti-nuclear campaign for the IKV, planned to be launched during the Peace Week later in 1977. The Paper voices the need for unilateral action on the behalf of the Netherlands, and that the IKV will demand "the openly announced removal of all nuclear weapons from Dutch soil."