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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 20, 1957

    Note on the Control System and the Powers of the Commission on Export and Ownership of Fissile Materials

    This note dicusses control mechanisms of Euratom, concluding that sufficiently large powers are given to the Commission to ensure effective control.

  • March 13, 1957

    Message from EURATOM delivered by Alfred Iddles, President of the Atomic Industrial Forum, at the 1957 Nuclear Congress Banquet

    This address at the 1957 Nuclear Congress Banquet describes the success of the latest efforts in Europe to reach a comprehensive agreement on atomic energy with the United States.

  • May 07, 1957

    Press Conference on 7 May 1957 by Louis Armand, 'A Target for Euratom'

    This press conference given by Louis Armand, future first president of Euratom, details a report advocating the creation of an industrial substrate capable of producing by the end of the century abundant energy so that Europe may regain its independence and rethink its economy.

  • January, 1958

    Memorandum by Robert Schaetzel to Max Kohnstamm, 'Points to be Presented to Euratom Commission'

    This memo to Max Kohnstamm includes several points pertaining to the United States' anticipated comprehensive agreement with Euratom to be presented to the Commission.

  • April, 1958

    Note on Control by the Joint US-Euratom Working Party

    This memo details security controls established under the Euratom Treaty to guarantee that nuclear materials are not diverted for purposed other than those for which they are intended.

  • May, 1958

    Draft Memorandum of Understanding between the European Atomic Energy Commission and the Government of the United States of America

    This first joint draft memorandum outlining a program of cooperation between the United States and the European Atomic Energy Commission in the construction and installation of large scale prototype power-reactors.

  • February 25, 1959

    Information Note by Theodor Vogelaar of Legal Services of European Executive, 'Defining the Scope of the Euratom Treaty - Peaceful and Military'

    This information note to the members of the Commission lays out the peaceful and military limits to the scope of the Euratom Treaty.

  • June, 1959

    Notes by Mr. Mercereau During a Visit to the United States

    The notes discuss meetings which took place with the American media, politicians, industrialists, and trade unions and reactions to the possibility of a grand agreement between Euratom and the United States.

  • March 08, 1960

    Note by Legal Services Commission on Bilateral Relations with the United States

    This note details different stages of internation cooperation in the field of nuclear energy. After the Second World War, the field of nuclear energy was characterized by American hegemony and the desire to preserve their lead for security reasons and national defense. However, in 1951 this began to change and some exportation of equipment, raw materials, and classified information was allowed between the United States and foreign countries.

  • February 27, 1967

    Note by the Euratom Commission, 'Construction of an Eventual Isotopic Separation Plant'

    This note from the Euratom Commision details the possible construction of an isotope separation plant in the European Community.

  • October 05, 1967

    Aide-Memoire to Commissioner Martino by Robert Schaetzel, 'Article III of the Non-Proliferation Treaty'

    This memorandum to Commissioner Martino from Ambassador Schaetzel accepts the Soviet Draft Article III as he believes it will permit non-nuclear Euratom countries to negotiate collectively with the IAEA and permit a satisfactory verification concept.

  • November 03, 1979

    Memorandum by C.U.D., 'Observations on Our Differences with the West Europeans Over Non-Proliferation'

    The memorandum describes a difference between President Carter and the West Europeans over their commitment to limiting reprocessing and plutonium supplies for R&D work on breeder reactors.

  • June 18, 1980

    Memorandum, Zbigniew Brzezinski to the Secretary of State, 'Post-INFCE Explorations by Jerry Smith,' with attached memorandum by Warren Christopher to the President, 'Post-INFCE Explorations'

    The memorandum contains Cristopher's analysis of advantages and risks to Ambassador Smith's proceeding with post-INFCE explorations.