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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 13, 1946

    Decree of the USSR Council of Ministers, 'Questions of Reactive Weaponry'

    Council of Ministers decree on the formation of the postwar Soviet missile industry.

  • October 15, 1951

    Memorandum of D. F. Ustinov to L. P. Beria on the Use of German Specialists

    Summary report on the use of German specialists for Soviet rocket development

  • February 13, 1953

    USSR Council of Ministers Decree, 'On the Plan of Scientific-Research Work on Long-Range Missiles in 1953-1955'

    Council of Ministers decree approving development of several intercontinental missiles

  • November 25, 1953

    Memorandum by V. A. Malyshev, et. al., to the Presidium of the CPSU Central Committee on the Creation of a Long-Range Missile with a Nuclear Warhead

    On the creation of a long-range missile to carry nuclear warheads

  • February 12, 1955

    Decree of the USSR Council of Ministers, 'On a New Test Range for the USSR Ministry of Defense'

    Council of Ministers decree approving a launch range in Kazakhstan for testing the ICBM

  • April 10, 1957

    Memorandum from V. M. Riabikov and S. P. Korolev to N. S. Khrushchev on the State of Preparations for the First Launch of the R-7 Intercontinental Ballistic Missile

    Preparations to launch the first R-7 ICBM

  • May 16, 1957

    Report of V. M. Riabikov, M. I. Nedelin, K. N. Rudnev, and S. P. Korolev to the CPSU Central Committee

    Results of first launch of the R-7 ICB

  • August 14, 1967

    Intelligence Note 669 from Thomas L. Hughes to the Secretary, 'Tests of Soviet Fractional Orbital Bombardment System (FOBS)'

    Soviet tests of a fractional orbital bombardment system (FOBS) attracted the interest of the US intelligence community because of the unique challenges it posed to defenses. At that point, August 1967, the US had no means to detect a FOBs attack but INR noted that a satellite detection system would be operational during 1970. This was a reference to the secret Defense Support Program (DSP), which would use infrared technology to detect missile launches and reduce any surprise advantage from the FOBs. The Soviets recognized this and later retired their twenty or so ICBMs with FOBs capabilities in 1983.