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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 26, 1954

    Letter by S. P. Korolev with Enclosed Report by Tikhonravov, 'On the Possibility of the Development of an Artificial Earth Satellite'

    Report on simple satellite proposed by Tikhonravov, addressed to Council of Ministers

  • May 26, 1954

    M. K. Tikhonravov, 'Memorandum on an Artificial Earth Satellite'

    On the possibility of launching the “simplest satellite” along with future considerations of launching humans into space

  • August 05, 1955

    Note of M. V. Khrunichev, V. M. Riabikov, and S. P. Korolev to N. S. Khrushchev and N. A. Bulganin On Work to Create an Artificial Earth Satellite

    Requesting permission to launch a satellite during the International Geophysical Year

  • August 08, 1955

    CPSU Central Committee Presidium Decree, 'On the Creation of an Artificial Satellite of the Earth'

    Presidium (Politburo) decree approving the launch of a satellite during the International Geophysical Year

  • January 30, 1956

    USSR Council of Ministers Decree, 'On the Creation of ‘Object D'

    Council of Ministers decree officially approving the launch of a satellite during the International Geophysical Year

  • July 04, 1956

    Note of Academician I. P. Bardin to N. S. Khrushchev about the Position of Soviet Representatives at a Conference of the Special Committee for the International Geophysical Year

    What Soviet scientists could reveal about Soviet plans when traveling abroad

  • January 05, 1957

    Proposal On the First Launches of Artificial Earth Satellites Before the Start of the International Geophysical Year

    Suggesting launch of a smaller and simpler satellite before the beginning of the International Geophysical Year

  • February 15, 1957

    CPSU Central Committee Presidium Decree, 'On Measures Connected with Carrying out the International Geophysical Year'

    Presidium (Politburo) decree approving request to launch a simpler satellite at the beginning of the International Geophysical Yea

  • September 24, 1957

    Note of V. M. Riabikov, K. N. Rudnev, and Others to the CPSU Central Committee About the Work to Launch Artificial Earth Satellites

    On preparations to launch first Soviet satellite

  • September 26, 1957

    Decree of the CPSU Central Committee Presidium, 'On the Launch of an Artificial Satellite of the Earth'

    Presidium (Politburo) decree approving launch of satellite

  • September 26, 1957

    Council of Ministers Decree, 'On the Launch of an Artificial Satellite of the Earth'

    Approving the launch of the first Soviet satellite.

  • October 05, 1957

    Pravda Newspaper Article, 'Announcement of the First Satellite'

    Announcement of the launch of the first artificial "sputnik" satellite by the Soviet Union.

  • October 11, 1957

    From the Journal of P. F. Yudin, Record of a Conversation with Mao Zedong on 11 October 1957'

    Soviet Ambassador Yudin visited the Indian exhibition in Peking with Chairman Mao and Liu Shaoqi. Chairman Mao congratulated the Soviet Union on its latest achievements in missile and satellite developments and stated that the balance of power now shifted towards communist states.

  • June 26, 1958

    Letter, A. Bakulev et al. to Comrade N.S. Khrushchev

    Proposal from biomedicine specialists addressed to Nikita Khrushchev to create a new scientific-research institution dedicated solely to study the biomedical aspects of space exploration. The authors ask that a unit from the Air Force’s existing Institute of Aviation Medicine be detached and made into a new institute for space medicine.

  • September 16, 1958

    Letter, Sergei Korolev to Comrade K.N. Rudnev

    Proposal from Sergei Korolev submitted to the State Committee for Defense Technology to develop a spy satellite with a cosmonaut on board.

  • December 02, 1958

    Letter, M. Khrunichev et al to the CPSU CC

    Proposal submitted to the Central Committee (CC) by a number of industry leaders, scientists, and military officials proposing to strengthen biomedical research to support a future human spaceflight.

  • January 05, 1959

    Decree of the CPSU Central Committee and USSR Council of Ministers on Biomedical Research

    Central Committee and Council of Ministers Decree titled “On Strengthening Scientific-Research Work in the Field of Biomedical Support to Spaceflight” that transformed the Institute of Aviation Medicine to the Institute of Aviation and Space Medicine.

  • May 22, 1959

    Decree of the CPSU Central Committee and USSR Council of Ministers on Vostok

    Decree of the Central Committee and Council of Ministers officially titled “On the Object Vostok,” approving the development of the Vostok reconnaissance satellite.

  • June 15, 1960

    Proposal from D. Ustinov et al to the CPSU CC on Cosmonaut Training Center

    Proposal to the Central Committee from industrial leaders and the scientific community on creating a cosmonaut training center and establishing regulations on the professional activities of cosmonauts.

  • August 03, 1960

    Decree from N.S. Khrushchev and M. Smirtyukov on Cosmonaut Training Center

    USSR Council of Ministers Decree entitled “The Preparation of a Manned Spaceflight,” approved full-on preparations for a human spaceflight.