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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 01, 1933

    Primorsk Region Oblispolkom, 'Memorandum Report on the Question of the Criminal Conditions in Building No. 10, 'MILLIONKA'

    Addressed to the Oblispolkom, or district administration and executive committee, this report shows concerns about the Chinese population in the far eastern Primorsky region. The “Millionka” were a series of large apartments that housed thousands of Chinese in the Chinese quarter of the Vladivostok and their destruction was part of a series of Stalinist deportations which targeted the Chinese and Korean populations of the city. This document shows the Soviet administrator's deep suspicion of Asian communities and ethnic connections, which they perceived as mysterious, limitless, transnational, and inevitably related to “banditism,” “hooliganism,” drug use, and various criminal activities. The report identifies the Millionka as home to a wide variety of criminal activity and disorder (drug use, prostitution, blackmarket trade, drunkenness), as well as a source of "an anti-Soviet element with counterrevolutionary goals."

  • June, 1934

    Letter of Governor Shicai Sheng to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov

    Governor Shicai Sheng expresses his firm belief in Communism, his desire to overthrow the Nanjing Government and construct a Communist state in its place, and the need to establish a Communist Party branch in Xinjiang. Emphasizing his long study of Marxist theory, he requests that Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov allow him to join the Communist Party.

  • July 27, 1934

    Letter from Stalin to Cde. G. Apresov, Consul General in Urumqi

    Stalin compares Sheng Shicai, Governor of Xinjiang, to "a provocateur or an hopeless 'leftist'."

  • July 27, 1934

    Letter from Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov to Governor Sheng Shicai

    While expressing appreciate for Sheng's role in pacifying Xinjiang and expressing their firm trust in him, Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov deny his request to join the Communist Party and express their disagreement with the opinions he expressed in his earlier letter. Citing Xinjiang's economic backwardness, they condemn the rapid implementation of Communism in Xinjiang as a "ludicrous" idea and also advise against overthrowing the Nanjing government.

  • November 10, 1945

    Cable No. 3550, Stalin to Cdes. Molotov, Beria, Malenkov, and Mikoyan

    Stalin discusses Soviet reception of a speech in which Winston Churchill praised Russia and Stalin, the need to exclude viticulture and fruit-growing from the People’s Commissariat of Industrial Crops, and the urgency with which Soviet diplomats should be withdrawn from the regions in which Mao Zedong's troops are operating lest the Soviets be accused of organizing the Chinese civil war.

  • November 16, 1945

    Antonov to Marshal Malinovsky, the Commanding General of the Transbaykal-Amur Military District

    Soviet General Aleksei Antonov informs Marshal Malinovsky and V. M. Molotov that the People's Commissar of Defense has ordered Soviet troops to maintain good relations with the Republic of China and avoid letting the Chinese communists draw the Soviet Union into confrontation with the United States.

  • November 16, 1945

    Note to the Soviet Ambassador in China

    Letter to the Soviet Ambassador in China instructing him to present a note to Chinese Minister Wang Shijie assuring him that the Soviets are upholding and will continue to uphold the Soviet-Chinese agreement and are providing no assistance to the Chinese communists.

  • October 09, 1967

    CSSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs No. No. 026.235/67-3, 'Information about Most Recent Measures against the Activities of the Representative Office of the Chinese People’s Republic'

    Account of measures taken in response to provocative activities of the CPR (threats, propaganda, restrictions on freedom of movement, etc) and objectives in pursuing these responses.