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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 13, 1958

    T. Gede, 'Record of a Subsequent (2) Breakfast on Jan. 13, 1958'

    Record of talks between several ambassadors, in which they discuss the Rapacki Plan and Bulganin's letters.

  • September 30, 1962

    Record of Talks from the Premier’s Meeting with the Delegation of the National Front for the Liberation of Southern Vietnam

    Zhou Enlai meets with the head of a Vietcong delegation, Nguyen Van Hieu. The two discuss the Vietcong's struggle inside of Vietnam and the organization's international ties, as well as disarmament and Afro-Asian politics.

  • June 27, 1973

    Telegram by Ambassador Pignatti to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'US-USSR Agreement on the prevention of nuclear war'

    The document describes initial reactions to the signing of the Agreement on the Prevention of Nuclear War in Washington. The new agreement raises concerns over the bipolar focus of US-USSR relations, NATO's traditional strategy, and poses questions related to autonomous European defense.

  • 1977

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Disarmament'

    This note my the Italian Foreign Ministry discusses the growing tensions caused by the ongoing arms race and introduces different disarmament strategies suggested by the Soviet Union, Denmark, and the Warsaw Pact.

  • June 12, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Visit of NATO's Secretary General Lord Carrington (12th June, 1984)'

    A short summary from the ministerial session of the Atlantic Council in Washington. The focus of the discussion is on the role of NATO in East-West relations, CSCE, and the problem of INFs.

  • February 26, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NATO Secretary General's visit in Rome (26th-28th February 1986) - Analysis of the prospects of Geneva negotiations and of the negotiations about disarmament'

    A comprehensive analysis of the Soviet position in the upcoming disarmament negotiations regarding SDI, FNI, MBFR, and chemical weapons. Overall, there seems to be increased willingness on the Soviet side to free up economic resources from military sector.

  • February 26, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NATO Secretary General's visit in Rome (26th-28th February 1986). Security and disarmament'

    This document summarizes Ambassador Nitze's speech on the issue of security and disarmament, and provides a rather detailed description of current U.S. position vis-à-vis the USSR in the field of disarmament and global security.

  • May 28, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Reagan's letter to the Prime Minister about issues related to SALT II (dated 26th May 1986)'

    Analysis by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding Reagan's (May 26, 1986) letter to PM Craxi. It discusses intended American responses to Soviet violation of SALT II treaty, and calls for consultations with NATO member states.

  • June 25, 1986

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note for Comrades: Natta, Napolitano, Pajetta, Bufalini, and the Secretariat'

    Introduced by a cover letter by Antonio Rubbi dated June 25, 1986, this document is a report on the meeting between Raffaello De Brasi and Hu Yaobang. The issues covered include the Chinese internal situation, Chinese relations with the USSR and other socialist countries and in particular disarmament, and relations between China and the West.

  • October 16, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The Reykjavik Summit and issues related with disarmament'

    An analysis of the Reykjavik Summit touches on the impetus of the two parties, the outcome of the negotiations, and their possible implications for Italy.

  • October 23, 1986

    Telegram by Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Jannuzzi), 'Meeting of the Minister with Lord Carrington'

    Foreign Minister Andreotti and Secretary General of NATO, Lord Carrington discuss the effects of the Reykjavik Summit in the European context.

  • May 06, 1987

    Letter from the Ambassador Sergio Romano to the Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    Italian Ambassador to Moscow, Romano, shares his reflections on the change in Soviet SDI strategy. Romano's analysis underlines the politically fragile and potentially dangerous situation that could emerge as the result of nuclear disarmament in Europe.

  • May 19, 1987

    Letter from NATO's Secretary General Lord Carrington to Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    Both Guidi and Carrington share the concern that NATO's High-level Task Force has come to a deadlock in regard to conventional disarmament. Carrington advocates for direct involvement at the ministerial level to end the standstill.

  • March 05, 1988

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NATO summit in Bruxelles (2nd-3rd March 1988)'

    The document describes the Declaration produced at the meeting of Heads of state and governments in Brussels. The declaration reaffirms solidarity between the Western allies and the essential nature of the transatlantic relations in managing security and disarmament.

  • April 06, 1988

    Diplomatic Advisor of the Prime Minister Fontana Giusti, 'Memorandum for President Goria'

    Briefing for PM Goria in preparation for his meeting with Secretary General Lord Carrington offers an overview of topics discussed by Foreign Minister Andreotti and Carrington the previous day. Key issues examined included European public opinion on NATO, the weak state of transatlantic relations, and questions related to weapons modernization and disarmament.

  • July 27, 1988

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Workshop of the HLTF on the conventional stability in Europe (Casale di Villa Madama, 25th-26th July 1988)'

    Summary of the informal session of the High-Level Task Force seminar on Conventional Arms Control.

  • February 25, 1989

    Letter from United States Mission to NATO to Permanent Representative of Italy Francesco P. Fulci with two attachments on 'US Position on SNF' and 'Status of US-FRG Discussions on SNF'

    The US permanent representative to NATO, Alton Keel, sends his Italian counterpart Fulci two brief documents about NATO's short-range nuclear forces.

  • June 26, 1989

    Memorandum of Conversation Foreign Ministers Alois Mock (Austria) and Gyula Horn (Hungary)

    Transcript of official visit between Foreign Minister Horn (Hungary) with Foreign Minister Mock (Austria). In it they discuss Western European integration including Hungary's participation, the Europe Free Trade Agreement, and Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe. They continue with the development of Eastern Europe elaborating the developments with the Warsaw Pact, Hungarian/USSR relations, reforming Hungarian policy, and Austria's place in these changing times.

  • June 27, 1989

    Letter from NATO Deputy General Secretary Marcello Guidi to Minister Andreotti

    NATO's Deputy Secretary General Marcello Guidi writes to Foreign Minister Andreotti at the end of his term volunteering his rather optimistic views on the developments in East-West relations and NATO during the past three years. Key topics include disarmament, the German question, and the future role of NATO.

  • January 26, 1990

    Austrian Foreign Ministry, '[Excerpt] East German Report on Modrow’s visit to Vienna on 26 January 1990'

    The document relays a conversation between East German and Austrian officials about Austria's commitment to potential reunification. The document addresses the possibility in two parts. The first half focuses on leniency with travel and economic reforms including visa-less travel and potential car taxes. The second part focuses on the greater European Cold War balance and addresses topics such as disarmament and inter-bloc cooperation.