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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 15, 1945

    L. Beria to Cde. V.M. Molotov

    Beria writes that Osman Batur does not intend to recognize the East Turkestan Republic. Instead, Osman will create an independent state in Altai, in part due to the support of Choibalsan.

  • January 12, 1947

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Ambassador in China A. A. Petrov and General Zhang Zhizhong on 7 January 1947

    Petrov and Zhang discuss Xinjiang-Soviet trade and the overall state of Sino-Soviet relations.

  • April 24, 1948

    Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes No. 69 of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings

    The Soviet Politburo makes recommendations for governance and security in the East Turkestan Republic.

  • June 18, 1949

    Cable, Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong [via Kovalev]

    Stalin discusses the creation of a government in China, Chinese military plans, and the acquisition of oil in China.

  • June 27, 1949

    Memorandum of Conversation between Stalin and CCP Delegation

    Stalin and the CCP delegation discuss the Soviet loan to China, the specialist the Soviets are to send to China, the occupation of Xinjiang, and the Chinese fleet.

  • August, 1949

    Liu Shaoqi to Cde. G.M. Malenkov

    Liu Shaoqi informs Malenkov that Deng Liqun will lead a team to the East Turkestan Republic and establish radio communication with Moscow and later with Peng Dehuai.

  • August, 1949

    Karsky to Cde. Miklashevsky

    Moscow will assist Deng Liqun, a member of the Chinese Communist Party, with establishing radio contact after arriving in the East Turkestan Republic.

  • September 02, 1949

    Cable No. 3582 from Flilippov [Stalin] to Cde. Mao Zedong

    A delegation of democratic organizations of Xinjiang crashed on its way to Beijing. The delegation included Uyghur political leaders Abdulkerim Abbas and Ehmetjan Qasim.

  • September 26, 1949

    Cable with Message from Mao Zedong to Stalin

    Request for assistance from the Soviet Union with air transport for troops and supplies into Xinjiang.

  • October 12, 1949

    Ciphered Telegram No. 58986 from Kovalev to Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao requests assistance with shipments of fuel, troops, and aircraft to Urumchi.

  • October 14, 1949

    Ciphered Telegram No. 4159 from Filipov [Stalin] to Kovalev

    Stalin agrees to send one division from Lanzhou to Urumchi and to ship aviation fuel to Urumchi and Hami.

  • October 25, 1949

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Comrade Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao shares a detailed report on the arrival of the PLA in Xinjiang with Stalin.

  • December 07, 1949

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Wang Zhen

    Zhou Enlai responds to two cables about the activities and whereabouts of George Fox-Holmes, Douglas Mackiernan, and John Hall Paxton.

  • December 29, 1949

    Report of Cde. Peng Dehuai about the Situation in Xinjiang

    Peng reports on the situation in Xinjiang following the takeover of Xinjiang by the People's Liberation Army.

  • April 09, 1951

    Memorandum to Mr. B. Kuniholm from Enver Shakul, 'News from Sinkiang'

    Enver Shakul, a Xinjiang exile working at the US Embassy in Ankara, shares the latest gossip from China's northwest.

  • July 12, 1969

    Isa Yusuf Alptekin, 'Memorandum Sent to Richard Nixon, President of the United States of America'

    Memorandum sent by Isa Yusuf Alptekin, President of the Center for the Liberation of East Turkestan, to President Richard Nixon about the necessity to include the people of East Turkestan among 'captive nations.' This letter was published in Isa Yusuf Alptekin's Turkish language book "Doğu Türkistan İnsanlıktan Yardım İstiyor" (East Turkistan Expects Help from Humankind).

  • February 01, 1970

    Letter, Isa Yusuf Alptekin, President of the National Center for the Liberation of Eastern Turkestan, to President Richard Nixon

    Isa Yusuf Alptekin writes to President Nixon to explain the plight of his people and to request assistance.

  • February 06, 1970

    Letter, John M. Murphy, Member of Congress, to the Honorable Richard M. Nixon

    Congressman Murphy forwards a letter and appeal from Isa Yusuf Alptekin to President Nixon.

  • February 06, 1970

    Letter Sent by John M. Murphy, Representative of New York, to President Richard M. Nixon as Attachment to Isa Alptekin's Memorandum

    A copy of the letter sent by John M. Murphy to Richard Nixon, as published in Isa Yusuf Alptekin's Turkish language book "Doğu Türkistan İnsanlıktan Yardım İstiyor" (East Turkistan Expects Help from Humankind).

  • February 17, 1970

    Answer Written by W. E. Timmons, Assisstant Of Richard M. Nixon, the President Of The United States, to John M. Murphy’s Letter

    Answer by William E. Simmons to the letter sent by John M. Murphy about Yusuf Isa Alptekin's memorandum, as published in Isa Yusuf Alptekin's Turkish language book "Doğu Türkistan İnsanlıktan Yardım İstiyor" (East Turkistan Expects Help from Humankind).