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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • November 27, 1951

    Meeting Minutes between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Zhang Hanfu and Indian Commisioner T.N. Kaul

    Zhang Hanfu and Kaul discuss the grain trade between China and India, the situation at the border following the PRC's incorporation of Tibet, and the arrangements for Zhang Hanfu to attend the International Industrial Expo in Bombay

  • June 23, 1952

    Meeting Minutes between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai and Indian Commissioner T.N. Kaul

    Zhang Hanfu and Kaul discuss the Tibet issue as well as prisoners of war from the Korean War.

  • October 07, 1954

    Memorandum of Conversation from the Meeting between Premier Zhou Enlai and the Pakistan Women’s Delegation (Excerpts)

    A conversation between Zhou Enlai and a Pakistani women's delegation on Sino-Indian-Pakistani trilateral relations, the Kashmir issue, and China's qualms about Pakistani membership in the Southeast Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO).

  • July 31, 1956

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Pakistan, 'The Main Themes of Pakistan’s Diplomatic Activities During the Past Month'

    This Chinese report on Pakistani diplomatic activities focused on a visit by Pakistani President Mirza to Turkey. The talks revolved around two main topics: The Cyprus issue and the Kashmir dispute.

  • January 23, 1959

    Letter from Prime Minister of China to the Prime Minister of India, 23 January 1959

  • May 07, 1959

    Ambassador Yudin's Letter to Zhou Enlai

    The Soviet Ambassador to China expressed his admiration of an article regarding the Tibet issue in the People's Daily

  • May 30, 1959

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Bulgaria, 'The Bulgarian Deputy Defense Minister’s Reaction to the Tibet Issue'

    Bulgarian Defense Ministry’s first deputy chief expressed his belief that the armed rebellion in Tibet was counterrevolutionary but urged China to be cautious in handling its relation with India

  • June 12, 1959

    Chinese Report on the Response of Editor-in-Chief of Bulgaria’s "Banner of Agriculture News" to the Tibet Issue

    Editor and Deputy Editor-in-Chief of the Bulgarian "Banner of Agriculture News" talked about the Tibet issue and showed their admiration for the People’s Daily article “Tibet’s Revolution and Nehru’s Philosophy.”

  • July 15, 1959

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Bulgaria, 'Response of People in Various Circles in Bulgaria to the Dalai Lama’s Statement'

    The Chinese Embassy reports on the negative reactions from various circles in Bulgaria to the Dalai Lama's statement

  • September 08, 1959

    Premier Chou En-lai's [Zhou Enlai's] Letter to Prime Minister Nehru

  • September 09, 1959

    Meeting Minutes between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Zhang Hanfu and Ambassadors from Fraternal Countries on the Tibet Issue

    Chinese Vice Foreign Minister convened a meeting with ambassadors from several countries to discuss the Tibet issue. Zhang accused India of trying to wage an anti-Chinese campaign, presented several documents and maps as well as explained the history of the dispute.

  • September 10, 1959

    Memorandum of Conversation Between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Zeng Yongquan and Charge d’Affaires of the Embassy of the Soviet Union in China S. Antonov

    Zeng and Antonov talked about the outbreak of conflict along the Sino-Indian border, a TASS statement regarding the issue made without incorporating Chinese opinion and the role of publicity.

  • October 29, 1959

    Report from the PLA General Staff Department, 'Behind India’s Second Anti-China Wave'

    The Chinese military report listed Nehru's six goals in the border conflict with China: Force China to accept the McMahon line, alleviate the internal contradictions within Indian moderates, reverse the detriment on his reputation incurred by the interference in the Tibet dispute, strike the Indian Communist Party, flatter the US for aid, and create a Himalayan Union. None of those goals were achieved.

  • October 02, 1959

    Record of Conversation of N. S. Khrushchev with CC CCP Chairman Mao Zedong, Deputy Chairma Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai, Zhu De, Lin Biao, Politburo Members Peng Zhen and Chen Yi, and Secretariat Member Wang Jiaxiang

    Record of conversation between Nikita Khrushchev and top Chinese Communist Party leaders. Khrushchev blames the Chinese for the border conflict with India and for allowing the Dalai Lama to escape from Tibet. The two sides argue over how the Chinese should have handled these problems, with Mao accusing the Soviet Union of being "time-servers."

  • October 02, 1959

    Discussion between N.S. Khrushchev and Mao Zedong

    Khrushchev and Mao discuss current political situations in Tibet, India, Indochina and Taiwan.

  • October 14, 1959

    From the Journal of Ambassador S.F. Antonov, Summary of a Conversation with the Chairman of the CC CPC Mao Zedong

    October 1959 conversation between Mao Zedong and the Soviet diplomat and sinologist S.F. Antonov, in which Mao attempted to reassure the Soviets that China would not provoke war with the United States or with its Asian neighbors. In his conversation with Antonov, Mao attempts to lessen the impact of China’s displeasure with Soviet policies. He tries hard to show his agreement with Moscow on every issue—the United States, Taiwan, India, Tibet, disarmament.

  • November 07, 1959

    Premier Chou En-lai's [Zhou Enlai's] Letter to Prime Minister Nehru

  • November 28, 1959

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'The Soviet Union’s Attitude towards the Sino-Indian Border Dispute'

    The Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union commented that Moscow was trying to maintain a neutral stance in the conflict because it still had important stakes in India. The report predicted that this attitude would have negative consequences and encourage the Indian rightists.

  • December 18, 1959

    Draft Report, 'On the Trip of the Soviet Party-Governmental Delegation to the PRC,' by M. Suslov to CC CPSU Presidium for Presentation to a Forthcoming CC CPSU Plenum (excerpt)

    Draft report by M. Suslov describing the visit of a Soviet delegation to the People’s Republic of China, mainly focusing on the deterioration of relations between India and China.

  • December 24, 1959

    Draft, Report to the CC CPSU Plenum, 'About the Visit of the Soviet Party-Governmental Delegation to the PRC'

    Soviet record of conversation between delegations from the Communist Parties of the Soviet Union and China. They argue over China's policy toward India and toward Taiwan, and assert that China is pursuing a path that will hurt its Communist allies and risk war. Also notes the extent of Mao's personality cult in China.