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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 14, 1994

    German Federal Foreign Office, 'British Invitation to the Western Coordination Meeting on 14 January 1994 at the Canadian UN Mission and British Paper on Options and Modalities of NPT Extension'

    Copy of a UK paper summarizing NPT extension options and their implications.

  • July 25, 1994

    Decision, Council of the European Union, 'Concerning the Joint Action Adopted by the Council... Regarding Preparation for the 1995 Conference of the States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons'

    The Council of the European Union votes to extend the NPT indefinitely.

  • October, 1994

    Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation (PPNN) International Seminar on Issues at the 1995 NPT Conference, 'Preparations for the Conference' by Ben Sanders

    An overview of the administrative structure of the NPT review conference and the preparatory work leading up to it, as well as potential procedural problems which have not yet been solved.

  • December 27, 1994

    South African Legal Opinion on Article X.2 of the NPT

    Legal analysis of Article X.2, which states that after 25 years the treaty takes force (in 1970), treaty members will hold a conference to determine if the NPT will be extended indefinitely or for an additional fixed period(s).

  • December 27, 1994

    South African Legal Opinion on Article X.2 of the NPT

    A description of X.2 Article of the NPT and a discussion of three potential outcomes: 1) indefinite extension, 2) extension for an additional fixed period, and 3) extension for additional fixed periods.

  • December 27, 1994

    P. Goosen, 'Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT): South African Position and Preparations for the NPT Review and Extension Conference'

    The memo suggests to pick additional fixed periods extension of the NPT with a green-light mechanism. In addition, need for significant majority and establishing better relations with other states

  • 1995

    Cartoons drawn by Carlton Stoiber at the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference

    Drawings of "Del the wonder dog" at the 1995 NPT conference.

  • January 24, 1995

    Preparatory Committee for the 1995 Conference of Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, 'Indonesia: working paper on the extension of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons: Options and Action Available'

    The Group of Non-Aligned and Other States presents a short working paper summarizing Article X.2 and the available options for extending the NPT.

  • February 08, 1995

    German Bundestag, 13th Legislative Period, Proposal for 'Indefinite and Unconditional Extension of the Non-Proliferation Treaty'

    Proposal for extension of NPT and related steps for the German federal government to take to support non-proliferation.

  • February 13, 1995

    German Federal Foreign Office, Wire Report, 'NPT Review and Extension Conference: Meeting of the Core Group on 10 February 1995'

    Summary of meeting and different countries' positions at the review conference.

  • February 27, 1995

    J. duPreez, 'Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT): South African Position and Preparations for the NPT Review and Extension Conference'

    The memo contains strategies both for before and during the NPT, arguing for fixed extension without publicly announcing it prior to NPT and support supermajority as criteria in decision.

  • March 02, 1995

    J. duPreez, 'Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT): South African Position and Preparations for the NPT Review and Extension Conference'

    The memo notes suggests that a series of successive extensions should be used. DuPreez also says that South Africa must continue to participate in the NPT.

  • March 22, 1995

    German Federal Foreign Office, Wire Report, 'NPT Review and Extension Conference: Meeting of the Core Group on 20/21 March 1995'

    Summary of meeting of the core group, statomg "these meetings make it fully clear that now thanks to the lobbying activities of many countries an increasing majority of member states who are for the indefinite extension of the npt appears possible."

  • March 24, 1995

    J. duPreez, 'Credentials for South Africa's Delegation to the Treaty for Nuclear Non-Proliferation Review and Extension Conference'

    Credentials for South Africa's delegation to the 1995 Non-Proliferation Treaty Extension Conference.

  • April 03, 1995

    Abdul Minty et al, 'South Africa's Position on the Extension of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)'

    South Africa supports the indefinite extension of the NPT.

  • April 06, 1995

    German Federal Foreign Office, Memorandum, 'NPT Extension Conference: Positions of State Parties'

    German Foreign Ministry index listing all of the NPT countries and their positions on extending the treaty.

  • April 10, 1995

    Letter, Thabo Mbeki to Al Gore

    Responding to Al Gore's 4th April letter, Mbeki offers support for the NPT while noting the need for supermajority and strengthening the review process.

  • April 13, 1995

    Letter, Al Gore to Thabo Mbeki

    The letter congratulates Mr Thabo and South Africa for pledging to the NPT agreements and offering suggestions during the revision process. Gore also says that he will be able to meet Foreign Minister Nzo in New York on 19th April.

  • April 13, 1995

    Letter, Alfred Nzo to The Honourable Edward Bwanai, Minister of External Affairs, Malawi

    The letter asks for improvements in the review process for the NPT.

  • April 18, 1995

    1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Final Document, Summary and Verbal Records (excerpts)

    Opening statements in the General Debate by Canada, Egypt, France, Germany, United Kingdom, United States, Russia, South Africa, The Netherlands.