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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • December 01, 1965

    Kh. K. Karimov, 'A Short Report on the Work of the “People’s education in Soviet Tajikistan (Kabul, November 20 – December 2 1965)” Exhibition'

    Account of a recent exhibition in Kabul, including a Tajik publication in Arabic script and a conversation with a refugee from Samarkand.

  • April 21, 1979

    Protocol #150 of the CC CPSU Politburo Session, 21 April 1979

    Concerns helicopter and ammunition deliveries from the Soviet Union to Afghanistan.

  • June 28, 1979

    Report on the Situation in Afghanistan, Gromyko, Andropov, Ustinov, and Ponomarev to CPSU CC

    The CC CPSU points to the economic 'backwardness,' small middle class, and the weakness of the PDPA as the reasons behind political instability in Afghanistan. Increasing internal support of the PDPA and strengthening the Afghan military are proposed solutions achieve stability.

  • February 16, 1980

    Ciphered Telegram, Embassy of Hungary in India to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A report from the Hungarian Embassy in India explaining that in the view of the Indian government, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan threatens regional stability as it could invite American and/or Chinese intervention.

  • January 01, 1981

    Autobiographical Notes Davlatali Fayzamievich Bobiev

    Account of Bobiev's service in Afghanistan, including at the Khayraton-Kabul highway and Balkh province.

  • March, 1988

    General Valentin Varennikov’s Proposals on How the Afghans Should Use Their Forces After the Soviet Withdrawal, March 1988 (Excerpt)

    Varennikov makes recommendations for the Afghanistan military after the withdrawal of the Soviet army. He recommends retreating from smaller garrisons and outposts, and concentrating on "holding the most important areas and facilities of the country."

  • August, 1988

    Report from General Valentin Varennikov to Soviet Defense Minister Dmitri T. Yazov (Excerpt)

    Varennikov reports on problems with the Afghan forces, including excessive demands for additional weapons and equipment and the unreliability of Afghan troops.

  • January 24, 1989

    Minutes of CPSU Central Committee Politburo, 'Measures in Connection with the Upcoming Withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan' (Excerpt)

    List of measures to support the Afghan military following the withdrawal of Soviet troops, especially the vital suppy route of the Kabul-Hayraton highway.

  • March 27, 1990

    National Intelligence Daily for Tuesday, 27 March 1990

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 27 March 1990 describes the latest developments in the Soviet Union, Colombia, Kuwait, OPEC, Afghanistan, Cuba, Guatemala and El Salvador.

  • 1999

    Dossiers of rebel field commanders

    A Soviet analysis of counterrevolutionary commanders in Afghanistan.

  • April, 2004

    KGB Active Measures in Southwest Asia in 1980-82

    Materials provided by former KGB archivist Vasili Mitrokhin to CWIHP, following the publication of the Working Paper No. 40, "The KGB in Afghanistan." As with all Mitrokhin’s notes, his compilation on Soviet “active measures” in South and Southwest Asia is based on other smuggled-out notes and was prepared especially for CWIHP. Please read the Notes on Sources for information on the nature and limitations of these documents.