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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 15, 1954

    From the Journal of Molotov: Secret Memorandum of Conversation at Dinner in Honor of French Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Mendes-France

    The discussion between Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav M. Molotov and French Prime Minister Pierre Mendes-France begin with talk of the draft and revisions of the French delegation’s proposal for the Geneva Convention. Elections in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia and the line of demarcation between North and South Vietnam are discussed as well.

  • July 18, 1954

    Minutes of Conversation between Zhang Wentian and Harold Caccia

    Caccia informs Zhang that Eden will not bring up the issue of the Indochina countries joining Southeast Asian if an agreement is reached at the conference. Zhang notes that both the French and Vietnamese feel they've made enough concessions regarding regrouping areas in Laos. Caccia mentions Vietnam's rejection of the proposed make-up of the NNSC, and Zhang and Caccia discuss the need for a definite election date in Vietnam.

  • July 19, 1954

    Minutes of Conversation between Zhang Wentian and Harold Caccia, First Meeting

    Zhang and Caccia discuss three points. First Caccia mentions the French are primarily concerned with Route 9, and makes suggestions for this. Secondly, Caccia notes the French do not see elections occurring for another couple of years. Finally, Caccia makes clear that if an agreement is reached at the conference, there is no need for the Indochina countries to join military alliances.

  • July 19, 1954

    Minutes of Conversation between Zhang Wentian and Harold Caccia, Second Meeting of 19 July

    Zhou meets with Eden to discuss five points: the demarcation line in Vietnam, elections, the international supervisory committee, withdrawal of foreign troops, and a guarantee that collective measures will be taken if a breech of an agreement is made.

  • July 20, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong and Others, Regarding Zhou’s Meetings with Pierre Mendes-France and Eden, as well as Discussions Outside the Conference

    Zhou reports on his meeting with Medes-France and Eden. Though Zhou notes they have found a solution for the election date in Vietnam, the parties still must work out issues of regrouping areas and troop withdrawal.

  • December 29, 1954

    Telegram #982 from K. Novikov to V. M. Molotov

    Telegram discussing statements of Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, Pham Van Dong, regarding critique of Ngo Din Diem.

  • March 19, 1955

    Telegram to V. M. Molotov on Report of the Agency France Press

    Telegram from V. Kuznetsov about the French Minister of Foreign Affairs Piné's statement that a conference of the three powers has been called to discuss problems of Indo-China and implementation of Geneva accords. The telegram concludes that a meeting is needed with Piné to demonstrate that the Soviet Union is firmly monitoring any Geneva accord violations.

  • May 27, 1955

    Draft Telegram to Hanoi Soviet Ambassador on Instructions for Meeting with Pham Van Dong

    Telegram to Soviet Ambassador in Hanoi instructing to meet with Pham Van Dong and inform him of Soviet position on agreement between Democratic Republic of Vietnam and France against the United States in South Vietnam.

  • November 03, 1968

    The National Liberation Front's Five-Point Political Solution to the South Vietnam Question

    Excerpt from a declaration of the National Liberation Front on a political settlement of the South Vietnam question: The US had to withdraw from Vietnam and destroy their military bases in South Vietnam. South Vietnam's internal matters would be dealt with by the South Vietnamese and the reunification of Vietnam would be decided by the Vietnamese without foreign intervention. There would be a general election in South Vietnam. The new government in South Vietnam would adopt a neutral foreign policy: No military alliance, having cordial relation with all countries, establishing good neighbor relations with Cambodia and Laos.

  • May 08, 1969

    The Complete Ten-Point Solution of the National Liberation Front Regarding a Political Solution to the South Vietnam Question

    Announcement of the National Liberation Front's delegate at the 16th session of the Paris Conference: The Americans had to unconditionally withdraw their amy, military personnel, weapons, etc. and destroy their bases in Vietnam. The South Vietnamese would choose their political system through a general election without foreign intervention. In the meantime, a provisional government including members of all political groups would be formed. The North and the South would then reestablish normal relations and negotiate reunification peacefully without foreign intervention. Both would refrain from having military alliances and foreign military presence in their territories. The North and the South would discuss the release of POWs. The Americans would have to bear all responsibilities for the damage incurred in Vietnam during the war.

  • June 10, 1969

    The Action Agenda of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam

    The Twelve-Point Action Agenda of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam. The points include continuing the war against the Americans and forcing the US to withdraw from Vietnam, eliminating the government of South Vietnam, creating an inclusive provisional government with the participation of other political groups, guaranteeing human rights and equality, improving workers' lives, guaranteeing the rights of students, intellectuals, businesses, increasing production, improving cultural life and education, granting amnesty for people working for the former regime, alleviating the consequences of war, reestablishing normal relations with the North, negotiating reunification peacefully, establishing diplomatic relations with all countries, refraining from having military alliances, supporting the independence movement in Asia, Africa and Latin America.

  • September 17, 1970

    Eight Points of Clarification to the Ten-point Solution of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam

    Eight points of clarification put forward by the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam in the 84th session of the Paris Conference: The US had to withdraw unconditionally from Vietnam. If the US withdew by June 30, 1971, the revolutionary forces would not attack American and Allies' forces and negotiations on guaranteeing safety for the withdrawing forces and the release of POWs would be commenced immediately. The Provisional Revolutionary Government would talk to a new government without Thieu-Ky-Khiem (the three leaders of the government of South Vietnam) about a political solution in South Vietnam. The people of South Vietnam would choose their political regime through a general election without foreign intervention. The South and the North would then reestablish normal relations and negotiate reunification peacefully.

  • July 01, 1971

    A Seven-Point Declaration of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam

    Statement by the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam at the 119th session of the Paris Conference: The US had to set a specific date for troop withdrawal from Vietnam. If the US planned to finish complete withdrawal within 1971, troop withdrawal and the release of POWs would be started and ended on the same dates. The Americans had to stop supporting the Thieu administration. A new government would be formed which supported peace, independence, neutrality and democracy. The Provisional Revolutionary Government would talk to this new government about creating a National Conciliatory Government to carry out a general election. The North and the South would then peacefully negotiate reunification. South Vietnam would be neutral and establish relations with all countries. The US would bear all responsibilities for damages incurred in Vietnam.

  • April 25, 1973

    A Six-Point Proposal of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam on the Implementation of the Paris Accords and the Preparation for an Agreement on Internal Issues of South Vietnam

    Proposal by the Provisional Revolutionary Government at the 8th session of the Conference between two sides in South Vietnam: Ceasing all confrontation, releasing all civilian officials detained by both sides, guaranteeing the freedom and democratic rights of the South Vietnamese people, establishing a National Conciliatory Council, implementing a general election, and reducing both sides' armed forces.