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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August 28, 1968

    Cryptogram No 10456 from Polish Embassy in Bucharest, Ambassador Ochęduszko's Meeting with the Soviet Ambassador

    Polish Ambassador Ochęduszko reports on a conversation with the Soviet ambassador in Bucharest, Alexander Vasilievich Basov. Basov informed him about a conversation he had with Nicolae Ceaușescu on August 25 in which Basov complained about Romanian press which criticized the Soviet intervention in Czechoslovakia. Ceausescu continued to insist that military intervention was a mistake.

  • June 11, 1971

    Evaluation by the East German Embassy in Bucharest of Ceauşescu's Visit to China

    This document examines the visit of the general secretary of the Romanian Communist Party, Nicolae Ceauşescu, to China. This visit is seen by East Germany as evidence of anti-Soviet sentiments. The Romanian endorsement of Chinese politics is strongly criticized, as it is seen to strengthen China's position and to weaken the cohesion of the Warsaw Pact. Ceauşescu's visit to China is said to have met with a positive response in the US.

  • August 02, 1971

    Record of the Meeting Between Leonid Brezhnev and East European Party Leaders in the Crimea (Including Discussion on China)

    This record of the Crimean meeting between General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev of the Soviet Communist Party and East European party leaders addresses Soviet domestic and foreign policies. Also discussed is China's anti-Soviet attitude. Brezhnev mentions the negative reactions of Korea and Vietnam to US President Richard Nixon's planned visit to China. The participants at the meeting are in favor of intensifying relations with Japan. Further discussions focus on the possibility of China joining the UN. All participants at the meeting criticize Nicolae Ceauşescu's visit to China as damaging the interests of the Warsaw Pact. Romania is said to support China's politics towards Albania and Yugoslavia.

  • November 06, 1971

    Polish Embassy in Bucharest, 'Memorandum Regarding Romania's Relations with the European Socialist Countries After Ceaușescu's Visit to Beijing'

    The Polish Ambassador reports that Ceausescu's visit to China had chilled relations with the countries of the Warsaw Pact. The report then discusses Romanians relations with the Soviet Union and Hungary in more depth.

  • August 12, 1975

    Intelligence Note, Polish Embassy in Bucharest, 'Concerning the Course and Results of the Visit of US President G. Ford in Romania'

    Detailed analysis of the visit of President Gerald Ford to Bucharest on August 2-3, 1975. In addition to the formal analysis of the official materials, the authors of the report tried to find other sources of information, which resulted in the statement that "we have information that Ceaușescu was an advocate rapid normalization of US-Cuban relations." Much attention was also devoted to the Romanian leader's attempts of mediation in various places around the world, including the Middle East. The report also contains rumors, which, according to the authors of the report, were "‘leaked’ by American diplomats around here" that Ceaușescu stressed the importance of the future of Yugoslavia after Tito's death, which he expected soon (in fact, he died in 1980, five years after the meeting)

  • May 16, 1979

    Conspect of Conversations with Cde. V. I. Potapov, Head of the Romania Sector of the CPSU CC Section

    V.I Potapov informs on foreign and domestic policies of the Romanian leadership, including the education of the population in a nationalist and anti-Russian spirit, publications describing Russo-Romanian and Soviet-Romanian relations regarding Moldova, the anti-Soviet course of the Romanian leadership abroad, including the pursuit of separate relations with China. Soviet representatives claim that Ceausescu is the principal animator of the RCP’s separate course, which he wishes to use to consolidate his power.

  • December 08, 1980

    Report to the Politburo by the Department of International relations of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party

    Report to the Politburo by the Department of International relations of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party regarding the meeting between leaders of Warsaw Pact countries on the subject of dissention in Poland

  • April 25, 1981

    Minutes of Meeting between Czechoslovak and Hungarian Interior Ministry Officials on the Carlos Terrorist Group and Radio Free Europe Bomb Attack

    A bomb exploded outside the RFE building in Munich on February 21, 1981, severely injuring several employees and causing major physical damage. This document, and others like it, indicates that the Ceausescu regime commissioned the “Carlos group” to carry out the attack. The Carlos group was then resident in Budapest, and this document indicates that the Hungarian Interior Ministry had advance knowledge of the bombing.

  • November, 1983

    Translation of a letter from Nicolae Ceausescu to West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl about Euromissiles

    A letter from Romanian President Nicolae Ceausescu to Helmut Kohl. Ceausescu makes some suggestions to ease the Geneva negotiations: the Warsaw Pact could accept “not taking into account the UK and French missiles”: the German government could “postpone the deployment [of the Intermediate missiles] to the end of 1984 or the beginning of 1985”; or the NATO and the Warsaw Pact countries should organize a conference “to discuss the issue of the Intermediate Range Missiles”.

  • July 05, 1989

    Excerpts from the Conversation of M.S. Gorbachev and Francois Mitterrand

    Excerpts from a dinner conversation between Gorbachev and Mitterrand where they discuss the political situations in Romania, Bulgaria, and Poland, and also comment on the US political system.

  • July 12, 1989

    Memorandum from Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party

    Memorandum from Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party regarding a meeting of leaders of the Warsaw Pact countries to determine how to proceed with enhancing contacts with the West and pursuing disarmament

  • August 21, 1989

    Resolution of the CPSU CC Politburo No. 132, 'Regarding the Appeal of Cde. Ceauşescu'

    The CPSU CC rejects Ceauşescu's proposal that the Warsaw Pact and CMEA convene to discuss the situation in Poland, stating "each of our parties and each of our states are in a position now to decide this matter for themselves, without the need to hold a multilateral meeting."

  • August 24, 1989

    Information of the Romanian Embassy in Budapest to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1415 hrs

    A Romanian official at the Embassy in Budapest reports on the Hungarian response to Ceaușescu's 19 August 1989 appeal regarding the situation in Poland.

  • November 13, 1989

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the change in leadership in the CPB and plans to deal with organizational questions as well as for Bulgaria and the Soviet Union to develop bilateral relations

  • December 21, 1989

    Memorandum of Conversation with the Ambassador of the SRR [Socialist Republic of Romania] in the USSR, I. Bucur

    Memorandum of conversation with the Ambassador of the SRR [Socialist Republic of Romania] in the USSR, I. Bucur regarding the events in Timisoara, expressing confusion about comments by Romanian officials concerning planned intervention by the Soviet Union

  • December 21, 1989

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Moscow to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Moscow to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding Romanian disapproval with Soviet mass media portrayal of events in Timisoara

  • December 21, 1989

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Moscow to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Note from the Romanian Embassy in Moscow to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding a discussion with the Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister concerning events in Timisoara and Ceausescu’s disapproval with Soviet official declarations concerning the events

  • December 22, 1989

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Moscow to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Bucharest) (1)

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Moscow to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Bucharest) containing a reply by Soviet leadership through Aboimov to Romanian accusations that the Soviet Union was planning military intervention in Romania

  • December 22, 1989

    Record of Conversation with the Ambassador of the SFRY [Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia] in the USSR, Milan Veres

    Record of Conversation with the Ambassador of the SFRY [Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia] in the USSR, Milan Veres regarding the events in Timisoara and the Yugoslav evaluation of these events, as well as Yugoslav concern over the situation

  • December 24, 1989

    Record of Conversation with US Ambassador to the USSR, J. Matlock

    Record of conversation with US Ambassador to the USSR, J. Matlock regarding the situation in Romania, providing humanitarian aid to Romania, the evacuation of Soviet citizens, and the non-intervention policy by the Soviet Union