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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 06, 1942

    Letter to Stalin from Lee Chang-chen, Commander-in-Chief of the Korean Army in China

    Lee Chang-chen asks Stalin to strengthen the Red Army fighting against the Japanese in the Far East in order to bring about the liberation of Korea faster.

  • February 23, 1943

    Letter to Stalin from the Union for the National Liberation of Korea

    The author celebrates the Red Army’s victory in the battle of Stalingrad and expresses his support for Stalin an communism.

  • May 10, 1943

    Letter to Stalin from Korean Political Parties and Other Organizations which are Based in China

    The author celebrates Stalin’s victories against fascist forces and asks Stalin to aid Korea and to recognize the Korean Provisional government.

  • January 03, 1947

    Central Intelligence Group, ORE 5/1, 'The Situation in Korea'

    An intelligence report about both North and South Korea. The report explains what the situation currently is and what is projected to happen with Soviet and American interaction with their respective Koreas.

  • October 12, 1948

    Telephone Message via VCh, I. Stalin to Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung acknowledging Kim's telegram from the 8th of October. Stalin states that the Soviet government is ready to begin diplomatic relations with the DPRK, exchange ambassadors, and start economic relations

  • March, 1949

    Soviet-Korean Protocol about Temporarily Leaving Soviet Navy Subunits in the Port of Chongjin

    List of agreements between the two governments that state that the USSR will leave some of their navy forces in the port of Chongjin, and that the DPRK will provide the necessary housing and facilities for the troops. Troops will be excused from customs and those working for the troops can move across borders with documents decided by both the USSR and DPRK.

  • March 05, 1949

    Notes of the Conversation between Comrade I.V. Stalin and a Governmental Delegation from the Democratic People's Republic of Korea headed by Kim Il Sung

    Kim Il Sung and Stalin discuss the military and economy in North Korea, Soviet-North Korean relations, and North Korea's relations with other foreign countries.

  • March 11, 1949

    Note, V. Molotov to Cde. Stalin

    The Soviet Commission on Korea prepared an official agreement between the USSR and DPRK, which gives the DPRK credit to purchase Soviet military equipment and materials.

  • March 17, 1949

    Agreement between the Government of the USSR and the Government of the DPRK regarding Extending a Loan by the Soviet Union to the Government of the DPRK to Pay for Equipment and Materials as Well as the Military Property Supplied to Korea

    Agreement between the government of the Soviet Union and the government of the DPRK to grant the Republic of Korea a loan to pay for the supplied equipment and materials, as well as military equipment.

  • March 18, 1949

    Excerpt from Minutes Nº 68 of the CC Politburo Meeting of 18 March 1949, '14. Concerning Korea'

    The Soviet Politburo approves several agreements concerning aid and trade between the Soviet Union and North Korea.

  • April 20, 1949

    Telegram, Shtemenko and Vasilevsky to Stalin

    A telegram informing Stalin that there has been about 37 violations from the South Koreans over the 38 parallel, and that the Soviet government should advise the North Koreans to take appropriate measures to be ready to respond to more provocative actions from the North Koreans.

  • September 11, 1949

    Telegram from Gromyko to Tunkin at the Soviet Embassy in Pyongyang

    The Soviet Union sends a set of questions to Kim Il Sung on about the South Korean army and North Korea's war plans.

  • September 15, 1949

    Telegram, Shtykov to Stalin

    A description of the political and economic situation in South and North Korea, and on the presence of the struggling democratic and reactionary forces and their influence among the people. Attached are three appendices on the combat and strength of the South Korean and the People's Army of North Korea, the amount of weapons in the People's Army, and the amount of ammunition in the People's Army as of August 1, 1949.

  • February 07, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Shtykov to Vyshinsky

    Shtykov relays to Vyshinsky Kim Il Sung's questions regarding the central committee's decision to issue a loan, on whether they can proceed toward forming more infantry, and on if North Korea could use in 1950 the credit the Soviet government had allocated for 1951. In answer to Kim Il Sung's requests, Shtykov answered ambiguously, stating that more thought needs to be put in.

  • February 23, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Maj. Gen. A.M. Vasilevsky, Head of Soviet Military Advisory group in DPRK

    Telegram from Shtykov to Vyshinsky reporting the arrival of Lieutenant-General Vasiliev and the transfer of military adviser duties from himself to Gen. Vasiliev.

  • March 09, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Vyshinsky

    In a telegram to Shytykov which he then relays to Vyshinsky, Kim Il Sung writes that North Korea requests of the Soviet Union military and technical support. In return, North Korea is sending the natural resources such as gold and silver to Soviet Union. Kim requests that a

  • May 30, 1950

    Cable Nos. 408-410, Shtykov to Vyshinsky (for the Politburo)

    Terenti Shtykov reports on Kim Il Sung's military planning for an invasion of South Korea and signals Soviet approval for the invasion.

  • June 26, 1950

    Top Secret Report on the Military Situation in South Korea from Shtykov to Comrade Zakharov

    Report from Shtykov to Zakharov detailing North Korean advances on the first day of the Korean War. Included is a list of conclusions drawn up by Shtykov regarding the conduct of Northern and Southern forces thus far.

  • June 30, 1950

    Cable No. 405743, Shtykov to Stalin

    North Korea requests supplies and weapons from the Soviet Union.

  • July 01, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Stalin on the Political Mood in North Korea

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin (copied to the Soviet leadership) describing the successes of KPA forces in the South. He also relays the concern of some of the DPRK cadre regarding American intervention.