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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • November 14, 1947

    112 (II), The Problem of the Independence of Korea

    UN Resolution 112 (II), "The Problem of the Independence of Korea," calls for elections to be held and for foreign troops to withdraw in order to achieve the unification of the Korean Peninsula.

  • July 12, 1948

    Memo of the Directorate for Foreign Relations of the USSR Armed Forces General Staff about the Results of a Conference of Leaders of the Political Parties and Organizations of North and South Korea

    The statement describes the conference which took place in Pyongyang from June 29 to July 5. The main goal of the conference was to discuss the separate elections held in South Korea and possibilities for the unification of Korea. The North Korean representatives considered the National Assembly formed in South Korea to be illegitimate and urged for the expulsion of foreign powers in order to achieve a unified Korea.

  • April 20, 1949

    The Korean Issue at the Third General Assembly of the United Nations

    Published by the Society for the Study of International Problems in 1949, this book contains a compilation of letters and news from 1948 that cover North Korea's position toward the Korean issue at the United Nations.

  • 1954

    The Restoration of the National Unity of Korea and the Holding of National Elections

    The report makes recommendations for elections in post-war Korea and the withdrawal of foreign troops from the Peninsula.

  • March 06, 1954

    From the Journal of Molotov: Secret Memorandum of Conversation between Molotov and PRC Ambassador Zhang Wentian

    Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov and PRC Ambassador to the USSR Zhang Wentian discuss their respective views on the situations in Korea and Vietnam in preparation for the upcoming Geneva Conference.

  • March 17, 1954

    Target Plans of the Soviet Delegation at the Geneva Conference on the Issue of Korea

    The Soviet Union should call for the withdrawal of foreign troops from Korea and the unification of Korea or otherwise strive to move from the armistice to an actual peace agreement.

  • May 14, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong and Others, Regarding the Situation at the Tenth Plenary Session

    Zhou Enlai reports on Eden's proposals at the tenth session on Korea. Eden focuses on elections based on the population distributions in North and South Korea, international supervision, and foreign troop withdrawal.

  • May 15, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong and Others, Requesting Instructions on the Korean Issue and Regarding the Situation at the Fourth Plenary Session on the Indochina Issue

    Zhou Enlai reports to the CCP on his meeting with Anthony Eden, the fourth plenary session on Indochina, and his meeting with the Soviet and Korean representatives. During the fourth session, representatives from Russia and France spoke on their positions on the armistice in Indochina.

  • May 17, 1954

    Telegram, Reply from the CCP Central Committee to Zhou Enlai’s Telegrams of 15 May and 17 May 1954

    The CCP informs Zhou that they agree that Korean elections should be supervised by neutral nations. They also emphasize two important points regarding the conditions for the elections.

  • May 20, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong and Others, Regarding the Situation at the Third Restricted Session

    Zhou Enlai reports on the continued session on Indochina. Again, the participants are divided in their opinions and nothing is achieved. All agree to continue the discussion another day. Also, Zhou prepares to take the lead in the session on Korea.

  • May 22, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong and Others, Regarding the Situation at the Fourth Restricted Session

    Zhou Enlai reports on the Indochina session and the upcoming Korea session. All sides agree on the order of discussion of a ceasefire in Indochina and that they are open to including more in the discussion.

  • June 02, 1954

    Zhou Enlai’s Report to the Central Committee about His Contacts with Robert Eden and Georges Bidault

    Zhou reports on issues raised at Eden's banquet. Zhou tells Eden that the commission of neutral nations overseeing the Korean elections should be made up of both European and Asian countries.

  • July 29, 1954

    Memorandum of Conversation, between Soviet Premier Georgy M. Malenkov and Zhou Enlai

    Soviet Premier Georgy M. Malenkov and Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai discuss the incidents between China and Taiwan, the US’s support of Taiwan, and the US bloc in the South Pacific. They contemplate various means through which China could prevent further provocations by Taiwan and how to break apart the American bloc. Zhou Enlai also offers suggestions concerning the elections in Korea that would help accomplish Soviet goals for the area.

  • June 11, 1956

    Summarizing Protocol of the Politburo Meeting with the Korean Comrades on 8 June 1956 at 1730 hours

    Discussion on North and South Korean politics and economy, with detailed account on North Korean economic development.

  • December 24, 1956

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK and Comrade Samsonov, 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR on 20.XII.1956

    The document features a conversation between Brzezinski Henryk and comrade Samsonov. To the questions of the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK, Samsonov states his opinion on the following topics: the group from the August plenum, different groups in the leadership of the DPRK, exchange of party cards, changes in economic policies, the standard of living of the population, agricultural production, Korean unification, and the role of the intelligentsia in the DPRK.

  • December 28, 1956

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report from Ambassador Károly Práth to Budapest on a conversation he had with Macuch, the Counsellor of the Czechoslovak Embassy. They discussed the inefficient organization of industry in North Korea and the ineffective manner with which Southern provocations are dealt.

  • May 27, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 27 May 1957

    Nam Il informs Puzanov about plans for holding elections to the Supreme National Assembly. He then passes a list of DPRK officials to be sent to the Soviet Union for treatment and discusses the possible visit of a delegation of Soviet journalists to the DPRK.

  • March 21, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 21 March 1960

    Pak Seong-cheol and Puzanov discuss the presidential elections in South Korea and the Ten Nation Committee on Disarmament.

  • March 23, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 23 March 1960

    Kim Tae-hui briefs diplomats in Pyongyang on U.S.-South Korea military relations and the 1960 elections in the ROK.

  • April 26, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 26 April 1960

    Pak Yong-guk sounds off on North Korea's reactions to the protest movement in South Korea and demands the "immediate withdrawal of American troops from South Korea."