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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • January 07, 1979

    CPSU CC Politburo Decision on Draft Telegram to the Soviet Embassy in Afghanistan, 07 January 1979

    CPSU CC Politburo approves a draft telegram to be sent to the Soviet ambassador in Afghanistan, instructing him to inform the Afghani leadership on the nature of Soviet assistance to the Afghan armed forces.

  • March 20, 1979

    Record of Conversation between L.I. Brezhnev and N.M. Taraki, 20 March 1979

    After the more general meeting of the same day, Brezhnev and Taraki meet to further discuss the situation in Afghanistan. Brezhnev advises Taraki to widen the base of the government's support among the people through political and economic means. Taraki reaffirms his current position, which includes open borders with Iran and Pakistan as well as the policy of persecution within Afghanistan.

  • March 20, 1979

    Meeting of Kosygin, Gromyko, Ustinov, and Ponomarev with Taraki in Moscow

    Meeting of Kosygin, Gromyko, Ustinov, and Ponomarev with Taraki in Moscow to discuss the deterioration of the situation in Afghanistan and expressing Soviet support for Afghanistan.

  • April 21, 1979

    Protocol #150 of the CC CPSU Politburo Session, 21 April 1979

    Concerns helicopter and ammunition deliveries from the Soviet Union to Afghanistan.

  • May 24, 1979

    CPSU CC Protocol #152/159, 24 May 1979, and Instructions to Soviet Ambassador in Afghanistan

    CPSU CC Politburo protocol approving of additional military assistance for Afghanistan. Also includes instruction to the Soviet Ambassador in Afghanistan to visit Taraki and inform him that the Soviet Union will be sending military aid but no Soviet crews and troops

  • December 02, 1979

    Telegram from Chief Soviet Military Adviser, 'Report from Kabul'

    H. Amin requests that the Soviet government send one reinforced regiment to Badakhshan.

  • December 04, 1979

    Telegram from Chief Soviet Military Adviser, 'Report from Kabul'

    H. Amin requests subunits of Soviet Internal Troops capable of keeping order in the northern regions together with the DRA people’s militia.

  • December 27, 1979

    Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union Announcement, Attachment to CPSU Politburo Protocol #177

    The USSR and Afghanistan formed a permanent relationship to combat counter-revolutionaries who attempt to undo the April Revolution. This relationship began with the Treaty of Friendship in 1978.

  • January 23, 1980

    CPSU CC Memo with excerpt from Protocol #180/64, 23 January 1980

    Concerns orders to Soviet troops.

  • January 25, 1980

    CPSU CC Memo with excerpt from Protocol #181/2 and attachments, 25 January 1980

    Concerns Soviet troops in Afghanistan.

  • February 16, 1980

    Ciphered Telegram, Embassy of Hungary in India to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A report from the Hungarian Embassy in India explaining that in the view of the Indian government, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan threatens regional stability as it could invite American and/or Chinese intervention.

  • October 15, 1980

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Vincenzo Tornetta to Minister of Foreign Affairs Colombo: Atlantic Council - Consultations about security in view of the CSCE meeting to be held in Madrid"

    Report from the Italian permanent representative to NATO, Tornetta, from the CSCE meeting in Madrid discusses the French proposal for a Conference on Disarmament (CDE) in Europe, and the negative impact of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan on the international climate, even giving rise to disagreement among NATO members.

  • December 22, 1980

    Information about Results of the Visit by L. I. Brezhnev in India (8 to 11 December 1980)

    Description of Brezhnev visit to India (1980 December), and summary of his discussions with Indira Gandhi and the Communist Party of India (ICP). With Gandhi, Brezhnev discusses a wide range of international issues, including increased US military presence in the Indian Ocean, the Iran-Iraq conflict, and Soviet involvement in Afghanistan. Gandhi both expresses sympathy for Soviet situation in Afghanistan but also calls for withdrawal of troops. Both sides criticize Pakistan for taking action to destabilize region, and both sides criticize China for policy on sub-continent; Soviets accuse china of "direct support for imperialist policy."

  • March 14, 1985

    Memorandum of Conversation Between M. S. Gorbachev and General Secretary of the CC NDPA [National Democratic Party of Afghanistan], Chairman of the Revolutionary Council of DRA [Democratic Republic of Afghanistan] B. Karmal.

    Gorbachev and Chairman Karmal discuss the future of Afghanistan with less intervention from the Soviets.

  • December 23, 1986

    CPSU CC Report, 23 December 1986

    Concerns Soviet assistance to Afghanistan.

  • May, 1987

    Plan of Negotiations between M.S. Gorbachev and the President of the United States of America, R. Reagan before the first trip to Washington

    Soviet plan for negotiations between Gorbachev and Reagan. Topics covered include peacemaking efforts in the Near East, nuclear limitation, and the issue of Afghanistan.

  • August, 1988

    Report from General Valentin Varennikov to Soviet Defense Minister Dmitri T. Yazov (Excerpt)

    Varennikov reports on problems with the Afghan forces, including excessive demands for additional weapons and equipment and the unreliability of Afghan troops.

  • January 01, 1989

    A January 1989 USSR Council of Ministers Instruction

    A decision authorizing military aid, totaling 6 million Soviet rubles.

  • January 14, 1989

    Memorandum of Conversation between Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze and Najibullah and other Afghan Leaders on 13-14 January 1989 (Excerpt)

    Shevardnadze, Najibullah and others discuss the possibility of Soviet forces providing security for vital cargo deliveries along the Hairaton-Kabul highway, which passes through territory controlled by Ahmad Shah Masoud's forces.

  • March 12, 1989

    CPSU CC Memo with excerpt from Protocol #149/23 and an attached report, 12 March 1989

    This memo concerns further measures for urgent military aid to Afghanistan.