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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • 1947

    The Muslim Brotherhood

    Account of the Muslim Brotherhood's division in Syria and tension with communists and the Syrian government.

  • April 30, 1949

    Untitled report on Soviet-Syrian Relations

    Developments in Syria and with the Syrian government's relations with the Soviet Union.

  • May 05, 1949

    Untitled report on Soviet activities in Syria

    Report on Syrian politics following the coup by Husni al-Za'im at the end of March.

  • June 17, 1949

    Untitled report on Soviet activities in Lebanon

    Information sought by the Soviet Union regarding Lebanon and Syria.

  • June 24, 1949

    Untitled report on Soviet interest in events in Syria

    Syria plays out as a battleground of foreign propaganda, and Chehab looks into recent developments.

  • July 26, 1949

    Untitled report on Soviet commercial activities in Lebanon and Syria

    Short document on Russian efforts to obtain information on the economic situation in Syria and Lebanon, Soviet attempts sign a trade agreement with Syria.

  • 1951

    Networks Acting for the Russians

    The locations of Russian centers and agents conducting popular activities and their strategies for propaganda. The iems the Russian Commission is tracking are also broached, including military munition in Beirut and the Syrian Republic.

  • September 18, 1955

    Communist Activity in Aleppo

    After Khalid Bekdash's visit to Aleppo, communist meetings focus on Russian engagement and the West's malicious intentions.

  • October 08, 1955

    Untitled report on Soviet activities in Syria

    Soviet aid to Damascus will surpass a recent arms deal and will include armed volunteer soldiers.

  • September 13, 1956

    Muslim Brotherhood Activities

    Document describes Muslim Brotherhood and Communist Party activities in early September 1956, and covers the Suez canal crisis, the Algerian rebels, enmity between the Communists and the Brotherhood, Brotherhood camps in Syria, 1956 elections in Jordan, the Russian delegation's trip to Syria, an alliance between the Ba'ath and the Communists, and a rivalry between the Communists and Kamal Jumblat.

  • May 30, 1957

    Untitled report on developments in Syria

    The Soviets begin to build radar bases and fix anti-aircraft artillery in Syria, and the Syrian and Russian governments reach an military aid agreement.

  • November 17, 1957

    Untitled report on Soviet Activities in Syria

  • February 16, 1967

    The Visit of the [Syrian] Ba’ath in the USSR, Political Report No. 3

    The document records the state of play in Syrian-Soviet relations prior to the Six-Day War. According to the author of the report negotiations between the Syrian Ba’ath delegation and Soviet authorities, which took place in Moscow during January 1967, were tense and uneasy because the Soviets were displeased by the provocative and aggressive Syrian policy toward Israel.

  • October 29, 1973

    Personal Letter from the Head of the KGB, Yurii Andropov, to the General Secetary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev

    Andropov gives his views on American and Soviet strategy vis-a-vis the 1973 Yom Kippur War.

  • June, 2007

    About an Embassy. Folder 78. The Chekist Anthology

    Folder 78 concerns KGB operations against the Syrian embassy in Moscow in the early 1970’s. It begins with brief biographical descriptions of the KGB agents and confidential contacts involved in penetrating the embassy. The Syrian Ambassador, Vhaya Jamil, was targeted by female KGB agents and confidential contacts who were told to express a romantic interest in him, while an official from the embassy’s military procurement bureau was targeted by a KGB agent who enticed the official into engaging in foreign currency speculation. As a result of his actions, the official was expelled from the Soviet Union. The KGB also used specially organized hunting trips on which agents and confidential contacts developed relations with Ambassador Vhaya. During one such hunting trip the Ambassador revealed the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, Nikolai V. Podgorny would visit Egypt in January 1971 to sign a friendship agreement with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. On a similar occasion on 12 September, 1973, Ambassador Vhaya explained that the short term goal of Middle Eastern leaders was to debunk the myth of Israeli invincibility, while the long term goal of destroying Israel, would have to wait for 5-15 years. Finally, Ambassador Vhaya became one of the KGB’s confidential contacts on a KGB organized hunting trip codenamed OPERATION T, which was personally approved by KGB Chairman Yuri Andropov. During the trip, a KGB agent was assigned to invite Vhaya to what was purported to be his aunt’s dacha. Subsequently the Ambassador was considered to be a KGB confidential contact.