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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 25, 1950

    CC CPSU decision with approved directives to Foreign Minister Vyshinsky and to Soviet Ambassador in Washington

    Soviet responses to the American installation of Japanese servicemen in Korea.

  • February 01, 1951

    News about Turkey: Turkish Missions

    Three Turkish missions will visit Syria in February to study Syrian history, culture, and social development. As well, Turkey has asked the U.S. to send troops to protect Syria and Lebanon.

  • February 06, 1953

    Note from the Embassy of the Polish Republic in Korea

    A report on the current situation of war preparations between the US and the DPRK.

  • February 11, 1953

    Note from the Embassy of the Polish Republic in Korea

    The Polish Embassy in DPRK reports on the intensification of US bombings in North Korea.

  • June 15, 1954

    Address, James H. R. Cromwell, A New Foreign Policy for United States

    Summary, introduction, and full transcription of address in which James Cromwell proposes a new foreign policy for the United States. In his new policy, he argues that US should enhance its armed forces abroad.

  • August 20, 1954

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to General James A. Van Fleet

    Syngman Rhee writes to General James A. Van Fleet to express his dissatisfaction with the United States' defense committment to South Korea and the rest of the free world. After describing his own "plan for military action" on the Korean Peninsula, Rhee also touches on South Korea's delicate relationship with Japan.

  • December, 1954

    Message, President Syngman Rhee to General Taylor and his forces

    In this Christmas Message, President Rhee addresses General Taylor and the US Forces. He praises the US troops for their victory against the communist aggression during the Korean War. Rhee recognizes America for continuing to “defend human liberty” not only in Korea but in all of Asia. Rhee ends the message with the goal of creating a “free, united, and democratic” Korea.

  • March 11, 1955

    Letter, Lieutenant General C. B. Ferenbaugh to President Rhee

    The United States has created a policy to aid the Republic of Korea by 1) strengthening the military establishment and, 2) helping stabilize her economy. Military aid would take the form of 720 thousand troops distributed amongst the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and the Air Force.

  • September, 1957

    The Situation in Jordan

    An American visit to plan a fight against communism in Jordan has dangerous ramifications, including increased tension between Arab states.

  • November, 1957

    Friendship and Solidarity Among Socialist Countries

    Kim Il Sung's article, originally published in Mezhdunarodnaya Zhizn, thanks the Soviet Union and China for assisting North Korea while deriding American foreign policy.

  • September 27, 1958

    Letter, Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union to the Chinese Communist Party, on the Soviet Union's Readiness to Provide Assistance to China in the Event of an Attack

    In the wake of the Taiwan Strait Crisis, the Soviet Union promises to intervene in the event of a nuclear attack on China from the United States.

  • March 15, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 15 March 1960

    Pak Seong-cheol explains ongoing changes within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Puzanov obtains new information on industries in various regions of North Korea.

  • March 15, 1961

    Message by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Directorate General for Political Affairs and Security (DGAP), 'American attitude toward NATO - President Kennedy's declarations'

    Letter from the Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs analyzing President Kennedy’s State of the Union Address. Despite stating his commitment to cooperating with NATO, the minister suspects that Kennedy has other priorities. The letter suggests that if the Kennedy expresses hesitancy in creating a nuclear force, European nations including Italy will move forward with or without American support.

  • April 01, 1961

    Memorandum by Admiral Corrado Tagliamonte to the Minister of Defense, 'American attitude toward NATO. President Kennedy's declarations'

    Report submitted to the Italian Minister of Defense regarding President Kennedy’s opinion that NATO should not construct a special nuclear force since the US has already developed a nuclear deterrent. According to the Kennedy, the creation of an additional deterrent would be useless and a waste of resources.

  • January 31, 1962

    Research Memorandum REU-25 from Roger Hilsman to Mr. Kohler, 'European Attitudes on Independent Nuclear Capability'

    Concerns about the credibility of US nuclear deterrence generated Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) General Lauris Norstad’s proposal for a NATO-controlled medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) force. This lengthy report represented INR’s assessment of “present and future European interest in national or multinational nuclear weapons capabilities,” including the MRBM proposal, and the extent to which an “enhancement of NATO's nuclear role” could “deter national or multinational European nuclear weapons programs.”

  • February 21, 1962

    Research Memorandum RSB-58 from Roger Hilsman to the Secretary, 'Probable Soviet Reaction to Establishment of Multilateral NATO-Controlled MRBM Force'

    As discussion of a NATO multilateral force (MLF) unfolded, unfolded, one question which had to be addressed was how the Soviet Union would respond to the creation of such a NATO force. Because a NATO force would increase Western military capabilities, Soviet opposition was assumed.

  • August 24, 1962

    Conversation between Soviet Ambassador in North Korea Vasily Moskovsky and North Korean Foreign Minister Pak Seong-cheol

    The North Korean Foreign Minister discusses with the Soviet Ambassador the nuclear hegemony of the US and their ability to control nuclear proliferation.

  • June 11, 1963

    Memorandum of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to North Korea Vasily Moskovsky and the First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the DPRK Kim Il

    Vasily Moskovsky gives Kim Il confidential information regarding the foreign policy of the USSR and discusses the visit made by Fidel Castro to a missile regiment in the USSR.

  • November 25, 1963

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Vietnam, 'Cuban Ambassador to Vietnam Discusses America’s Plan for Latin American Nuclear-Free Zone'

    The Chinese Ambassador to Vietnam reports that the United States is working through the United Nations to prevent Puerto Rico, Guantanamo, and its others holdings in Latin America from being included in any "Latin America Nuclear-Free Zone." The Ambassador suggests that this is an attempt to distract Latin American citizens from their campaign against American military bases in the region.

  • June 29, 1964

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Premier Zhou Talked about the Relationship between China-Soviet Difference and the National Liberation Movement'

    Account of Zhou's conversation with Kenyan officials, including discussions of the Sino-Soviet debate, imperialist manipulation of the debate, and enhanced US pressure in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.