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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • August 12, 1963

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai, Vice Premier Chen Yi, and Pakistani Ambassador Raza

    Zhou Enlai, Chen Yi, and Ambassador Raza coordinate China and Pakistan's strategies toward the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. They also discuss Sino-American relations.

  • May 19, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Pakistan, 'Reactions to China's Nuclear Test'

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Pakistan describes different responses of Pakistani government officials and foreign government diplomats in Pakistan regarding China's first nuclear weapons test.

  • July 06, 1965

    Note, A. S. Gonsalves to Ministry of External Affairs, 'Nuclear Guarantee'

    Pakistan refutes a nuclear umbrella from the superpowers because she thought it to be inconsistent with the proposal of non-dissemination and denuclearization.

  • August 12, 1966

    Intelligence Note 506 from Thomas L. Hughes to the Secretary, 'Will Communist China Give Nuclear Aid to Pakistan?'

    Intelligence reports about recent visits to Beijing by Pakistani defense and science officials raised questions whether China was or would be providing nuclear aid to Pakistan. The latter was already developing close relations with China, a matter which was of great concern to U.S. policymakers, but INR analyst Thomas Thornton concluded that Pakistan was highly unlikely to seek a significant degree of Chinese nuclear assistance.

  • April 30, 1975

    Telegram from L.L. Mehorta, Charge d’Affaires in Beijing

    China’s stance towards India and Pakistan, and a Pakistani proposal for a nuclear-free zone in South Asia

  • October 24, 1977

    Telegram from K. V. Rajan, First Secretary (Pol), 'Agha Shahi’s meeting with [Cyrus] Vance'

    Reported comments by Agha Shahi’s on relations with the United States, India, and nuclear weapons.

  • June, 1978

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Special Projects Division, 'Proliferation Group Quarterly Report, January – March 1978'

    This issue includes an extract from a recent study on Pakistan and two highly technical articles relating to on-going research to identify the signatures of high explosives used for the implosion method of nuclear detonation. It also includes a report that utilized open literature and classified intelligence, including two satellite photographs, the purpose of the article is to illuminate how the South African Government intended to use the site, down to the depth and thickness of the bore holes.

  • September 01, 1978

    'Next Steps on Pakstani Reprocessing Issue,' US Embassy Paris cable 29233 to State Department

    Summary of a meeting with French non-proliferation advisor Andre Jacoment. Discussion of the consequences of the French government's cancellation of a project to build a plutonium reprocessing plant at Chashma, Pakistan.

  • September 03, 1978

    'Pakistan Reprocessing vs. French Commercial Deals,' Embassy Islamabad cable to State Department

    Report on status of France-Pakistan deal for saviem trucks, which was connected with the recently canceled plutonium reprocessing plant project.

  • September 07, 1978

    'Next Steps on Pakistan Reprocessing Deal,' State Department Cable 227260 to US Embassy France

    The United States wants a public announcement from the French that the Pakistan plutonium reprocessing plant project is officially canceled.

  • September 15, 1978

    'Congressional Consultations on Pakistan,' State Department cable 235372 to US Embassy Vienna

    Plans for meetings with Congress members to discuss resuming aid to Pakistan. Talking points include the cancellation of the French reprocessing plant deal and the importance of Pakistan's position in the Middle East. Also includes discussion of Pakistan's nuclear ambitions, technical capabilities, and the United States' efforts to block their nuclear development.

  • September 19, 1978

    'French Export of Centrifuges for Pakistani Reprocessing Plant,' State Department cable to Paris Embassy 237312

    Request for the Paris Embassy to discreetly look into an export license granted to the French company Robatel to export centrifuges to Pakistan.

  • September 21, 1978

    'Update on French Pakistani Reprocessing Situation,' Paris Embassy cable 31253 to State Department

    Andre Jacomet denied that a license had been issued to Robatel to export centrifuges to Pakistan. He also discussed the possibility of France issuing a higher level demarche on the cancellation of the Pakistan reprocessing plant project.

  • September 23, 1978

    US Embassy Paris cable 31540 to State Department, 'Elysée Views on Reprocessing Issues'

    A source in President Giscard's staff informed the US embassy that Pakistan was determined to complete the reprocessing plant and was searching for another country willing to supply the necessary technology. Also discusses a developing nuclear deal between West Germany and Brazil.

  • November 01, 1978

    'UK Approach to Supplier Governments on Pakistan,' State Department cable 278247 to US Embassy Bonn et al.

    Summary of a British report on problems with the export "trigger list" of the Nuclear Suppliers Group. The list did not include gray area items that could be used in building nuclear facilities. To begin correcting the problem, the British announced a ban of inverter exports and asked other governments to take parallel steps. Also includes a summary of a secret British paper on Pakistan nuclear intentions. The British believed that the “piecemeal” Pakistani purchasing efforts to acquire inverters were directly related to the building of a gas centrifuge unit for producing weapons-grade uranium. Attached to the cable is a 7 November "Memorandum for the Record" discussing sharing this information with the Department of Energy.

  • November 02, 1978

    'Pakistani Reprocessing Plant,' US Embassy London cable 18055 to State Department

    Comments by Robert Alston of the British Foreign Office on the State Department's "non-paper" on Pakistan. He questions the list of countries and expresses concern about the response of states with their own covert nuclear programs, like South Korea and Taiwan.

  • November 02, 1978

    'US Demarche on Pakistani Reprocessing Plant,' US Embassy Paris cable 36143 to State Department

    Comments by French advisor Jacomet on the State Department's demarche on Pakistani nuclear development. Jacomet stated that the French government was planning a similar demarche. He was most concerned about the response of Italy and West Germany.

  • November 02, 1978

    'IAEA Safeguards in Pakistan,' State Department cable 279373 to US Embassy Austria, for US Mission IAEA

    The State Department asks for information on a letter sent by IAEA Director General Eklund to Munir Khan of the Pakistani atomic energy commission. IAEA inspectors in Pakistan should also be alert to "any questionable use of facilities or disposition of safeguarded material."

  • November 04, 1978

    'US Demarche on Pakistani Reprocessing Plant,' Department of State cable 281962 to US Embassy United Kingdom et al.

    U.S. demarche and "non-paper" on Pakistan's attempts to complete the plutonium reprocessing plant and develop nuclear weapons. Sent to 12 countries to ensure that they "exercise vigilance and appropriate control to deter Pakistan from acquiring sensitive facilities."

  • November 06, 1978

    'IAEA Safeguards in Pakistan,' US Embassy Austria cable 10102 to State Department

    Summary of conversation with IAEA official Davi Fischer. Fischer stated that Director Eklund had not yet written to the Pakistani atomic energy commission. He also reported a number of "troubling bits of information" on the situation in Pakistan.