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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • 1960

    Soviet Report, 'Economic Cooperation between Latin America and the Countries of the Socialist Camp'

    In this draft report circa 1960, the Socialist economic position in Latin America is analyzed.

  • September 15, 1960

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Fidel Castro, 31 August 1960'

    Fidel Castro speaks about Cuba's domestic situation since the revolution, plans for holding a Popular General Assembly in Havana in September, and his attitude toward the OAS and American imperialism.

  • September 15, 1960

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Raul Castro, Minister of the Armed Forces, 26 August 1960'

    Raul Castro expresses gratitude for Soviet support in the wake of American intervention in Cuba and discusses the OAS conference of ministers of foreign affairs in Costa Rica.

  • September 15, 1960

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Fidel Castro, Prime Minister of the Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Cuba, 19 August 1960'

    Kudryavtsev and Fidel Castro discuss Soviet support for Cuba.

  • October 16, 1960

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Fidel Castro, 2 September 1960'

    Kudyavtsev and Fidel Castro discuss the rally held the day before where the Havana Declaration was adopted.

  • October 16, 1960

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Raul Castro, Minister of the Armed Forces of Cuba, 30 August 1960'

    Raul Castro discusses the resolution passed by the OAS in Costa Rica and American intentions to invade and support counterrevolutionaries in Cuba.

  • October 27, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 27 October 1960

    A.M. Puzanov informs Ri Jeong-sik of the visit of E. Guevara and the Cuban economic mission to Moscow.

  • November 07, 1960

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Ernesto Guevara, President of the National Bank, 30 September 1960'

    Guevara and Kudryavtsev discuss economic integration between Cuba, the USSR, and other socialist countries in preparation for upcoming trade talks in Moscow.

  • November 07, 1960

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Prime Minister of Cuba Fidel Castro, 15 September 1960'

    Fidel Castro discusses the content of his upcoming speech at the United Nations General Assembly.

  • November 07, 1960

    S. Kudryavtsev to A.F. Dobrynin, 'Record of Conversation with Raúl Roa, Minister of Foreign Affairs, 14 September 1960'

    Kudryavtsev describes a meeting with Raul Roa where they discussed Khrushchev and Fidel Castro's meeting in New York City.

  • November 08, 1960

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Ernesto Che Guevara, Director of the National Bank of Cuba'

    Guevara and Kudryavtsev economic integration between Cuba and the Soviet Union and other socialist countries and the lack of support shown by Latin American governments to the US at the Costa Rica conference.

  • January 11, 1961

    Record of Conversations between Soviet Ambassador to Cuba Sergey Kudryavtsev and Che Guevara

    A record of two conversations between Soviet Ambassador to Cuba Sergey Kudryavtsev and Che Guevara, recorded in Kudryavtsev's diary. They discuss economic relations and financial trades, especially the Cuban purchase of Soviet gold. They also discuss how mobilization in Cuba has led to a decrease in the activity of the counterrevolutionaries, as well as the possible military intervention from the United States.

  • January 30, 1961

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Cuba Sergey Kudryavtsev and Che Guevara

    A record of a conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Cuba Sergey Kudryavtsev and Che Guevara, recorded in Kudryavtsev's diary. They discuss financial transactions being made between the Cuban and Soviet governments, gold and currency reserves, the U.S. economic blockade of Cuba, and more on U.S.-Cuban relations.

  • February 15, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Minister of Defense of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Cuba Raul Castro, 2 February 1961'

    Kudryavtsev and Raul Castro discuss the work of Soviet specialists in the MInistry of the Armed Forces in Cuba.

  • February 15, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Prime Minister of Cuba Fidel Castro Ruz, 21 January 1961'

    Fidel Castro discusses the conditions of the Cuban economy and militia and expresses his belief that Cuba-United States relations are heading in a positive direction.

  • March 22, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba Fidel Castro Ruz, 21 February 1961'

    At a screening of the film "Two Hours in the USSR," Kudryavtsev informs Fidel Castro that after analyzing the remnants of the US rockets handed over to the Soviets by the Cubans, Soviet scientists have determined that Soviet rocket technology is superior to that of the Us.

  • March 22, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryaytsev, ‘Record of Conversation with the Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba, Fidel Castro, 25 February 1961’

    Fidel Castro endorses Khrushchev's reaction to events in the Congo and agrees to support the Soviet Union in seeking to reorganize the structure of the UN. Castro discusses the presence of counterrevolutionaries aided by the United States in Escambray.

  • April 26, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Prime Minister Fidel Castro Ruz and President Osvaldo Dorticos Torrado, 22 April 1961'

    Kudryavtsev delivers the text of Khrushchev's reply to Kennedy's April 18 message, and Dorticos and Fidel Castro praise the text of the message and Soviet support for Cuba. Kudryavstev infroms Castro of the granting of the Cuban governments request for various military equipment, including aircraft and specialists, from the Soviet Union.

  • April 26, 1961

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Cuba Sergey Kudryavtsev and Che Guevara

    A record of a conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Cuba Sergey Kudryavtsev and Che Guevara, recorded in Kudryavtsev's diary. They discuss the U.S. policy toward the revolutionary government of Cuba. Guevara says that U.S. President Kennedy's recent speech, in which he said the U.S. would not take direct military action in Cuba, was an effort to portray the U.S. in a positive light on the eve of Cuban discussions in the UN, and to ameliorate opinions of the U.S. in other Latin American countries.

  • April 28, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba Fidel Castro Ruz, 13 April 1961'

    Kudryavtsev and Fidel Castro discuss several points of business, including Soviet support Cuba against American aggression, an upcoming agricultural exchange between Cuban students and Soviet specialists, the establishment of a communications network that bypasses New York, and plans for the Cuban Minister of Public Works to visit the Soviet Union. Castro expresses optimism that the US will not launch a direct miliary invasion of Cuba, but is wary over smaller acts of terrorism and sabotage by the US and counterrevolutionaries.