May 22, 1948
Soviet Military Order from Foreign Operations Section Chief to Commander of East-Asian Operational Section Managarov
Soviet military message ordering its recipient to ascertain the needs of the People's Liberation Army, so that the Soviet Union can meet them. The message also contains affirmations of Soviet support for the Communist forces in China, and promises of massive aid in the future.
July 06, 1948
Soviet Military Order from Operations Chief, Section Chief Lieutenant General Filyashev/Filyashkii to Commander of East-Asian Operational Section General Lieutenant Managarov
Soviet military order informing the Chief of East-Asian Operational Section General Lieutenant Managarov of the arrival of a Lieutenant General Fedenko, who will take over operational command. It orders Managarov to continue to attend to supply line matters, and attend to the needs of the People's Liberation Army eagerly.
Cable, Joseph Stalin to Anastas Mikoyan
Cable from Stalin to Mikoyan giving answers to questions raised by Mao Zedong. Stalin advises not to rush in creating a government in China before comprehensively "clearing the liberated area from hostile elements." Stalin explains that the USSR sent an agent to Canton for intelligence-gathering, and says that the Americans and English are sending ambassadors to CCP areas to function as spies.
November 07, 1949
Memorandum of Conversation of Soviet Ambassador Roshchin with Deputy Chairman Zhu De on 24 October 1949
Conversation between Soviet Ambassador Roshchin and Commander of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Zhu De. Zhu De notes that PLA progress through Southern China is meeting little resistance, although it is slowed by the lack of available gasoline. De puts forth his opinion that Chinese success in Xinjiang will depend on mechanized agricultural aid from the Soviets.
November 13, 1951
Ciphered Telegram from Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong via Krasovsky, Along with a Message to only Krasovsky
Stating that the Soviet government believes that the security of communications in North Korea should be carried out mainly by fighter aircrafts, which is why it is highly recommended to speed up the construction of airfields so that Chinese aircrafts can be there. Stalin also reports that sending three fighter jet divisions on MiG-9 planes would be impossible because the planes are out of production, and there are no more of them in the field.
June 24, 1954
List of Changes to Agreements between China and the Soviet Union
An agreement proposal sent by Zhang Wentian to Vyacheslav Molotov. The proposal concerns changes to an agreement between China and the Soviet Union concerning Soviet economic and technical assistance to China. Particular attention is paid to aiding in the Chinese defense industry, assistance in developing thermal power plants to meet China's growing needs of electricity, and the economic development of several provinces in China.
January 31, 1955
Address by Zhou Enlai at the Plenary Session of the Fourth Meeting of the State Council (Excerpt)
Zhou Enlai addresses the State Council citing a need for China to "master atomic energy." The Chinese program is far behind in this area, but plans to catch up with the help of Soviet technical assistance.
Letter, Deputy Chair of the Far Eastern Branch of the Soviet Academy of Sciences Aleksei Vasil’evich Stozhenko
Stozhenko, a geography professor, writes to a friend concerning komandirovka (work-related travel), science education in China, and the sometimes bad behavior of Soviet advisors in China. He warns that “gluttonous eating, sleeping in luxury rooms, and traveling in the international car at the expense of the PRC is not helping things.”
January 15, 1956
Request by the Chinese leadership to the Soviet Leadership for Help in Establishing a Chinese Nuclear Program
Request by Chinese leaders to the Soviet leadership for technical and scientific aid in establishing a nuclear program in the People's Republic of China, including exchange programs for Chinese scientists, building of scientific labs in China, and providing specialized education for Chinese students.
January 17, 1956
Letter, V. Akshinskii, Deputy Secretary at the Soviet Embassy to China, Regarding the Behavior of Soviet and Czech Specialists in China
USSR ambassador on the freely and offending conduct toward the Chinese people of the Czech specialists employed with their Soviet counterparts in Shanghai.
April 23, 1956
Chinese Communist Party Central Committee Circular concerning the Transfer of Cadres and Workers to Participate in Atomic Energy Development Work (Excerpt)
A Chinese Central Committee circular stresses the need for China to develop a healthy uranium prospecting and mining industry, and to transfer technical and administrative cadres to work with Soviet experts.
November 22, 1956
Diary of Soviet Ambassador P.F. Yudin, Memorandum of Conversation with Liu Shaoqi of 30 October 1956
Liu Shaoqi discusses the potential withdrawal of Soviet advisors from China. Although the Chinese government was considering sending back some specialist, they did not want the abrupt removal of all specialists as happened in Yugoslavia. Liu Shaoqi also brings up the 1956 uprisings in Hungary and Poland, saying that such events were a “useful lesson for the entire communist movement.”
November 26, 1956
Letter, Boris Polevoi to the CC CPSU, Mistakes Regarding Social Ties with China
Soviet writer Boris Polevoi writes to the Central Committee concerning "a series of very serious mistakes" in Soviet social and cultural relations with China. These mistakes include the lack of a Soviet edition of the "Society for Chinese-Soviet Friendship" placed in the capital of the Soviet republics, the extravagant behavior of Soviet delegates in China, and evidence of China as being referred to as an inferior partner in the Soviet Union. Resetting these mistakes might strengthen Sino-Soviet public relations.
April 02, 1957
Letter, to the Deputy Chair of the Soviet of Ministers, M.G. Pervukhin, Regarding Radio Technology
Soviet Minister Pervukhin writes regarding assistance to the Chinese with the set up of radio equipment and technical specialists. They also need assistance with maintaining tropical equipment, and he suggests sending specialists to the Paris Exhibition to learn more.
July 11, 1957
Handwritten Letter from Nie Rongzhen to Zhou Enlai on the Development of the Atomic Energy Industry
A letter to Zhou Enlai informing him that the industrial development plan for China's atomic energy program has not been finalized and that the technical agreement with the Soviet Union must be delayed.
August 12, 1957
Letter from Zhang Wentian to the Soviet Chargé Concerning the Development of the Atomic Energy Industry
A letter from the Chinese Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs to the Soviet Chargé informing him that revisions must be made to the “Agreement on the Provision of Technical Assistance from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics to the People’s Republic of China in Establishing an Atomic Energy Industry,” and that until it is revised the delivery of technical equipment should be delayed.
September 11, 1957
Protocol No. 1 of the Joint Meeting of the Delegations of the Soviet Ministry of Defense Industry and Representatives of the Chinese People’s Republic
Minutes from a meeting on Sino-Soviet efforts at defense planning and collaboration. Chinese defense officials looked for Russian help in the production of guided missiles, and the document illustrate their efforts to collaborate in the education and preparation of specialists, the staffing of military research institutes, the construction of defense-related factories, and the sharing of technology.