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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 03, 1959

    Report of Conversation with the General Secretary of the CCP CC, Deng Xiaoping

  • July 17, 1961

    Memorandum of Conversation between Jozip Broz Tito and George F. Kennan

    Kennan reports on a conversation with Tito where they discussed the upcoming Belgrade Conference of Non-Aligned States.

  • July 26, 1961

    Report on the 1st conference of the non-aligned countries of September 1st, 1961 sent by Tahmaz Beqari, the Albanian ambassador in Belgrade, to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Albania

    The conference of non-aligned countries in Belgrade was organized when Indonesia and other countries of Asia and Africa were attempting to organize a Second Bandung Conference. Tito and Nehru, trying to minimize the influence of China in the Asian and African countries, initiated a conference that they called the Conference of Non-Aligned Countries in Belgrade. The document discusses the 24 participating countries, the agenda, the proceedings, the different groups among the delegation and the two main documents that the conference adopted: the manifesto and the declaration. The manifesto, titled “The Danger from the War and the Call for Peace,” according to the Albanian ambassador, was adopted in a revisionist spirit, calling on Khrushchev and Kennedy to maintain peace. Meanwhile, the declaration criticized colonialism and imperialism. The Belgrade conference did not decide on any specific issues and did not reach any important conclusions. In Albania, a week after the conference, the journal “Zeri i Popullit” (Voice of the People) wrote an article in which it identified Tito as an agent of imperialism and stated that Yugoslavia was not an non-aligned country as it participated in the Balkan Pact.

  • September 04, 1961

    Telegram from the Albanian ambassador in Budapest, Edip Cuci, to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Albanian ambassador reports that the Hungarian press published Khrushchev’s message to the Belgrade conference of non-aligned countries and excerpts of different speeches by participants of the conference. Hungarian television showed excerpts from the conference as well.

  • November 02, 1963

    Telegram from Ambassador J.N. Khosla, 'Proposed Non-Aligned Conference' and 'Tito’s Tour of the Americas (Continued)'

    Yugoslavia accepted a proposal for a second non-alignment conference, but was "not to keen" on it. Further details of Tito's tours through Bolivia, Mexico and the United States.

  • June 26, 1964

    Report on the 1st and 2nd Conference of Non-Aligned Countries

    According to this report, the African and Asian countries were not satisfied with the 1st Belgrade conference and were trying to call what is known today as the 2nd non-aligned conference in Bandung. Tito and Nehru also reiterated the need for the 2nd conference of non-aligned countries in order to undermine the attempts of the former in initiating the effort. According to the Western press, Nehru took the initiative and sent his Vice-Foreign Minister, Dinish Sing, to Cairo and Belgrade where he met Nasser and Tito, both of whom were expecting him. Tito called for more participants from Africa, Asia, and Latin America. According to Tito’s recommendation, on March 23, 1964, in Colombo, Ceylon, the preparatory meeting was held on the ambassadorial level of Asian, African, and Latin American countries about the upcoming conference. The Soviet Union expressed its support for this conference in Soviet media. The report reveals the following to be discussed topics at the conference: peace, peaceful coexistence, resolution of disputes without the use of force, disarmament, etc. The Albanian government supports the conference of non-aligned countries in principle, but it does not show enthusiasm and avoids promoting the conference in Albania, in the media, and in the international arena. In addition, the report stresses that Albanian diplomats are ordered to follow the Ministry’s guidelines in order to maintain specific policies targeted at each Asian and African country individually.

  • April 02, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and the President of Pakistan Ayub Khan

    Zhou, Ayub Khan, and Zulfikar Bhutto discuss the Vietnam War, China's relations with the US and the Soviet Union, the Second Asian-African Conference, and the Non-Aligned Movement.

  • September 18, 1973

    Message from the President of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Kim Il Sung, to the President of the [Socialist Federal] Republic [of Yugoslavia], J.B. Tito

    At the conclusion of the 4th Non-Aligned Conference in Algeria, Kim congratulates Tito on the success of the conference, and requests his support for the adoption of the resolution on the ‘Korean problem’ at the United Nations.

  • May 23, 1974

    Letter and Message from the President of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Kim Il Sung, to President Josip Broz Tito

    Kim Il Sung asks Tito to help put pressure on the US to have direct talks with the DPRK. He also describes his efforts to build strong relations with the Third World.

  • March 01, 1975

    Message from the President of the [Democratic People's] Republic of Korea, Kim Il Sung, to the President of the [Socialist Federal] Republic [of Yugoslavia], Josip Broz Tito

    In remarks conveyed to Tito, Kim Il Sung asks for the support of Yugoslavia in admitting the DPRK into the Non-Aligned Movement with full membership. Elsewhere, he expresses his recognition of Non-Aligned politics, especially the role of Yugoslavia and President Tito in the international community.

  • June 28, 1975

    Message from the President of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Kim Il Sung, to the President of the [Socialist Federal] Republic [of Yugoslavia], Josip Broz Tito

    Kim Il Sung asks President Tito to influence President Suharto so that Indonesia will help with the DPRK’s admission into the Non-Aligned Movement, while at the same time opposing the efforts of South Korea. He thanks Tito for the hospitality shown during his recent visit to Yugoslavia.

  • September 10, 1975

    Oral Message from the President of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Kim Il Sung, to the President of the [Socialist Federal] Republic [of Yugoslavia], Josip Broz Tito

    Kim Il Sung offers thanks for Yugoslavia’s active support of the DPRK in the Non-Aligned Movement. Elsewhere, he expresses gratitude that the DPRK has a great friend in President Tito and the people of Yugoslavia.

  • January 22, 1976

    Oral Message from the President of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Kim Il Sung, to the President of the [Socialist Federal] Republic [of Yugoslavia], Josip Broz Tito

    Kim Il Sung wishes President Tito a good recovery. Kim expresses the need for the further consolidation of the results of his visit to Yugoslavia the previous year. Kim wishes to express his opinion on the upcoming Non-Aligned Movement summit and Tito’s upcoming visit to Latin America.

  • March 06, 1976

    President Tito's Response [to Kim Il Sung's Message of January 22, 1976]

    Tito discusses the importance of the fifth summit of the Non-Aligned Movement.

  • March 25, 1976

    Message from the President of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Kim Il Sung, to the President of the [Socialist Federal] Republic [of Yugoslavia], Josip Broz Tito

    Kim shares his opinion with the preparations for the upcoming fifth Non-Aligned Movement summit in Colombo. Elsewhere, he discusses issues in Korea and problems related to South Korea.

  • August 01, 1976

    Message from the President of the DPR Korea, Kim Il Sung, to the President of the [Socialist Federal] Republic [of Yugoslavia], Josip Broz Tito

    Kim expresses regret that he could not attend the Non-Aligned Movement summit in Colombo. He notes that the Prime Minister, Pak Seong-cheol, will attend in his place. Elsewhere, he discusses the political situation in South Korea, and the work of the summit.

  • November 17, 1976

    Response of the President of the [Socialist Federal] Republic [of Yugoslavia], J.B. Tito [to Kim Il Sung's Message of August 1, 1976]

    Tito expresses his apologies that he could not visit DPRK just after the Non-Aligned Movement summit.

  • April 11, 1977

    Oral Message from the President of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Kim Il Sung, to the President of the [Socialist Federal] Republic [of Yugoslavia], Josip Broz Tito

    Kim is grateful for Yugoslavia’s past and continued assistance on the unification issue. Elsewhere, he discusses the economic and political situation in Korea, a hostile incident caused by the South Korean army, and other issues relating to the unification of Korea. He is also pleased that Tito’s upcoming visit to Pyongyang has been agreed upon.

  • April 13, 1977

    Telegram 066567 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the discussion of bilateral relations between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, especially regarding the expansion of trade and technological cooperation.

  • June 14, 1977

    Bilateral Relations between the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the filming of a documentary in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in preparation for Tito's visit.