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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 01, 1949

    Memorandum of Conversation between Anastas Mikoyan and Zhou Enlai

    Anastas and Zhou Enlai discuss Muslims in China, Chinese policy in inner Mongolia, the Guomindang navy, Guomindang forces, characteristics of Guomindang leaders, PLA arms, PLA military requests, PLA intelligence, and the organization of the war ministry. (Evening)

  • February 06, 1949

    Memorandum of Conversation between Anastas Mikoyan and Mao Zedong

    Anastas Mikoyan and Mao Zedong discuss Outer Mongolia, the Sino-Soviet treaty, the situation of the national minorities in China, the economic policy of the CCP, the structure of state power, the head of the Chinese government, the "new situation" and the cadres, the Soviet loan to China, the CCP CC plans for February-March, and the youth movement.

  • October 19, 1956

    Briefing on the Visit to China of Pakistani Prime Minister Suhrawardy (No. 3)

    The premiers of Pakistan and China convene to discuss Taiwan, Pakistani-Chinese relations, Mao's leadership, and the Muslim population in China, among other issues.

  • February 08, 1961

    Record of Conversation from Chairman Mao’s Reception of French Senator François Mitterrand

    Mao Zedong and Francois Mitterrand discussed interests and conflicts over the Algeria Revolution and sought ways to peacefully reconcile differences.

  • April 21, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Handling the Issue of Border Residents Fleeing from Yili and Tacheng to the Soviet Union'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry directs border guards in Xinjiang to interface with Soviet counterparts.

  • April 21, 1962

    Cable from the Department of Consular Affairs, Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'On the Flight of Border Residents from Yili and Tacheng'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry asks why individuals in Xinjiang are crossing the border into the Soviet Union.

  • April 21, 1962

    Telephone Reporting Points from Comrade Xu Huang, Deputy Director of the Department of Consular Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Chinese official Xu Huang reports possible reasons for the exodus of Uyghurs and Kazakhs from Xinjiang.

  • April 21, 1962

    Cable from the Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Office, 'Report on the Flight of Border Residents from the Yili and Tacheng Areas to the Soviet Union'

    The Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Office offers one of the first accounts of the cross-border flight of Uyghurs and Kazakhs.

  • April 24, 1962

    Memorandum Given to Vice Minister Zhang Hanfu by the Soviet Ambassador (Translation)

    The Soviet Union states that, as of April 24, at least 10,000 individuals from Xinjiang have crossed into the USSR.

  • April 24, 1962

    Memorandum Given to the Soviet Ambassador by Vice Minister Zhang Hanfu

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry protests the cross border flight from Xinjiang.

  • April 24, 1962

    Minutes of Vice Minister Zhang Hanfu’s Talk with the Soviet Ambassador to China Stepan Chervonenko

    Zhang Hanfu and Stepan Chervonenko spar over the flight of Uyghurs and Kazakhs from Xinjiang to the Soviet Union.

  • April 25, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Representations between China and Soviet Union on the Flight of Ethnic Minority Residents from Xinjiang’s Border Areas to the Soviet Union'

    The Foreign Ministry alerts Xu Huang and other officials in Xinjiang as to the status of the talks between Zhang Hanfu and Ambassador Chervonenko.

  • April 25, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Representations between China and Soviet Union on the Flight of Ethnic Minority Residents from Xinjiang’s Border Area to the Soviet Union'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry alerts Ambassador Liu Xiao to ongoing talks between China and the Soviet Union over the mass flight from Xinjiang.

  • April 26, 1962

    Reporting the Contents of Vice Minister Zhang Hanfu’s Discussion with the Soviet Ambassador on 24 April 1962

    The Foreign Ministry alerts the Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Department and Party Committee of ongoing talks with the Soviet Union.

  • April 27, 1962

    Data on the Citizenship Problem in the Conflict between the Xinjiang Region and the Soviet Union

    A detailed Chinese reports on the history of Soviet citizens in Xinjiang.

  • April 29, 1962

    Response to the Soviet Side’s Memorandum of 29 April on the Mass Exodus of Xinjiang Chinese Residents to the Soviet Union

    The Chinese Government rejects the Soviet position on the flight of 60,000 Uyghurs and Kazakhs from Xinjiang to the USSR.

  • April 29, 1962

    Minutes of Vice Minister Zhang Hanfu’s Discussion with Soviet Ambassador to China Chervonenko

    Zhang Hanfu and Ambassador Chervonenko continue the debate over the Yi-Ta incident.

  • April 30, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Representations concerning the Flight of Ethnic Minority Residents from Xinjiang’s Border Areas to the Soviet Union'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry alerts authorities in Xinjiang to the status of the Zhang Hanfu-Chervonenko talks.

  • April 30, 1962

    The Soviet Document which the Soviet Ambassador Personally Presented to Vice Minister Zhang Hanfu (Translation)

    A Soviet account, presented to the Chinese Foreign Ministry of the cross border exodus in Xinjiang.

  • May 29, 1962

    Report on the Operations of the Work Team of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Public Security over the Past Week

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry and Public Security Ministry report on political developments in Xinjiang since the mass exodus of citizens to the Soviet Union.