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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 27, 1950

    Telegram from Feng Xi (Stalin) to Matveyev (Razuvayev V.N.) and T.F. Shtykov

    Stalin blames the recent success of the UN forces in Seoul on the inefficiency of the KPA’s Frontline Command and Soviet military advisors, as well erroneous use of tank tactics and overall combat strategy. Stalin provides a detailed list instructing military advisors, and especially Vasilyev, how to delpoy and manage Korean troops around Seoul.

  • October 06, 1950

    Telegram from Gromyko and Vasilevsky to Stalin, attaching draft cable to Shtykov

    In a telegram to Stalin, Vasilevsky and Gromyko ask for consideration concerning the attached recent draft cable to Shtykov, stating approval for Shytkov’s call for the evacuation of Soviet advisers, personnel and families and, in case of emergency, all Soviet citizens from Korea.

  • October 09, 1950

    Telegram from Kim Il Sung to Stalin (via Shtykov)

    Kim Il Sung requests that Koreans living in the Soviet Union be trained there for service in the Korean Army, explaining that the strong presence of the American military in Korea will not allow for on-site training. Shytkov attached his support of Kim’s request in this telegram to Stalin.

  • December 20, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 20 December 1955

    Nam Il and Ivanov discuss the agricultural tax and the issue of Soviet Koreans in the Party. In another meeting, Pak Jeong-ae assures Ivanov that the KWP CC is going to widely disseminate translations of speeches made by Bulganin and Khrushchev.

  • February 24, 1956

    Excerpts from Tsedenbal's diary on his conversation with Soviet leader Anastas Mikoyan on Soviet Economic Cooperation and Aid to the People's Republic of Mongolia (Fragments)

    Tsedenbal's diary entry on his conversation with Anastas Mikoyan regarding Soviet economic aid and cooperation with the Mongolian People's Republic. Tsedenbal asks Mikoyan to forgive upcoming payments due and provide additional materials and Soviet workers for construction of railroads. Mikoyan tells Tsedenbal that the Soviets will help, but that Mongolia must prepare its own workforce and not be dependent on Soviet or Chinese help. The two also discuss trade issues and Chinese designs on Mongolia.

  • June 24, 1957

    Minutes of the Meeting of the CPSU CC Plenum on the State of Soviet Foreign Policy

    The Soviet leadership discusses the state of Soviet foreign policy after the Hungarian crisis and Khrushchev’s visit to the US. Molotov criticizes Khrushchev for recklessness in foreign policy direction. Soviet inroads in the Middle East and the Third World are analyzed. The effects of the crises in Eastern Europe are placed in the context of the struggle against US imperialism.