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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 19, 1978

    Draft Letter from Honecker to Brezhnev on Ethiopian-Eritrean Talks, 19 April 1978

    The letter is written by Honecker to inform Brezhnev about talks that were held between Aforki (Eritrea) and Mengistu (Ethiopia). The talks focused on the development of autonomy for the Eritreans.

  • May 11, 1978

    Memorandum of Conversation between [SED] Comrade Friedel Trappen and Soviet Comrade R. A. Ulyanovsky in the CC of the CPSU

    The conversation focused on the negotiations between Ethiopia and the Eritrean Liberation Movement. The talks were focusing on how the Eritreans could obtain a certain degree of regional autonomy

  • June 09, 1978

    Winkelmann to Hermann Axen

    Winkelman is describing a recent speech by Mengistu, the leader of Ethiopia

  • June 19, 1978

    Memorandum of Conversation between Grabowski and Sinitsin in Moscow

    Describes a conversation that covers a speech Mengistu gave on June 14 and also a general discussion of the Horn of Africa. It focuses on international support to the different parties involved

  • November 25, 1980

    Hungarian Embassy in Ethiopia, Telegram, 25 November 1980. Subject: DPRK-Ethiopian relations.

    The status of diplomatic relations between Ethiopia and North Korea are discussed in this telegram. The then-recent Somali-Ethiopian conflict is brought up, and there is evident misgiving on Ethiopia's part regarding North Korean relations with Somalia.

  • May 14, 1981

    Memorandum of Conversation between Senén Casas and Dmitri Ustinov

    General Senén Casas was Cuba’s first deputy minister of defense; Marshal Dmitri Ustinov was the Soviet minister of defense.

  • June 06, 1988

    East German Ministry of State Security, 'The Current Situation in PDRE [People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia] and the Region'

    Stasi report on the current state of Ethiopian-Eritrean conflict as of early June 1988. It concludes that in the event of Mengistu turning toward Moscow for additional arms supplies, the latter is likely to reject them in favor of a political solution to the conflict.

  • July, 1988

    'Information About the Highlights of a Brief Working Visit to the USSR (25-27 July This Year [1988]) of the General Secretary of the WPE CC, the President of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Mengistu Haile Mariam'

    Soviet authorities inform their Hungarian allies of the outcome of Mengistu’s August 1988 visit to Moscow. Mengistu has ignored Soviet pleas to find a peaceful solution to the Eritrean conflict.

  • May 21, 1991

    CPSU CC Report, 21 May 1991

    This report deals with the political crisis in Ethiopia and Eritrea. It also concerns Soviet plans to settle the conflict.