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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • May 21, 1947

    Letter from Homi Bhabha to Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Director Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar

    A letter from Dr. Bhabha to Dr. Bhatnager arguing for the establishment and a small experimental pile of fissile material and its benefits, including operational and training experience

  • May 28, 1948

    Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Director Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar to Bhabha

    A letter from S.S. Bhatnagar to Dr. Bhabha informing him of the creation of a Ministry of Scientific Research.

  • September 22, 1954

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on the Disarmament of Conventional or Atomic Weapons

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Deputy Minister for External Affairs, Shri ANil K. Chanda, on whether or not India will present before the United Nations Disarmament Commission.

  • March 03, 1956

    Excerpt from Papers Prepared by the Historical Division on Antarctica

    Antarctica is a strategic location with abundant natural resources and thirty countries are involved in research there.

  • May 16, 1956

    Bhabha and Jawaharlal Nehru Correspondence on Indian Nuclear History

    A series of letters between Dr. Bhabha and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru covering a wide range of subjects, including the appropriate venues to voice opinions, the status of the Colaba site, meeting with the Pakistan Association for the Advancement of Science, and issues with coordination between the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Ministry of Education on scientific research and education. Also includes a copy of a letter from The Tokyo Shimbun requesting Dr. Bhabha’s presence at a forum discussing the justifiability of American hydrogen bomb tests in the Pacific.

  • May 31, 1957

    Department of State Office of Intelligence Research, 'OIR Contribution to NIE 100-6-57: Nuclear Weapons Production by Fourth Countries – Likelihood and Consequences'

    This lengthy report was State Department Bureau of Intelligence and Research's contribution to the first National Intelligence Estimate on the nuclear proliferation, NIE 100-6-57. Written at a time when the United States, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom were the only nuclear weapons states, the “Fourth Country” problem referred to the probability that some unspecified country, whether France or China, was likely to be the next nuclear weapons state. Enclosed with letter from Helmut Sonnenfeldt, Division of Research for USSR and Western Europe, to Roger Mateson, 4 June 1957, Secret

  • July 14, 1959

    Telegram from Foreign Secretary Subimal Dutt to the India Embassy in Buenos Aires on Antarctica

    Dutt explains the reasoning behind holding a discussion of Antarctica at the UN.

  • September 02, 1960

    Note, Homi Bhabha to Shri Y. D. Gundevia

    Homi Bhabha writes to Prime Minister Nehru about India's international status as a country possessing a plutonium plant but not a nuclear weapons program.

  • April 25, 1962

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on the Export of Nuclear Weapons and Proliferation

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs, Shrimati Lakshmi Menon, on the Indian government's opposition to United States export of nuclear weapons.

  • May 11, 1962

    Lakshmi Menon's Statement Before Rajya Sabha on the Swedish Resolution on Non-Dissemination of Nuclear Weapons

    Transcription of Lakshmi Menon's statement on the Swedish Resolution on Non-Dissemination of Nuclear Weapons and India's position on the resolution.

  • September 26, 1962

    Report by the Department of External Affairs, Disarmament Unit, 'India and Nuclear Disarmament'

    this document describes India’s overall stances towards nuclear disarmament

  • 1963

    Message, J.C. Ajmani, Deputy Secretary (DIS), 'Subject: Resolutions adopted by the 52nd Inter-Parliamentary Conference held in Belgrade (Yugoslavia) in September 1963'

    The Indian government compares the final resolution to the draft resolution with which they agreed and states their position towards the final resolution

  • 1963

    Report on Indian Foreign Policy and Nuclear Disarmament

    Over the years, in the United Nations and elsewhere, India has patiently and persistently continued her efforts to help in finding a solution for the global nuclear disarmament

  • May 02, 1963

    Message, P.L. Bhandari, Embassy of India, Mexico City, 'A Nuclear-Free Zone for Latin America'

    Mexico proposed that all Latin American countries ban the installations of nuclear bases on their soil.

  • June 23, 1963

    National Intelligence Estimate NIE 4-63, 'Likelihood and Consequences of a Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Systems'

    This NIE comes to the general conclusions that “there will not be a widespread proliferation of nuclear weapons over the next 10 years” and discusses programs in various countries (Israel, China, Sweden, India, West Germany, Japan, etc.) This copy includes newly declassified references to the Israeli nuclear weapons program, including the conclusion that “the Israelis, unless deterred by outside pressure, will attempt to produce a nuclear weapon some time in the next several years.”

  • August 02, 1963

    Letter, Homi Bhabhi to Jawaharlal Nehru

    Homi Bhabha writes to Prime Minister Nehru to convey that the Chinese nuclear test will be of no military significance and Chinese possession of a few bombs will not make any difference to the military situation. In order to counter the Chinese bomb’s psychological-political impact, Dr. Bhabha argues that India needs to be in a position to produce the bomb within few months.

  • October 01, 1963

    Political Report on Mexico for September 1963, L. Bhandari, Ambassador to Mexico, 'Atom-Free Zone'

    Mexico will continue its drive to establish Latin America as a region where atomic weapons are outlawed and testing forbidden

  • November 26, 1963

    Office Memorandum, J.C. Ajmani, Deputy Secretary, (DIS), 'Subject: Inter-Parliamentary Conference held in Belgrade (Yugoslavia) in September 1963 – Resolutions'

    Lok Sabha Secretariat wishes to confirm that the India’s position in regard to the two resolutions on the creation of denuclearized zones and on the Moscow Agreement

  • 1964

    Message from P. K. Patnaik, Deputy Secretary, 'Inter-Parliamentary Conference held in Belgrade (Yugoslavia) in September, 1963, Resolutions'

    The last conference of the Inter-Parliamentary Union adopted a resolution regarding the creation of denuclearized and limited armaments zone

  • January 01, 1964

    Report by Shri S. Sinha, Director (EARC) – Ministry of External Affairs, 'Brief Analysis of the propagandist statements on disarmament and nuclear-free zone made by the Peoples Republic of China'

    The Peoples Republic of China supports disarmament and a nuclear-free zone in the Asian and Pacific Regions strictly for tactical reasons