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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 17, 1955

    From the Journal of Ambassador Pavel Yudin: Record of Conversation with Mao Zedong on 8 January 1955

    A conversation with Soviet Ambassador to China Pavel Yudin and Mao Zedong concerning then-current Sino Soviet relations. Topics included commitment of Party cadres to the Marxist-Leninist ideal, a meeting in Jakarta between prime ministers of India, Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka (then Ceylon), and Indonesia, and how to counterbalance the United States in Asia and Africa.

  • January 28, 1955

    Mao Zedong, 'The Chinese People Cannot Be Cowed by the Atom Bomb'

    Mao Zedong spoke to the Finnish Ambassador Carl-Johan Sundstrom on the history of Chinese wars with European powers and states that China and Finland have had friendly relations. He then addressed the possibility of the U.S. waging an atomic war over Taiwan and how Chinese would respond. Finally, Mao foreshadowed the downfall of U.S. and British ruling classes to the end of tsarist Russia and Chiang Kai-shek should the United States enter another world war.

  • March 12, 1955

    From the Journal of Ambassador Pavel Yudin: Record of Conversation with Mao Zedong on 8 March 1955

    A conversation between Soviet Ambassador to China Pavel Yudin and Mao Zedong. Topics of discussion included the writing of an article for Pravda regarding Lenin's influence of the Chinese Revolution, the Gao Gang Affair, and the recent break between Josip Tito's Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union.

  • May 25, 1955

    From the Journal of Ambassador Pavel Yudin: Memorandum of Conversation with Mao Zedong, 25 May 1955

    A conversation between Mao Zedong and Soviet Ambassador to China Pavel Yudin. Among topics of discussion were developments on the Gao Gang Affair and anti communist activities in China.

  • May 30, 1955

    From the Journal of Ambassador Pavel Yudin: Memorandum of Conversation with Mao Zedong on 30 May 1955

    A conversation held between Soviet Ambassador to China Pavel Yudin and Mao Zedong. The discussion primarily concerned the activity of the peasantry in China joining collective farms, the development of the agricultural sector of the economy, and Chinese food aid to India and Burma.

  • June 17, 1955

    From the Journal of P. F. Yudin: Note of Conversation with Comrade Mao Zedong on 25 May 1955

    Mao discusses several Chinese reactionary figures, including Hu Feng, Gao Gang and Rao Shushi.

  • June 30, 1955

    Conversation of Mao Zedong and the Yugoslav Ambassador V. Popovic

    Conversation between Mao Zedong and Yugoslav Ambassador Popovic. Mao explains that the delay in China's recognition of Yugoslavia was because China was waiting for Yugoslavia and the USSR to mend their relations. Emphasizes the need for Communist unity and cooperation.

  • December 21, 1955

    From the Journal of Pavel F. Yudin: Record of Conversation with Mao Zedong on 21 December 1955

    Mao Zedong discusses the progress of collectivizing agriculture in China as well as the state takeover of private industries in cities.

  • February 24, 1956

    Excerpts from Tsedenbal's diary on his conversation with Soviet leader Anastas Mikoyan on Soviet Economic Cooperation and Aid to the People's Republic of Mongolia (Fragments)

    Tsedenbal's diary entry on his conversation with Anastas Mikoyan regarding Soviet economic aid and cooperation with the Mongolian People's Republic. Tsedenbal asks Mikoyan to forgive upcoming payments due and provide additional materials and Soviet workers for construction of railroads. Mikoyan tells Tsedenbal that the Soviets will help, but that Mongolia must prepare its own workforce and not be dependent on Soviet or Chinese help. The two also discuss trade issues and Chinese designs on Mongolia.

  • April 05, 1956

    From the Journal of Ambassador P. F. Yudin, Record of Conversation with Mao Zedong, 31 March 1956

    Soviet Ambassador Yudin discusses the 20th Congress of the CPSU with Mao, including Khrushchev's "secret speech" denouncing Stalin and his cult of personality. Mao had already seen a copy and discusses mistakes in Stalin's policy towards China at length.

  • April 20, 1956

    Ciphered telegram, excerpt from cable from Soviet Ambassador to the PRC P. Yudin re meeting with Mao Zedong

    Excerpt of telegram from P. Yudin, Soviet Ambassador to the PRC, reporting to Moscow on a conversation he had with Mao Zedong. Mao allegedly stated that there had been miscalculations prior to the commencement of the Korean War that international actors would not intervene on behalf of South Korea.

  • April 25, 1956

    Talk by Mao Zedong at an Enlarged Meeting of the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee Politburo (Excerpts)

    Mao speaks to the Central Committee Politburo about the need to develop an atomic bomb to avoid being "bullied," but stresses that this can only happen if economic development increases simultaneously.

  • September, 1956

    Minutes, Mao’s Conversation with a Yugoslavian Communist Union Delegation, Beijing, [undated]

    Mao apologizes to Yugoslavian Communist Union Delegation for poor relations in the past, citing pressure from Stalin and the Soviet Union as the primary reason.

  • September 18, 1956

    Conversation records between Chairman Mao Zedong and the Soviet Communist Party Delegation, 18 September 1956

    Mao Zedong and the Soviet Community Party Delegation exchanged views on Korean issues and a potential visit by Kim Il Sung to the PRC.

  • September 19, 1956

    Draft of Record of a Meeting between the Soviet and Chinese Delegations

    Mao Zedong reveals that several Korean Workers' Party members have been placed under arrest, including Pak Il-u, who is looked favorably upon by the CCP. Sino-North Korean relations have become strained as a result of Kim Il Sung's handling of the August incident. Mao admits to Mikoyan that the KWP leadership may not heed their advice, but they decide to send a joint delegation to Pyongyang the next morning.

  • September 24, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation between Mao Zedong and the Delegation of the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party and Comments on the Distribution of the Memorandum of Conversation

    Mao Zedong meets with a delegation from the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party, and Mao encourages the Mongolians to pursue industrialization and the building of public works. It is also suggested that the two countries increase their diplomatic relations through the building of a Mongolian consulate.

  • October 19, 1956

    Briefing on the Visit to China of Pakistani Prime Minister Suhrawardy (No. 3)

    The premiers of Pakistan and China convene to discuss Taiwan, Pakistani-Chinese relations, Mao's leadership, and the Muslim population in China, among other issues.

  • January 27, 1957

    Speech, Mao Zedong, 'On Sino-American and Sino-Soviet Relations'

    According to Mao, it would be beneficial for China to wait until after the Third Five-Year Plan to establish a relationship with the United States. In regards to the Soviet Union, he discusses the arrogance of the Soviets as a result of their abundant natural resources, and the “inevitable” disputes between the Communist parties in each country.

  • April 15, 1957

    Record of Conversation between Polish Premier J. Cyrankiewicz and Chinese Leader Mao Zedong, 8 April 1957

    Mao Zedong and Cyrankiewicz discuss industrial planning, international economic cooperation, and the economic situation in each of their respective countries.

  • May 12, 1957

    Brief Summary of Conversation between Comrade Mao Zedong and the Delegation of the People’s Assembly of the People’s Republic of Albania

    Comrade Mao mentioned that the communism belief closely united western and eastern countries in the socialist camp, and the Asian, African and Arab states are our allies in the war against imperialism. Comrade Rita answered Mao's questions about Albania's domestic situation, such as religion and domestic consumptions. Mao also depicted Chinese ancient tale the Monkey King to Rita, explaining the revolution situation in China.