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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 22, 1945

    Letter from Alihan Tore to Commander-in-Chief Marshal Stalin

    Shakirjan praises Stalin and the Soviet Union, emphasizing that the Ili rebels' victory over the Chinese government is contingent on the continued receipt of Soviet aid.

  • April 24, 1945

    Letter from Special Agent in Charge E. E. Conroy to FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover

    Further investigation into a proposed organization for the exchange of Soviet and American films is not considered necessary.

  • April 24, 1945

    Mao Zedong, 'On Coalition Government'

    Mao Zedong defines the Chinese Communist Party's foreign policy for the post-war world, announcing that "China can never win genuine independence and equality by following the present policy of the Kuomintang government."

  • April 29, 1945

    Report from L. Beria and A. Vyshinsky to Cde. I.V. Stalin

    Beria and Vyshinsky summarize the prevailing conditions in the Ili District of Xinjiang, describing the equipment and foodstuffs seized by the rebels, the extent of Chinese army losses, and the provisional government headed by Alihan Tore Shakirjan. Urging Stalin to support the Ili Muslims' liberation movement, they offer suggestions for future actions in support of the rebel army.

  • May, 1945

    Al Kaf al Aswad (The Black Hand) Society

    Short document with information on the Palestinian Islamist organization the Black Hand society, its foundation and development, etc.

  • May, 1945

    Continuation of the Report of the Xinjiang GMD Committee to the 6th GMD Congress: A Description of the Work Being Done

    The Xinjiang Committee of the Guomindang offers a report on political, economic, military, and social developments in Xinjiang.

  • May 01, 1945

    The Communist Party of China over the Last 10 Years: A Secret Brochure of the GMD Issued on 1 May 1945

    The Chinese Nationalist Party (Guomindang) offers an historical overview of its military and political struggle with the Chinese Communist Party, while also summarizing the international contacts of the CCP since 1935.

  • May 02, 1945

    Memorandum by Sir Orme Sargent, Deputy Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office, to Winston Churchill

    Sir Orme Sargent suggests that the recent Soviet hardening towards Great Britain is due to the influence of Stalin's ministers; connects chilled relations with situation in Austria and Poland.

  • May 08, 1945

    Act of Military Surrender, Germany

    English text of the official act of military surrender to the Allied and Soviet forces signed by German High Command.

  • May 11, 1945

    Letter from L. Beria to Cde. I.V. Stalin

    Molotov reports that he is sending Stalin a letter from Alihan Tore Shakirjan, the Chairman of the Provisional Government of East Turkestan.

  • May 28, 1945

    Report concerning the Work of the Xinjiang Provincial Party Comittee from January 1943 through March 1945

    A report on the Xinjiang Provincial Party Committee, from its founding in 1943 through early 1945.

  • June 02, 1945

    Letter from L. Beria to Cde. I.V. Stalin of the State Defense Committee and Cde. V.M. Molotov of the Council of People's Commissars

    Beria describes a meeting between NKVD Lt. Col. Prokopyuk and Shakirjan at which Shakirjan suggested renewing active rebel operations, emphasizing that the lack of combat is beginning to demoralize the Muslim population.

  • June 04, 1945

    Notes by Wilhelm Pieck on a Consultation with Stalin, Molotov, Zhdanov

    Meeting notes on the situation in Germany.

  • June 08, 1945

    Cable, Summary of Averell Harriman Meeting with Stalin and Molotov

    Harriman updates the President on the adverse relations between the USSR and the United States; observes that Stalin cannot understand the United State's interest in establishing an independent Poland.

  • June 10, 1945

    Decree by the USSR Council of People's Commissars on the Organization of Soviet Industrial Enterprises in Northern Iran

    A decree with plans for construction of various factories and enterprises in northern Iran under the organization of the Azerbaijan SSR.

  • June 21, 1945

    Decree of the State Defense Committee on Geological Prospecting Work for Oil in Northern Iran

    A decree on prospecting and drilling for oil in Northern Iran, detailing the exact plans of the Soviet Union.

  • June 21, 1945

    Decree of the USSR State Defense Committee No 9168 SS Regarding Geological Prospecting Work for Oil in Northern Iran

    Decree ordering '"Azneft" [Azerbaijani Oil] Association to supervise geological prospecting for oil deposits in northern Iran under the direction of Narkomneft, the USSR Oil Ministry.

  • June 22, 1945

    Exceprt on Xinjiang from Minutes No. 46 of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings

    The CPSU Central Committee announces various measures to support the rebels in Ili, Xinjiang, and the East Turkestan Republic (ETR).

  • June 28, 1945

    Record of I. V. Stalin's Conversation with Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia Z. Fierlinger and Deputy Foreign Minister V. Clementis

    Stalin and Fierlinger discuss the issues of Transcarpathian Ukraine, tobacco in Czechoslovakia, American troops in Czechoslovakia, the Teshin Region, and the development of the Czechoslovak army.

  • June 30, 1945

    Meeting between Marshal Stalin and Dr. Soong

    Stalin and Chinese Minister Soong discuss the necessity of warm relations between China and the Soviet Union; Stalin pledges to support China's position.