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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 28, 1979

    High-Level Group Report on Modernization of NATO Nuclear Forces

    Report by High-Level Group (HLG) to NATO secretary general outlining recommendations for the modernization and deployment of NATO theater nuclear forces. 3 Appendices. A: Deployment and Personnel; B: Military Effects militari; C: Selected Long-Range Systems balance - Ground-based systems.

  • October 24, 1979

    MAE cable report on Breznev's speech in East Berlin

    MAE report on the strategic value of Breznev's speech in East Berlino (6 ottobre 1979) concerning NATO nuclear forces modernization, the "negative guarantees" issue towards non nuclear countries, and unilateral withdrawal of Sovietici military personnel from the DRG.

  • November 16, 1979

    Rinaldo Petrignani, NATO Deputy Secretary General), Speech to the Atlantic Council's Seminar of Study, Cini Foundation; Venezia, 15th-17th November 1970, 'NATO, Western Europe's security and the issue of SS-20 missiles'

    Vice Secretary General of NATO Rinaldo Petrignani sends PM Giulio Andreotti a report from the meeting of the Italian Atlatic Committee regarding Western European security situation and the threat posed by political and military modernization in the Soviet Union, and in particular, the introduction of SS20 missiles.

  • October 11, 1980

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Vincenzo Tornetta to Ministry of Foreign Affairs Colombo, 'US strategic doctrine's update and consequences for the defense of Europe'

    Report from the Italian permanent representative to NATO Tornetta to Foreign Minister Colombo regarding the new directive of President Carter (PD-59) on the use of strategic nuclear systems. According to Tornetta PD-59 represents a significant change in the balance between the superpowers and the allied defense posture in Europe.

  • October 15, 1980

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Vincenzo Tornetta to Minister of Foreign Affairs Colombo: Atlantic Council - Consultations about security in view of the CSCE meeting to be held in Madrid"

    Report from the Italian permanent representative to NATO, Tornetta, from the CSCE meeting in Madrid discusses the French proposal for a Conference on Disarmament (CDE) in Europe, and the negative impact of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan on the international climate, even giving rise to disagreement among NATO members.

  • February 15, 1983

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Tornetta to Minster of Foreign Affairs Colombo, 'Perspectives about Atlantic defense for the 1980s'

    Italy's pemanent representative to NATO, Vincenzo Tornetta, reports to foreign minister Colombo about the prospects of NATO's 1980s defence strategy. He offers an overview of the developments of the Alliance, and discusses topical questions including euromissiles and anti-war movements in Europe, and calls for increased openness and willingness to negotiate with the East.

  • April 29, 1983

    MAE DAP Memo on INF and START

    MAE DAP memo on prospective US-USSR INF and START negotiations, Soviet position and objectives, role of Europe in promoting an intermediate solution for INF. The paper addresses also the issue of the deployment in Western Europe of Pershing II and Cruise missiles, and discusses consultation in Atlantic Council with amb. E. Rowny on European role question in START talks.

  • May 17, 1983

    MAE DAP Memo on INF

    MAE DAP memo on resumption of negotiations on INF. Observations on Allied negotiating position regarding an intermediate solution. Discussion of the Soviet position (press conference by Foreign Minister Gromyko, statements by Secretary-General PCUS Andropov): The paper also discusses the issue of French and British national nuclear deterrents, deployment of Euro-missiles and Soviet SS-20, comments Allied countries and perspectives on the negotiations.

  • December 05, 1983

    Telegram by Ambassador Rinaldo Petrignani, 'Prospects of resuming the FNI negotiations'

    Italian Ambassador to Washington, Rinaldo Petrignani, volunteers his views on the interruption of the INF negotiations, and their possible relaunch. He states that Italy's firm and coherent position vis-à-vis the missile debate has improved its standing internationally, and highlights the crucial importance of maintaining strong transatlantic relations.

  • December 08, 1983

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Notes for the discussion: East-West relations'

    This report is part of a wide documentation prepared by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the meeting of the Atlantic Council in Brussels in December 1983. A central theme is the installation of the INF in Western Europe and the consequent interruption of the INF treaty negotiations in Geneva by the USSR.

  • December 08, 1983

    Note by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Ministerial session of the Atlantic Council - State of the Alliance'

    These notes from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs analyze the current state of the alliance. The document offers an overview of recent positive and negative developments , focusing on the issue of restarting the INF negotiations.

  • March 01, 1984

    Telegram by the Ambassador to the United States Petrignani to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Prospects of resuming the FNI negotiations'

    Ambassador Petrignani reports his conversation with Vice Secretary of State Burt following Kissinger's interview in Time where he talks about NATO's crisis and need for burden sharing reform. Burt distances the current administration from Kissinger's views, stating instead that euro-american relations are "in good health", and there is no need for drastic measures.

  • May 23, 1984

    Report by Ambassador Petrignani to Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    Ambassador Petrignani analyses US economic and foreign policy in light of the upcoming presidential election . He predicts a narrow victory for Reagan, and discusses its potential implications on future foreign policy.

  • May 26, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'UEO - Updated positions of the Seven about the relaunch of the Organization - Preparatory works of the Ministerial Council in June'

    Following the presentation of a memorandum on the revival of WEU (31 January 1984), there appears to be substantial agreement on deepening European cooperation in the field of security. The document describes national positions of member countries.

  • May 29, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Situation of the Atlantic Alliance'

    Part of Foreign Ministry's documentation about the Ministerial Session at the NATO council meeting in Washington, May 1984. It dicusses strategic parity, current state of alliance, and its cohesion vis-à-vis Warsaw Pact.

  • May 29, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Problems related to security and disarmament'

    This document describes the problems related to security and disarmament in East-West relations. The Soviet intransigence combined with lack of consensus among the NATO states makes reopening nuclear disarmament negotiations difficult.

  • June 03, 1984

    Telegram by Ministry of Foreign Affairs to various Embassies of Warsaw Pact countries, 'Ministerial session of the Atlantic Council'

    This telegram from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the embassies in Warsaw Pact countries dicusses the outcomes of the Atlantic Council meeting in Washington, May 1984. It offers an overview of the current state of the alliance and prospects for East-West relations.

  • June 12, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Visit of NATO's Secretary General Lord Carrington (12th June, 1984)'

    A short summary from the ministerial session of the Atlantic Council in Washington. The focus of the discussion is on the role of NATO in East-West relations, CSCE, and the problem of INFs.

  • July 24, 1984

    Telegram by Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Permanent Representative to NATO, 'Survey about the non-military cooperation among allies in the light of Article Two'

    Proposal drafted by the Italian Foreign Ministry for a new Declaration of Atlantic Relations focused on the non-military aspects of the Alliance. It suggests elaborating Article 2 to improve inter-ally cooperation in non-military sectors.

  • November 15, 1984

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'European cooperation in the field of armaments'

    This analysis focuses on the state of European security cooperation, discussing both common defense and coordination of military production. It criticizes the lack of unity, complexity of the current configuration, and its negative impact on transatlantic relations.