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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 02, 1989

    Letter from Ahmad Shah Masoud to Soviet First Deputy Foreign Minister and Special Afghanistan Envoy Yuli Vorontsov

    Afghan opposition leader Ahmad Shah Masoud sends a defiant letter in response to Soviet overtures.

  • November 05, 1989

    Letter from Afghan President Najibullah to CPSU General Secretary Mikhail S. Gorbachev (Excerpt)

    Najibullah requests for technical aid and additional supplies from the USSR to support the war in Afghanistan.

  • December 11, 1989

    Letter from CPSU General Secretary Mikhail S. Gorbachev to Afghan Government

    Gorbachev discusses the necessity of intra-Afghan peace talks. At the same time, the Soviet Union will provide military assistance, weapons, and aircraft to Afghanistan to retaliate against opposition.

  • August 23, 1990

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with President of Afghanistan Najibullah

    Gorbachev and Najibullah discuss the instability in the Soviet Union following perestroika reforms, and the comparatively quiet situation in Afghanistan following the withdrawal of Soviet troops.

  • July, 1991

    Memorandum, 'An Analysis of the “Islamic factor” in the Afghan Situation' by A. Belousov, Deputy Chairman of the Tajik SSR KGB

    Analysis of US support to opposition mujaheddin forces in Afghanistan and related attempts to use Islamic ideology to destabilize the Soviet Central Asian republics.

  • 1999

    USSR Ministry of Defense and General Staff Operations Groups in Afghanistan

    A status report from the USSR Ministry of Defense and General Staff Operations Group, providing a summary of Soviet troops levels in Afghanistan.

  • 1999

    Dossiers of political parties intent on exporting an Islamic revolution

    A Dossier reviewing the origins and policies of Islamic political parties, including: The Organization of Fighters of Afghanistan for Islam, The Movement of the Islamic Revolution (DIR), The Council of Islamic Accord (SIS), The Islamic Movement of Afghanistan (IDA), The United Front of the Islamic Revolution (OFIR), The Corps of Guardians of the Islamic Jihad of Afghanistan (KSIRA), The Party of Victory (“Nasr”), The Party of Allah (“Hezbe Allah”).

  • 1999

    Dossiers of rebel field commanders

    A Soviet analysis of counterrevolutionary commanders in Afghanistan.

  • 1999

    Dossiers of Alliance-7 Rebel Leaders

    Background information on political leaders in Afghanistan who fought against Soviet occupation.

  • April, 2004

    KGB Active Measures in Southwest Asia in 1980-82

    Materials provided by former KGB archivist Vasili Mitrokhin to CWIHP, following the publication of the Working Paper No. 40, "The KGB in Afghanistan." As with all Mitrokhin’s notes, his compilation on Soviet “active measures” in South and Southwest Asia is based on other smuggled-out notes and was prepared especially for CWIHP. Please read the Notes on Sources for information on the nature and limitations of these documents.