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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 02, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and Pakistan's Foreign Minister Bhutto

    Zhou and Bhutto discuss the Second Asian-African Conference, as well as the potential for a rapprochement between China and the Philippines.

  • April 02, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and the President of Pakistan Ayub Khan

    Zhou, Ayub Khan, and Zulfikar Bhutto discuss the Vietnam War, China's relations with the US and the Soviet Union, the Second Asian-African Conference, and the Non-Aligned Movement.

  • April 05, 1965

    Cable from Zhu Qiwen, 'The Vietnamese Side passing on the Soviet Communist Party’s Proposal regarding the Holding of a Three-Party Summit among the Soviet Party, and the Vietnamese Party, and the Chinese Party'

    Zhu Qiwen reports on possible Soviet motives in proposing a three-party meeting between North Vietnam, China, and the Soviet Union.

  • April 10, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'Recent Responses from the Soviet Revisionists to the Situation in Vietnam'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow offers a critical assessment of Soviet policy toward Vietnam.

  • April 17, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'Signs of the Soviet Union’s False Anti-Imperialism and False Support for Vietnam'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reviews the local press for signs of Soviet policy toward Vietnam and Cambodia.

  • April 19, 1965

    Minutes of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and Premier Kim Il Sung

    The United Arab Republic and Algeria do not support Vietnam, and Sukarno agrees to speak at the Asian-African Conference.

  • April 20, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to China S. V. Chervonenko and Chinese Prime Minister Zhou Enlai on 13 April 1965 (excerpt)

    Zhou Enlai, in a conversation with Soviet Ambassador to the PRC, S. V. Chervonenko, draws parallels between the Algerian War for independence and the struggle of the Vietnamese people. Zhou Enlai recounts his conversation with Algerian leader Ben Bella about the Vietnam War.

  • April 20, 1965

    Minutes of Conversation between Premier Zhou and Bhutto

    Bhutto shares with Zhou the results of Ayub Khan's visit to the Soviet Union. He also discusses the problems that the Sino-Soviet split has created for Pakistan, Soviet military aid to India, and the Vietnam War.

  • April 23, 1965

    Intelligence Note from Thomas L. Hughes to the Secretary, 'Will Communist China Assist Other Nations in Acquiring Nuclear Weapons?'

    Only months after China’s first nuclear test in October 1964, INR looked into whether Beijing would help other nations get the bomb.

  • April 23, 1965

    Transcript of the Discussions on the Occasion of the Reception of Soviet Ambassador I. K. Zhegalin by Comrade Nicolae Ceausescu

    This transcript of conversations that occurred during the reception of I K. Zhegalin by Nicolae Ceausescu discusses the letters between the CPSU C.C. and the C.C. of the Chinese C.P. on the situation in Vietnam (Democratic Republic) and the Soviet Union's plans to celebrate the 20th anniversary of Germany's surrender.

  • April 25, 1965

    Note by the East German Embassy in Hanoi on a Conversation with Ambassadors of the Other Socialist States in the Soviet Embassy on 2 April 1965

    During the conversation, it is said that the United States is increasing its attacks and overall involvement in the Vietnam conflict. Additionally, Soviet Ambassador Shcherbakov tells Pham Van Dong how the Chinese continue to evade giving aid to Vietnam because they fear attack from the Americans.

  • April 28, 1965

    Record of Telephone Conversation, 'Xinjiang’s Plan to Hold an Exhibition of Evidence against the Soviet Revisionists'

    Chinese officials decide not to lend "original evidence" of the Soviet Union's subversive activities to the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

  • April 28, 1965

    Cable from the Department of Consular Affairs, Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Xinjiang’s Plan to Hold an Exhibition of Evidence against the Soviet Revisionists'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry weighs in on whether or not Xinjiang should hold an anti-Soviet exhibit during the 15th anniversary celebrations of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

  • May 10, 1965

    Letter from Zhang Aiping, et al., to Zhou Enlai and Luo Ruiqing on the Nuclear Test

    On May 10, Chinese military officials confirm that they are prepared to detonate an aerial nuclear explosion but, due to unfavorable weather conditions, must postpone the test until May 12 or 13.

  • May 10, 1965

    Chinese Ambassador to Burma Geng Biao discusses India's Proposal for the Establishment of an Asian-African Armed Forces with the Burmese Foreign Minister

    Burmese Foreign Minister U Thi Han stated that Burma had not been aware of India's proposal on forming an Asian-African armed forces, but Burma would champion justice and see through India's scheming.

  • May 11, 1965

    Letter from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong on the Nuclear Test

    Zhou Enlai informs Mao Zedong that favorable weather conditions will allow them to carry out the aerial nuclear test explosion. An official statement for the press has also been prepared.

  • May 12, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou and Nguyễn Minh Phương

    Zhou Enlai and Nguyen Minh Phuong discuss the possibility of convening an international conference on Cambodia.

  • May 12, 1965

    Note by the East German Embassy in Hanoi on a Joint Conversation with the Ambassadors from other Socialist Countries in the Hungarian Embassy on 4 May 1965

    Soviet Ambassador Ilya Shcherbakov informs a meeting of Socialist Ambassadors of Soviet-Vietnamese talks in Moscow. He notes that the United States realizes it does not have the international support for Vietnam that it had expected, and that the Soviet Union will continue to support Vietnam in the struggle. He argues that there is still much anti-Soviet propaganda in Vietnam, which comes from the Chinese, and points out three positions of the Chinese that he does not understand.

  • May 15, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Bulgaria, 'Reflections on China’s Second Nuclear Test'

    The Chinese Embassy in Bulgaria reports how representatives from throughout the socialist bloc in Bulgaria responded to China's second nuclear test.

  • May 15, 1965

    Cable from the Military Attache of the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'Reactions to China's Second Nuclear Explosion'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports reactions from students and military personnel in the USSR to China's second nuclear test.