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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • 1989

    Letter from Rajiv Gandhi to M. S. Gorbachev

    Letter from Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi to Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev asking him to personally intervene on behalf of a project to create an atomic submarine in India.

  • 1989

    Information on the Order of Implementing Military Technical Cooperation of the USSR with Foreign Countries

    List of responsibilities allocated to the USSR Council of Ministers, CPSU Central Committee, Ministry of Foreign Economic Connections, and other relevant ministries on issues relating to the implementation of military technical cooperation between the USSR and foreign countries.

  • January, 1989

    Memo Regarding the Issue of the Lease of a Soviet Nuclear Submarine to India

    This document discusses potential political repercussions of the Soviet Union's lease of a nuclear submarine to India vis-a-vis Pakistan and the USSR's global status.

  • 1989

    Conversion of the Workforce Engaged in the Defense Industry and Related Areas

    List of survey questions intended to help the International Labour Organization (ILO) determine possibilities for conversion of the workforce engaged in the defense industry as well as the broader implications of decreasing military expenditures.

  • 1989

    Meeting between Saddam and Senior Iraqi Officials Discussing the Execution of British Journalist Farzad Bazoft, Modifications to Iraq's Constitution, and an Israeli Attack on Iraq's Nuclear Reactor

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and his officials to discuss changes to the Iraqi constitution. Also includes discussion about British Journalist Farzad Bazoft who was arrested as an Iranian spy working for Israel and Britain.

  • January 11, 1989

    CPSU Central Committee Resolution, 'On an Answer to an Address from the International Organization of Labor on Questions of Conversion and Defense Industry and Related Areas'

    The CPSU Central Committee directs relevant departments in the Soviet government to review questions from the International Labor Organization on conversion in the defense industry.

  • January 27, 1989

    E. Shevardnadze, D. Yazov, and V. Kamentsev to Comrade M.S. Gorbachev

    Minister of Foreign Affairs E. Shevardnadze, Minister of Defense D. Yazov, and Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers V. Kamentsev discuss Soviet military committments in the Warsaw Pact and various bilateral agreements on friendship, cooperation, and mutual assistance in a letter to Mikhail Gorbachev.

  • February 01, 1989

    Ciphered Telegram No. 19, Embassy of Hungary in the Soviet Union to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Lengthy report on India's current domestic and foreign policies. Includes discussion of India's upcoming parliamentary elections and preparations by Rajiv Gandhi and the Congress Party. Foreign relations in Asia with countries such as China, Cambodia, and Afghanistan are discussed, as well as India's involvement in disarmament talks through the Six Nation Five Continent Peace Initiative. Lastly, India's relationship with the Soviet Union in foreign policy and trade is described.

  • February 13, 1989

    Ciphered Telegram No. 41, Embassy of Hungary in Pakistan to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Short report on a recent Pakistani missile test based on information from an Indian official. India does not believe Benazir Bhutto's statement that Pakistan's nuclear program is peaceful. Includes speculation on China's involvement in the program. Pakistan has also approached contacts in Hungary about obtaining nuclear technology.

  • February 25, 1989

    Letter from United States Mission to NATO to Permanent Representative of Italy Francesco P. Fulci with two attachments on 'US Position on SNF' and 'Status of US-FRG Discussions on SNF'

    The US permanent representative to NATO, Alton Keel, sends his Italian counterpart Fulci two brief documents about NATO's short-range nuclear forces.

  • February 26, 1989

    Memorandum of Conversation between George H.W. Bush and Zhao Ziyang

    George H.W. Bush and Zhao Ziyang discuss Sino-American relations and China's reform and opening, in addition to the situations in Korea, India, Pakistan, and the Soviet Union.

  • March 10, 1989

    Letter by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    Italy's permanent representative to NATO, Fulci, writes to foreign minister Andreotti following NATO's 1989 Wintex-Cimex exercise. His analysis suggests that the exercise revealed inefficincies in NATO's deterrence and flexible response strategy,

  • March 25, 1989

    Letter to Gorbachev from Shevardnadze, Yazov, and Kamentsev on Obligations for Military Assistance

    In this letter, Shevardnadze, Yazov, and Kamentsev discuss the Soviet Union's obligations to provide military assistance to their treaty partners, and the differences between treaties.

  • April 01, 1989

    Telegram by Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Perlot) to Permanent Representative to NATO, 'Declaration of the Atlantic Summit'

    The Foreign Ministry offers the Italian Permanent Representation to NATO guidelines to discussing a new Atlantic Declaration. The telegram describes the unique state of East-West relations, and calls for openness and political dynamism from the Alliance members.

  • April, 1989

    Committee for State Security (KGB), 'About Results of Intelligence Activities to Note Indicators for a Surprise Nuclear Missile Attack'

    This report from the KGB contains results from intelligence activities conducted in April 1989 aimed at exposing indicators of a surprise nuclear missile attack on the USSR.

  • May 02, 1989

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The Wintex-Cimex '89 Exercise in its nuclear aspects. Evolution, peculiarities and implications'

    NATO's Deputy Secretary General Marcello Guidi writes to Foreign Minister Andreotti at the end of his term volunteering his rather optimistic views on the developments in East-West relations and NATO during the past three years. Key topics include disarmament, the German question, and the future role of NATO.

  • May 11, 1989

    Soviet Record of Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and US Secretary of State J. Baker

    Gorbachev and Baker discuss cuts in tactical nuclear weapons.

  • May 22, 1989

    G. Berdennikov, 'Information on Agreement of the Draft CPSU Central Committee Resolution "On a Conception of Military Cooperation with (Non-Socialist) Foreign Countries"'

    List of CPSU Central Committee members approving the draft of a resolution "On a conception of military cooperation with (non-Socialist) foreign countries."

  • June 23, 1989

    CPSU Central Committee, 'On a Conception of Military Cooperation with Foreign (Non-Socialist) Countries'

    An introductory note to the CPSU Central Committee Resolution on military cooperation with non-Socialist countries.

  • June 27, 1989

    Letter from NATO Deputy General Secretary Marcello Guidi to Minister Andreotti

    NATO's Deputy Secretary General Marcello Guidi writes to Foreign Minister Andreotti at the end of his term volunteering his rather optimistic views on the developments in East-West relations and NATO during the past three years. Key topics include disarmament, the German question, and the future role of NATO.