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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 26, 1966

    Letter from Nicolae Ceausescu to Comrade Wladislaw Gomulka, First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers Party, Warsaw

    This letter is the response of Nicolae Ceausescu to Wladislaw Gomulka to his letter of January 5th, in which he states that he does not wish to involve Romania in the relations between China and Poland, but requests to be kept informed of the Vietnamese response to the outreach effort of the Warsaw Pact and Asian socialist countries.

  • January 27, 1966

    Note on Two Conversations with the Minister Counselor of the North Vietnamese Embassy, Comrade Hoan Muoi, on 26 January 1966, in the Cuban Embassy, and on 27 January 1966, on the Occasion of a Farewell Visit to Our Embassy [Excerpts]

    Minister Counselor of the DRV Embassy Hoan Muoi expresses his belief that there will be no international conference on Vietnam until there is a reconciliation between the USSR and China. He asserts that Kruschev damaged the world Communist movement, but also that China's objections to Soviet aid to Vietnam are unjustified.

  • January 27, 1966

    Note of Conversation Regarding Audience of Leslie Charles Glass, the Ambassador of Great Britain in Bucharest, with Comrade Nicolae Ceaucescu, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Rumanian Communist Party

    This conversation occurs between Leslie Charles Glass, British Ambassador to Bucharest,and Nicolae Ceaucescu, and discusses the Western wariness of China, but also the favorable view held by Britain toward Romania's passive, but friendly, relations with China.

  • March 31, 1966

    Discussion of Comrade Nicolae Ceausescu with A. N. Shelepin, at a Dinner Offered by the CPSU CC, in Honor of the Foreign Delegations at the 23rd Congress of the CPSU

    This transcript is of a conversation between Nicolae Ceausescu and A. N. Shelepin discussing Romania's continued aid of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the cold relations between Romania and the Chinese Communist Party.

  • March 31, 1966

    Embassy, Havana, Report on the State of the Cuban Communist Party

    In a report on the Cuban Communist Party, Bulgarian Embassy counselor S. Cohen discusses strengths and concerns with the Cuban goverment. The Cuban revolutionary movement debunked the theory of geographically determined fatalism, but also displays a strong dependence on the Latin American liberation movement (e.g. Jose Mari, Simon Bolivar) for inspiration instead of socialist principles. Cohen reports negative developments including the Cuban government’s growing ambition to rule the Third World revolutionary movement and strong belief in the Cuban armed struggle as a template for all national liberation movements. The Cuban delegation strongly endorsed armed struggle as the only means of socialist advancement at the Tricontinental Conference recently held in Havana. Bulgaria must remain close with the Cuban government to help it develop economically and mature politically.

  • April 13, 1966

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai, Deng Xioaping, Kang Sheng, Le Duan and Nguyen Duy Trinh

    China stresses the importance of Chinese aid in Vietnam, while pointing out Vietnam’s seeming mistrust; Vietnam relies on Chinese support.

  • April 26, 1966

    Telegram of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the Romanian Embassy in Beijing Regarding the Stopover in Beijing by the Romanian Governmental Delegation Led by Emil Bodnaras on their Return from the Visit in D. R. Vietnam

    This telegram sent by member of the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, P. Silard, to the Romanian Embassy in Beijing informs of the planned visit of a Romanian delegation to Hanoi, Vietnam and requests that the delegation briefly visit Beijing and present their greetings to the Chinese Communist Party.

  • April 28, 1966

    Report of the Panel on US Government Radio Broadcasting to the Communist Bloc

    Panel commissioned by the White House and comprised of Zbigniew Brzezinski, William E. Griffith, John S. Hays, and Richard S. Salant recommends continuation of RFE and RL as covertly funded objective news services, along with VOA and RIAS, discontinuation of public solicitation of private financial donations to RFE, and (Hays dissenting) establishing a Radio Free China

  • May 10, 1966

    Telegram from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Regarding the Conversation of Petre Balaceanu with Dean Rusk Referring to the War in Vietnam

    This telegram, sent from the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the Romanian Embassy in Beijing, informs the ambassador of US Secretary of State Dean Rusk's assertion that the US does not wish to extend the Vietnam War, but will not tolerate the occupation of South Vietnam by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

  • May 11, 1966

    Transcript of Conversation Between Emil Bodnaras, Leader of Government and Party Delegation Visiting the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, and Zhou Enlai, Prime Minister of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China

    This document is a transcript of the conversation between Emil Bodnaras, Leader of Government and Party Delegation Visiting the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and Chinese leader, Zhou Enlai, in which they discuss their relations with various countries including the Soviet Union and France, and the Vietnam issue.

  • May 12, 1966

    Conversations Between Emil Bodnăraş, Romanian Party and Government Delegation Leader, and Zhou Enlai, Prime Minister of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China in Beijing (excerpts)

    Bodnaras and Enlai discuss both Romania and China's strained relations with the Soviet Union.

  • May 25, 1966

    Telegram from Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the Romanian Ambassador to The Democratic Republic of Vietnam

    This telegram informs of the meeting between the Chinese and the Romanian delegation regarding the Chinese view of the Romanian Communist Party and the Workers' Party of Vietnam.

  • May 27, 1966

    Excerpts from Leonid Brezhnev's May 1966 Speech on Talks with Kim Il Sung

    Excerpts from Leonid Brezhnev's speech at the CC CPSU Plenum on the morning of May 27, 1966, in which he discusses his visit to North Korea and meetings with Kim Il-Sung, as well as Soviet and North Korea relations with North Vietnam, China, and Japan.

  • June, 1966

    Memorandum of Conversation, between the Delegation of the People’s Republic of China, Led by Comrade Zhou Enlai, and the Leadership of the Party and Government of the People’s Republic of Albania [Excerpts]

    Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai meets with a delegation from Albania, and discusses with them Mao Zedong's 'Ten Theses on the Work in the Village.' The Albanians reaffirm their belief in the philosophical teachings of Mao, especially about opposing the dangers of revisionism. The group agrees that there were points at which Stalin was wrong, but that it would be wrong to publicly proclaim it.

  • July 08, 1966

    Telegram from East German Deputy Foreign Minister Hegen to Ulbricht, Stoph, Honecker, and Axen

    Telegram from the GDR ambassador to China, Bierbach, assesses the Chinese position in the Vietnam conflict. He states that China aims to exacerbate the conflict for it's own gain; by pushing theDRV to action in the South, it focuses its efforts in the North, with minimal risk of conflict with US troops. Specifically, Bierbach believes China is attempting to instigate a conflict between the US and the USSR.

  • July 09, 1966

    Note on a Conversation with the First Secretary of the Soviet Embassy, Comrade Sverev, on 8 July 1966 from 11:00 a.m. to 12:40 p.m. at the Soviet Embassy in Hanoi

    Conversation with First Secretary of the Soviet Embassy, Sverev, describing the Vietnamese attitude toward China as becoming colder. At the same time, printing of China's anti-Soviet propaganda has become more limited and the Vietnamese appear grateful for Soviet aid. Sverev also estimates that there are over 200,000 Chinese troops stationed in North Vietnam.

  • July 10, 1966

    Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with Japanese, Cuban, Brazilian, and Argentinian Friends

    Mao calls for the people of Asia, Africa, and Latin America to unite against American imperialism.

  • August 02, 1966

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on Chinese Nuclear Tests and their Immediate Effects on the Indian Population

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Prime Minister Shrimati Indira Gandhi on the dangerous effects of the Chinese nuclear tests on the Indian population.

  • August 09, 1966

    On the Korean War, 1950-1952, and the Armistice Negotiations

    A survey of Soviet and Chinese involvement in the Korean War compiled in 1966 by an unidentified members of the staff of the Soviet Foreign Ministry archive. The apparent purpose of this internal history was to provide background information for the small group of Soviet officials who were at that time engaged in discussions with the People’s Republic of China and North Vietnam over possible Soviet assistance to the Viet Cong in their war with the United States.

  • August 12, 1966

    Intelligence Note 506 from Thomas L. Hughes to the Secretary, 'Will Communist China Give Nuclear Aid to Pakistan?'

    Intelligence reports about recent visits to Beijing by Pakistani defense and science officials raised questions whether China was or would be providing nuclear aid to Pakistan. The latter was already developing close relations with China, a matter which was of great concern to U.S. policymakers, but INR analyst Thomas Thornton concluded that Pakistan was highly unlikely to seek a significant degree of Chinese nuclear assistance.