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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • March 14, 1972

    US Embassy Canada Cable 430 to State Department, 'India’s Nuclear Intentions on South Asia Situation'

    Elaborating on his earlier cable and responding to the general issues raised by the Department’s 9 March message, science attaché Hudson questioned Lauren Gray’s evaluation of Sethna, suggesting that by combining “guile” and “technical proficiency,” the latter could easily have “easily misled” the Canadian. Based on consultations with a variety of Canadian insiders with knowledge of and experience with the Indian nuclear program, the Embassy saw no technical or fiscal barriers to an Indian test. Moreover, any pressure on India not to test would increase the “likelihood” of that happening.

  • March 24, 1972

    State Department Cable 50634 to US Embassy Canada, 'Indian Nuclear Intentions'

    Further discussions with the Canadian embassy counselor disclosed Ottawa’s view that it had no evidence of Indian intentions to test a nuclear weapon or a PNE. The Indians were “leaving their options open.” If they decided to test, however, it would be “impossible” for them to move forward “without revealing some indication of their intentions.”

  • April 01, 1972

    Report by Historical Division, Ministry of External Relations on the Indian Ocean

    History of control of the Indian Ocean and possible status as a nuclear-free zone.

  • April 07, 1972

    State Department cable 59655 to US Embassy United Kingdom, 'Indian Nuclear Intentions'

    The British Government took the same view as the Canadians, seeing no evidence that the Indians had made a decision to do a nuclear test, although they had the “capability.”

  • April 21, 1972

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to C.V. Narasimhan, "US Military Assistance to the ROK"

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on US military assistance to the ROK.

  • April 21, 1972

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to C.V. Narasimhan, "ROK Foreign Minister's Contacts"

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a letter reporting on two meetings in Washington DC between ROK Foreign Minister Kim Yong Shik and US Secretary of State William P. Rogers.

  • April 22, 1972

    State Department Cable 69551 to US Embassy United Kingdom, 'Indian Nuclear Intentions'

    The Canadian embassy had asked the State Department for information on the intelligence reports from earlier in the year that an Indian nuclear test was “imminent.” The State Department denied the request, but informed the Canadians that the reports were so numerous and their “congruity, apparent reliability, and seeming credibility” so striking that it had become necessary to update official thinking about Indian intentions.

  • May 03, 1972

    Memorandum from Holsey G. Handyside, 'Status Report on Proposed Nuclear Safety Talks with the French'

    Holsey G. Handyside reports on a meeting with Christopher J. Makins, First Secretary of the British Embassy. Handyside informs Makins that organizational meetings for the US-French nuclear safety talks were planned for May 4-5. The talks will not include any Restricted Data that the French do not already have. Handyside reiterates that the French are not aware that the British have been informed of the exchange. He also asked Makins for his opinion on why the British government has repeated asked for status updates about the talks.

  • June, 1972

    A. Ross Johnson and Arnold L. Horelick, 'Communist Political Succession'

    This 1972 RAND Report, prepared for the Department of State, describes possible alternative domestic and international “futures” and presents a framework for formation of U.S. policy toward post-Tito Yugoslavia. It includes appendices assessing Yugoslav developments and reviewing the history of U.S.-Yugoslav relations.

  • June 06, 1972

    Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Diplomatic Report No. 367/72, 'Romania, Israel and the Arabs'

    Since the Six-Day War, Romania has been the only communist state in diplomatic relations with Israel.

  • June 16, 1972

    Cable from Holsey G. Handyside to Ronald I. Spiers, 'Guidance on Nuclear Weapons Safety Talks with French'

    Handyside sends guidance for discussions with British diplomat Clive Rose on US nuclear assistance to France. The cable outlines points of discussion and emphasizes the secret nature of these talks as "we do not plan to inform French of fact that we are keeping UK generally informed."

  • June 23, 1972

    State Department Cable 113523 to US Embassy India, 'Japanese Views Regarding Indian Nuclear Plans'

    In response to a request from the State Department, Ryohei Murata, an official at the Japanese embassy, reported that the Japanese government believed that for prestige reasons and as a “warning” to others, the “Indians have decided to go ahead with a nuclear test” which could occur at “any time.” The Thar Desert in Rajasthan would be the test site.

  • June 26, 1972

    US Mission Geneva Cable 2755 to State Department, 'Japanese-Pakistani Conversations Regarding Indian Nuclear Plans'

    Report on conversations between Japanese officials and a Pakistani source who indicated the location of the upcoming Indian nuclear test. The cable expressed doubts about the information, suggesting that the "stir" "may have been created largely on personal basis" by the Pakistani source.

  • June 27, 1972

    US Embassy Tokyo Cable 67912 to State Department, 'Japanese View Regarding Indian Nuclear Plans'

    Cable on a discussion with Japanese Disarmament Division Chief Tanaka, who was uncertain whether India would conduct the nuclear test or not.

  • June 28, 1972

    Cable, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a cable reporting on the second session of UNCURK meeting.

  • June 30, 1972

    Kim Il Sung, 'Let Us Introduce Innovations in Heating'

  • July 01, 1972

    Briefing Book, 'Meeting of Dr. Kissinger and French Minister of State for National Defense'

    The Briefing Book provides guidance for Kissinger's meeting with French Minister of Defense Michel Debré in July 1972. Background and talking points are given for various topics, including US-French ballistic missile cooperation, nuclear safety exchanges, and French military coordination with NATO. The section on ballistic missile assistance gives a list of the specific technical problems France has consulted on to date.

  • July 04, 1972

    Henry Kissinger to President Nixon, 'Proposed NSSM on the Implications of an Indian Nuclear Test,' with cover memorandum from Richard T. Kennedy

    National security assistant Henry Kissinger asks President Nixon to approve a proposal for a national security study memorandum [NSSM] on the implications of an Indian nuclear test for U.S. interests.

  • July 06, 1972

    Memorandum from Helmut Sonnenfeldt to Henry A. Kissinger, 'Your Meeting with Debré: Additional Points'

    Sonnenfeldt briefs Kissinger on additional points for his meeting with French Minister of Defense Michel Debré in July 1972. There is new information about specific technical requests Debré may make for ballistic missile assistance as well as new information about Debré's views on nuclear strategy and cooperation with US and NATO forces.

  • July 11, 1972

    Memorandum for the Record from Helmut Sonnenfeldt, 'Meeting Between French Minister of Defense Michel Debré and Dr. Kissinger, July 7, 1972'

    Summary of Kissinger and French Minister of Defense Debré's meeting on July 7, 1972. They first discussed US-French nuclear cooperation and the recent US technical assistance to the French ballistic missile program. Debré requested information about Soviet missile defenses. The remainder of the conversation was about Mutual and Balanced Force Reduction (MBFR) and related nuclear security issues.