Search in
ADD SEARCH FILTER CANCEL SEARCH FILTER

Digital Archive International History Declassified

SEARCH RESULTS

  • July 26, 1972

    US Embassy India Cable 9293 to State Department, 'Indian Nuclear Intentions'

    The Embassy acknowledged that India had the “technical know-how and possibly materials to develop [a] simple nuclear device within period of months after GOI decision to do so.” Nevertheless, it saw no evidence that a decision had been made to test a device. Moreover, capabilities to deliver nuclear weapons were limited, with no plans in sight to “develop [a] missile launch system.”

  • August 02, 1972

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to C.V. Narasimhan, "Ramifications of the New Korean Item"

    Ozbudun sends a letter to Narasimhan regarding the ramification of the new Korean item, the so-called "Algerian item."

  • August 03, 1972

    Special National Intelligence Estimate SNIE 31-72, 'Indian Nuclear Developments and their Likely Implications'

    Prepared as part of the NSSM 156 policy review, this Special National Intelligence Estimate (SNIE) concluded that the chances of India making a decision to test were “roughly even,” but the post-mortem analysis [see "Why now?," 18 May 1974] argued that based on its own findings, the conclusion ought to have been 60-40 in favor of a decision to test. In its analysis of the pros and cons of testing, the SNIE found that the “strongest factors impelling India to set off a test are: the belief that it would build up [its] international prestige; demonstrate India's importance as an Asian power; overawe its immediate South Asian neighbors; and bring enhanced popularity and public support to the regime which achieved it.” The drafters further noted that a test would be “extremely popular at home, where national pride is riding high” and that supporters of a test believed that it would make the world see India as “one of the world’s principal powers.” The arguments against a test included adverse reactions from foreign governments that provided economic assistance, but the estimate noted that foreign reactions were “becoming less important” to India.

  • August 11, 1972

    Rahya Sabha Q&A on Non-First-Use Policy

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Minister of External Affairs, Shri Surendra Pal Singh, on a report that India opposes the non-first-use policy.

  • August 17, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan reports on the 27th session of the General Assembly and the deadlock on the Red Cross talks, views on the new Korean agenda item, significant statements by ROK officials on the Korean Question, report of UNCURK, reported initiative of Switzerland, remarks by Prime Minister on Korean Question, the text of the statement of the Minister of Foreign Affairs on July 24, 1972, Red Cross talks, the presidential emergency order, and other matters.

  • August 17, 1972

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on Nuclear Propulsion Engines for Ships and Power Generators

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Minister of Atomic Energy, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on the development of nuclear propulsion engines for ships and isotropic power generators for peaceful uses of atomic energy.

  • August 18, 1972

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on American Reports of the Indian Nuclear Program

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Deputy Minister in the Ministry of External Affairs, Shri Surenda Pal Singh, on accusations in the American media that the Indian nuclear program does not comply with IAEA regulations.

  • August 25, 1972

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on India's Emergence as a Nuclear Power

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Deputy Minister in the Ministry of External Affairs, Shri Surendra Pal Singh, on U.N. the UN report on potential nuclear threats.

  • August 28, 1972

    Memorandum from Ronald I Spiers to John N. Irwin II, 'Military Cooperation with France: Outcome of the Debré Visit'

    Discussion of French Minister of Defense Debré's six day visit to the United States in July 1972. The Department of Defense is refusing to share with the Department of State information about technical discussions with Debré's delegation. John Foster, the Director of Defense Research and Engineering, may have promised the French "sensitive strategic weapons technology" which cannot be given to them. The French "wish list" of assistance goes beyond the current restrictions to only help with existing systems, and not to provide the French with any new capabilities.

  • August 28, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on visit with the ROK President Park Chung Hee.

  • August 30, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a letter on guarantee for safety of visiting Red Cross groups by ROK and DPRK authorities, ROK Foreign Minister on unification and the United Nations General Assembly, and press release on UNCURK's report.

  • September 05, 1972

    Telegram from S.K. Arora, Deputy Secretary, on India and the OSA

    Considering proposal that India become a Permanent Observer of the Organization of American States.

  • September 07, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on Korean Red Cross talks, detente and unification, remarks by the ROK Prime Minister, remarks by the ROK Foreign Minister, remarks by the ROK ambassador to the US on ROK troop withdrawal from Vietnam, India's stance on Korean debate, and new commander-in-chief of the UNC.

  • September 13, 1972

    South Africa Department of Foreign Affairs, Letter from South African Consul General in Tel Aviv C.B.H. Fincham to on the Opening of Israeli Diiplomatic Missions in Botswana, Swaziland and Lesotho

    The Consul General of the South African Embassy in Tel Aviv describes a conversation with Lt. Col. Pinchas Gonen regarding the opening of Israeli diplomatic missions in Botswana, Swaziland and Lesotho. Gonen described the job training and military-to-civilian transition programs Israel had assisted in creating in several African countries. They discuss Israeli foreign policy in Africa in general.

  • September 14, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on press release on UNCURK's report, North-South Red Cross talks, prospects for postponement, report on the UNC to the UN, military armistice commission, ROK troop withdrawal from Vietnam, US troop withdrawal from the ROK, and UNGA documentation on Korea.

  • September 19, 1972

    CIA Ends All Involvement with Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty

    A CIA chronology records the end of all financial support to RFE and RL on June 30, 1971, and the end of all supervision and other involvement on March 30, 1972. [Thereafter, funding and oversight were temporarily the responsibility of the Department of State and thereafter until 1995 the responsibility of a new federal body, the Board for International Broadcasting, and subsequently the responsibility of the Broadcasting Board of Governors.]

  • September 21, 1972

    Memorandum of Conversation, 'Indian Nuclear Developments'

    A meeting between British Foreign Office and State Department officials on the Indian nuclear problem occurred the same month that Indian Prime Minister Gandhi approved the “final preparations for a PNE.” Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Christopher T. Van Hollen (the father of the future Maryland Congressman) and his colleagues followed the approach taken by the Special National Intelligence Estimate, which was close to that taken by the British Joint Intelligence Committee. According to country director David Schneider, the “odds were about even” that India would make a decision, but once it was made, India could test very quickly. There was “no firm intelligence” that a “go-ahead signal” to prepare for a test had been made. Schneider reviewed bilateral and multilateral steps, proposed in the NSSM 156 study, that the U.S. and others could take to try to discourage an Indian test and the range of reactions that would be available if India went ahead. A “weak” U.S. reaction, Schneider observed, would suggest that Washington would “acquiesce” if other countries followed India’s example.

  • September 26, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun and Narasimhan exchange telegrams on UN General Assembly's decision to proceed UNCURK's dissolution and UN troop withdrawal from ROK.

  • September 28, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on General Committee vote on Korean items.

  • September 28, 1972

    Telegram 10353 from the American Embassy in Tokyo, 'Mao-Tanaka Meeting'

    Mao had a conversation with Tanaka, carrying numerous stories from food to his childhood.