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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • September 03, 1992

    Cable from Brazilian Embassy in Washington to Foreign Ministry, 'Brazil-USA. Access to advanced technology. MTCR. Interview at the Department of State.'

    This cable reports the meeting between Brazilian diplomat Sergio Amaral, Robert Einhorn, Deputy Assistant for Politico-Military Affairs, and Vahn H. Van Diepen, Director of the Office of Weapons Proliferation. Eihorn made clear during the meeting that space programs such as Brazil’s are a source of concern for the US administration because it could use the same technology developed for the SLV to build ballistic missiles.

  • September 25, 1992

    Cable from Brazilian Foreign Ministry to Embassy in Washington, 'Brazil-USA. COCOM. Strategic trade. Mission from USA. Report.'

    On September 14th-15th 1992, The Brazilian government received the US technical mission on strategic trade. Among the issues discussed during the meeting, the most important was Brazil’s export control legislation for sensitive goods and technologies, which was still to be voted on by the Brazilian Congress at the time.

  • November, 1992

    Defense Intelligence Assessment, US Defense Intelligence Agency, DST-1540Z-509-92-SI, 'Nuclear Proliferation Data Sheets'

    This extract from a collection of DIA reports on national nuclear weapons programs, focuses on North Korea – which is discussed in the both the key judgments section as well as in a chapter which examines several aspects of the North Korean nuclear program. The chapter examines North Korea’s nuclear infrastructure, fuel cycle, the extent of foreign assistance, treaty obligations, the nuclear program and possible future developments, and delivery vehicles.

  • November 18, 1992

    Report of Ukrainian Foreign Minister A. Zlenko to President Kravchuk

    Letter about negotiations with US Ambassador to Ukraine R. Popadiuk regarding security guarantees for Ukraine

  • December 10, 1992

    Draft Joint US-Russia Statement Regarding Security Guarantees/Assurances for Ukraine

    Joint statement by the United States and Russia giving security assurances in recognition of Ukraine's steps toward denuclearization.

  • December 11, 1992

    Memorandum of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine

    In light of the Verkhovna Radas' analysis on Ukrainian accession to the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs clarifies its position on nuclear weapons and assures its allies that it is working towards disarmament.

  • December 19, 1992

    Directive of the President of Ukraine, 'On Measures to Ensure the Implementation of the Nuclear Policy of Ukraine and Elimination of Nuclear Weapons Located on its Territory'

    The directive discusses the procedures through which Ukraine will implement its nuclear policy and eliminate nuclear weapons within its boarders.

  • December 28, 1992

    Letter N-15/44-23403 from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation

    The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine proposes negotiations with the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on eliminatig warheads of strategic missiles from Ukraine.

  • 1993

    Interview with Walt Rostow by Avner Cohen

    Transcript of interview by Avner Cohen with Walt Rostow. Rostow served as national security advisor to US president Johnson. In this interview, Rostow discusses the US perspective on Israeli nuclear capability through the 1960s and 70s.

  • January 08, 1993

    Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine B. I. Tarasiuk, 'Report on the Results of the Ukrainian-American Political Consultations'

    The Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine reports on the success of talks held in Washington between the United States and Ukraine, outlining the areas of discussion and future cooperation.

  • January 26, 1993

    Speech by the Head of Delegation of Ukraine Y. I. Kostenko at the Opening of Negotiations with the Russian Federation on the Elimination of Nuclear Weapons

    At the opening of negotiations with Russia on the elimination of nuclear weapons from Ukraine, Kostenko discusses Ukraine's main concerns: ensuring reliable operation and storage of nuclear warheads in Ukraine until their liquidation, maintaining the Armed Forces of the CIS' control over the operation of Ukraine's nuclear arms, and the recognition that all weapons on Ukrainian territory or removed to Russia after independence belong to Ukraine which will determine how and where to safely dismantle them.

  • February 03, 1993

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, 'Possible Consequences of Alternative Approaches to Implementation of Ukraine’s Nuclear Policy (Analytical Report)'

    The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine issues an analytical report on the possible consequences of alternative approaches by Ukraine in the implementation of nuclear policy.

  • February 08, 1993

    Cable from Brazilian Foreign Ministry to Embassy in Washington, 'Brazil-France. Science and technology. Visit of D. José Israel Vargas. Meeting with Minister Hubert Curien.'

    This cable describes the visit of Brazilian Minister of Science and Technology José Israel Vargas to France. Israel Vargas met his French counterpart Minister of Science and Space Hubert Curien. Israel Vargas asked the French minister about the possibility of a French contribution to the Brazilian space program by transferring technology. Curien answered that this is not possible because the French government respects its international commitments regarding the transfer of sensitive technologies.

  • February 18, 1993

    Statement by Leonid M. Kravchuk, President of Ukraine, at the World Economic Forum, Davos, 30 January 1993: 'How to Prevent the Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons'

  • February 19, 1993

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, 'Additional Information on Possible Consequences of Alternative Approaches to Ukraine’s Nuclear Policy'

    Zlenko provides the Verkhovna Rada with additional information on the possible consequences of alternative approaches to Ukrainian nuclear policy following the Ministry of Foreign Affairs' earlier report, including the capital investments necessary to maintain a nuclear missile complex in Ukraine, the poilitical ramifications of changing Ukraine's status to a nuclear owning country, the extent of security gaurantees to Ukraine from nuclear states, and Ukraine's intent to not violate the NPT.

  • March 03, 1993

    On Comprehensive Solution of a Wide Range of Issues related to the Deployment of Strategic Nuclear Weapons and Tactical Nuclear Warheads on the Territory of Ukraine, Removed in the Spring of 1992 from Ukraine for Dismantlement and Elimination

    This report on the Ukrainian-Russian negotiations on nuclear weapons outlines the position of both Russia and Ukraine.

  • March 24, 1993

    Speech by South African President F.W. De Klerk to a Joint Session of Parliment on Accession to the Non-Proliferation Treaty

    The Permanent Representative of South Africa to the United Nations sends an extract of a speech delivered by South African President F. W. de Klerk announcing developments relating to South Africa’s nuclear capability, the normalization of international relations and accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

  • April 04, 1993

    Cable Ambassador Ricupero to the Brazilian Foreign Ministry, 'Brazil-United States. Alcântara. Visit of Lockheed representative.'

    This report describes the meeting between the Brazilian diplomat Carmen Moura and Lockheed’s representatives Kenneth Fisher and Noel Horn. The main issue discussed at the meeting was the feasibility of the creation of the joint venture between Lockheed, the Russian Kruchinev and the Brazilian group Monteiro Aranha. The venture would utilize American made satellites from Lockheed, satellite launch vehicles from Kruchinev and the Brazilian launching site at Alcântara Launch Center.

  • April 17, 1993

    Cable from Brazilian Ambassador Ricupero to the Brazilian Foreign Ministry, 'Brazil-USA. Sensitive technologies. Non-proliferation. Meeting with the DAS for non-proliferation.'

    On April 1993, Brazilian diplomats met once more with Robert Einhorn, now Deputy Assistant Secretary for Chemical Weapons and Proliferation. Einhorn was mainly concerned with the delay in the approval of the export control legislation in Brazil and wondered if the issue was not losing priority in the Brazilian government’s agenda. He also tried to discourage the development of Brazilian SLV by arguing that it would not be economically advantageous for the country.

  • April 21, 1993

    Minister A.M. Zlenko to Prime Minister of Ukraine L.D. Kuchma

    Zlenko sends the Prime Minister of Ukraine a report on the possible consequences of Ukraine not joining the NPT, particularly the succession of Ukraine of to the obligations of the former USSR to the NPT. The report concludes that Ukraine can either ratify the NPT as a non-nuclear state and adhere to its previously stated intentions on nuclear weapons or not ratify the NPT. It suggests that Ukraine should participate in the NPT along with START-1 and the Lisbon Protocol.