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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 22, 1950

    Record of Talks between I.V. Stalin and Chairman of the Central People's Government of the People’s Republic of China Mao Zedong

    Conversation between Stalin and Mao concerning a proposed treaty of friendship and alliance between the USSR and China. Discussion includes: the prospects of future Japanese aggression, the Chinese-Eastern Railway (Mao and Stalin disagree on who should run its administration), the Port Arthur agreements (including the question of the port of Dalny), and economic cooperation. The economic cooperation focuses on a Soviet credit program for economic development in China, as well as the question of arms shipments to China. There is also discussion of Tibet.

  • January 25, 1950

    Telegram, Mao Zedong to Liu Shaoqi

    Mao reports that they have completed a draft of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance, and Mutual Assistance, as well as an agreement on Lushun, Dalian, and the Chinese Chanchun Railway.

  • January 31, 1950

    Memorandum of Conversation, Charge d’Affaires of the Soviet Embassy with Chinese Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai on 9 December 1949

    Description of a discussion between the Soviet Charge d'Affaires in the PRC and Zhou Enlai, covering Mao Zedong's trip to Moscow and recognition of the PRC by England, Burma, and India.

  • February 01, 1950

    Telegram, Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai to Liu Shaoqi

    Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai offer their greetings to Ho Chi Minh and wish the Viet Minh success in their confrontation with France.

  • February 01, 1950

    Letter to Joseph V. Stalin from Andrey Vyshinsky

    Vyshinsky informs Stalin of Zhou Enlai's suggested amendments to Sino-Soviet agreements and mutual aid.

  • February, 1950

    Sino-Soviet Agreement Protocol

    New Ties regarding the signatures on February 1950 between China and the Soviet Union, on the accordance of the Soviet Union credit with China. Both governments came to an agreement.

  • February, 1950

    Note from Andrey Vyshinsky to Zhou Enlai, February 1950

    Dialogue between Zhou Enlai and Vyshinsky on the currently friendly relations between the Soviet Union and China. References are made to trade as pertinent to the Chinese railways, harbors, and the necessary additions.

  • February 02, 1950

    Top Secret Memorandum from Andrey Vyshinsky to Joseph Stalin

    In a message to Stalin, Vyshinsky describes Soviet negotiations with Zhou Enlai on the Sino-Soviet agreement on alliance and mutual aid.

  • February 03, 1950

    Top Secret Memorandum to Comrade Joseph V. Stalin from Andrey Vyshinsky

    Vyshinsky reports to Stalin on the continuing negotiations of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance, and Mutual Assistance. References are made toward the Feb 2, 1950, a meeting between Russia and Sino officials; and the amendment/modifications made towards preserving relations between the two nations. Placement of Chinese troops in Soviet territory.

  • February 10, 1950

    Telegram, Mao Zedong to Liu Shaoqi

    Mao Zedong offers instructions on how to publicize the new Sino-Soviet treaty.

  • February 10, 1950

    Memorandum to Vyshinsky from Soviet Ambassador to China Nikolai Roshchin

    Following their meeting on 10 February, Soviet Ambassador to China Roshchin reports to Vyshinsky with a list of outstanding questions that Zhou Enlai intends to discuss the next day. These matters include determining how many Soviet technical specialists will be sent to China; settling on the specialists' pay during their time abroad; arranging for a signing ceremony; and other related issues. The letter also references Mao Zedong's scheduled visit to the Soviet Union from 13-16 February, during which he and his delegation intend to visit a collective farm and attend a ballet at the Bolshoi Theater.

  • February 12, 1950

    Telegram, Mao Zedong to Liu Shaoqi

    Mao Zedong issues an internal party announcement on the signing of a new Sino-Soviet treaty.

  • February 12, 1950

    Top Secret Memorandum to Comrade Joseph V. Stalin from Andrey Vyshinsky

    Vyshinsky reports to Stalin on his talks with Zhou Enlai held the previous day. Discussion focused on a number of affairs, including minor Chinese amendments to Molotov's draft of the Sino-Soviet agreement; the prospect of negotiating a bilateral agreement on trade and technical exchange; outstanding issues regarding Soviet specialists in China; settling a date on which to sign the agreement; and other matters.

  • February 12, 1950

    From the Journal of Ambassador Roshchin: Top Secret Memorandum of Conversation of the Ambassador of the USSR in China N.V. Roshchin with Zhou Enlai

    Roshchin, Soviet Ambassador to China, reports on his conversation with Zhou Enlai regarding the territory of Xinjiang; plans to draft an agreement on the transfer of Manchuria from the Soviet Union to the People's Republic of China; and settling the issue of payment for Soviet specialists in China. Zhou Enlai has also asked Roshchin to inform his Soviet counterparts that 14 February would be the most convenient date to sign the Sino-Soviet agreements, as that will allow the media sufficient time to report on the treaty prior to the Chinese new year celebrations beginning on 16 February.

  • February 13, 1950

    From the Journal of Vyshinsky: Top Secret Memorandum of Conversation with Chinese Prime Minister Zhou Enlai

    Vyshinsky reports to Stalin that Zhou Enlai wishes to publish the completed Sino-Soviet agreements. Doing so, Zhou believes, will legitimate the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China in the eyes of the world, particularly the democratic countries. However, because an agreement on publication had not previously been made, Vyshinsky tells Zhou that this is not yet possible. Vyshinsky informs Zhou that he will consult the Soviet government on this matter and report back without delay.

  • February 17, 1950

    Top Secret Memorandum to Comrade Joseph V. Stalin from Andrey Vyshinsky

    Vyshinsky reports to Stalin that Zhou Enlai, having considered the proposed draft of the Sino-Soviet trade agreement, has no objections. However, there remain some discrepancies between the Soviet and Chinese drafts. Vyshinsky describes these inconsistencies in detail and recounts his subsequent negotiations with Zhou.

  • March 05, 1950

    Letter, Molotov to Zhou Enlai

    Molotov thanks Zhou Enlai for the birthday wishes.

  • April 06, 1950

    Letter, Muhammad Amin Bughra, Isa Yusuf Alptekin, and Colonel Adam Sabri to Owen Lattimore

    Exiled in India, Bugrha, Alptekin, and Sabri ask Lattimore for financial and material support. They also praise Dean Acheson's January 1950 Press Club Speech.

  • May 03, 1950

    Cable No. 2220, from Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong

    A message to Mao stating that Mao's requests for aviation equipment, naval equipment and consultants were received and that these requests will be met as soon as possible.

  • May 06, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Wang Jiaxiang

    The Chinese side is anxious for the dispatchment of advisors and ammunition that was requested from the Soviet Union, for use in aviation institute drills and for military campaigns in Dinghai, Jinmen, and Taiwan.