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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 27, 1968

    Cable, UN Secretary-General U Thant to DPRK Foreign Affairs Minister Pak Seong-cheol

    Secretary-General of the United Nations U Thant cables to Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea Pak Seong-cheol that the two Koreas will be allowed to participate in the discussion of the Korean Question provided that they unequivocally accept the competence and authority of the United Nations and they will not have the right to vote on the decision.

  • December 03, 1968

    Letter from Dutch Embassy in Moscow to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korean Overtures'

    The Dutch Ambassador reports on North Korean overtures such as sending propaganda and an invitation to a cocktail-laced viewing of a movie about the USS Pueblo (which was ignored). Having inquired with other NATO countries' representatives it turned out that only the Luxemburg representative received the same literature while only the Norwegian representative was invited to the cocktail party.

  • December 20, 1968

    Letter from Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Embassy in Moscow, 'North Korean Overtures'

    The Ministry informs the Ambassador in Moscow that elsewhere North Korean representatives have made similar overtures, none of which have been responded to in a positive manner.

  • December 21, 1968

    Record of Conversation between N.G. Sudarikov and Ri In-gyu, the Head of the Department of the Foreign Ministry of the DPRK

    Ri In-gyu states that the US has finally agreed to sign a document admitting its guilt over the USS Pueblo incident.

  • December 21, 1968

    Record of Conversation between N.G. Sudarikov and Pak Seong-cheol, a Member of the Political Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea

    Sudarikov informs Pak Seong-cheol that a delegation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, led by Pham Van Dong, visited China and the Soviet Union and asked for assistance in the Vietnam War.

  • December 23, 1968

    Note about a Conversation between Comrade Herrmann and Comrade Putivez, 2nd Secretary of the USSR Embassy, on 9 December 1968 in the USSR Embassy

    Hermann questioned Putiwtz on North Korea's foreign policy, including its relations with other socialist countries, Pakistan, and capitalist coutries while Putiwitz discussed economic cooperation and political relations between the Soviet Union and North Korea.

  • January 02, 1969

    Letter, Korean Affairs Institute President Yongjeung Kim to UN Secretary-General U Thant, Concerning ROK's involvement in the Vietnam War

    Yongjeung Kim of the Korean Affairs Institute writes U Thant. Kim encloses his letter imploring Park Chung Hee to reconsider sending Korean soldiers to Vietnam and reliance on Washington's support for reunification and domestic affairs.

  • January 06, 1969

    First Secretary of the Soviet Embassy in North Korea, 'Korean-Chinese Relations in the Second Half of 1968'

    The document examines Sino-Korean relations by analyzing international relations with US and Japan, describing how the ideology of Mao affects the relationship, and discussing trade relations and military relations.

  • January 10, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korea'

    Reports on a request from Dutch shipbuilding company Verolme N.V. to reconsider the Dutch standpoint regarding the establishment of a (semi-)permanent North Korean representation in the Netherlands to further commercial contacts. Verolme was told there is no reason to reconsider, also given that it was currently able to procure large orders already - two ships were to be delivered to North Korea in September. The American Embassy was confidentially informed of this.

  • January 26, 1969

    Memo from Bulgarian Ambassador in Pyongyang, Misho Nikolov, to Bulgarian Communist Party's Foreign Policy and International Relations Department

    Report by Bulgarian Ambassador to Pyongyang, Misho Nikolov, outlining Pyongyang's requests to discontinue all political recognition, in both imagery and name, of South Korea.

  • January 28, 1969

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A report on the North Korean leaders' statements on South Korean partisan struggles, especially that of Deputy Foreign Minister Kim Jae-bong. Kim addresses the need not to identify the incidents in South Korea with those in South Vietnam.The report emphasizes that such statements are becoming more objective.

  • March 17, 1969

    Record of Conversation between N.G. Sudarikov and Kim Il Sung, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea

    Kim Il Sung discusses an armed clash with Americans in the demilitarized zone and an incident in the Korean-Chinese border. He discusses Sino-Korean relations thoroughly as well.

  • March 24, 1969

    Col. Mieczysław Białek, 'Record of Conversation with RSR Military Attaché Office'

    The Romanian military attaché discusses the Sino-Soviet border conflict and the state of Sino-North Korean relations. The Polish attaché describes Romania as being "under a considerable Chinese influence.

  • March 28, 1969

    Far East Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The Domestic Situation and the Foreign Policy of the Korean People's Democratic Republic'

    The document discusses the DPRK's difficult economic situation and several changes in the political system, such as a new ideology "Juche" and shifts in the high command in parties. It also examines international politics of DPRK with China, Japan, and the Soviet Union.

  • April 11, 1969

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Principal Secretary of the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilition of Korea Zouheir Kuzbari writes to Chef de Cabinet of the United Nations C.V. Narasimhan a letter concerning a vote of no-confidence against Education Minister Oh Byong Kwon and its implications for President Park Chung Hee, the United Nations Command's rejected proposal to North Korea about reducing tensions in the DMZ, and adminsitrative information about the UNCURK Committee.

  • April 14, 1969

    Record of a Conversation with Kim Il Sung, General Secretary of the KWP CC and Chairman of the DPRK Cabinet of Ministers

    Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sought the help of Kim Il Sung in influencing China, which was in a border dispute with the Soviet Union. Requesting that they "exercise political influence on Peking."

  • April 16, 1969

    Record of Conversation between N.G. Sudarikov and Heo Dam, the leader of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of DPRK

    Heo Dam reports on the DPRK's recent shootdown of an American plane which violated North Korean air space.

  • April 16, 1969

    Record of Conversation between N.G. Sudarikov and Pak Seong-cheol, a Member of the Political Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea

    Sudarikov updates Pak Seong-cheol on the US and South Korean reactions following the shootdown of the American airplane. Pak Seong-cheol says that the DPRK should not forgive this imperialistic enemy.

  • April 19, 1969

    Letter, UN Chef de Cabinet C.V. Narasimhan to Mr. Jean Gazarian, Concerning UNCURK Report

    Chef de Cabinet of the United Nations writes to Mr. Jean Gazarian in acknowledgement of his receipt of the 25 August 1968 to 19 April Report of UNCURK and Principal Secretary of the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea Zouheir Kuzbari's letter. Kuzbari's letter concerns the ROK's and UNCURK's reaction to the shooting down of U.S. reconnaissance plane by North Koreans.

  • April 25, 1969

    Deputy Chief of the 1st Main Directorate of the Committee for State Security, 'Concerning Korean-Chinese Relations'

    The document describes several provocations between the DPRK and China in 1968. Kim Il-sung describes it as increasing separation, but will attempt to maintain good relations.