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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 10, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korea'

    Reports on a request from Dutch shipbuilding company Verolme N.V. to reconsider the Dutch standpoint regarding the establishment of a (semi-)permanent North Korean representation in the Netherlands to further commercial contacts. Verolme was told there is no reason to reconsider, also given that it was currently able to procure large orders already - two ships were to be delivered to North Korea in September. The American Embassy was confidentially informed of this.

  • January 26, 1969

    Memo from Bulgarian Ambassador in Pyongyang, Misho Nikolov, to Bulgarian Communist Party's Foreign Policy and International Relations Department

    Report by Bulgarian Ambassador to Pyongyang, Misho Nikolov, outlining Pyongyang's requests to discontinue all political recognition, in both imagery and name, of South Korea.

  • January 28, 1969

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A report on the North Korean leaders' statements on South Korean partisan struggles, especially that of Deputy Foreign Minister Kim Jae-bong. Kim addresses the need not to identify the incidents in South Korea with those in South Vietnam.The report emphasizes that such statements are becoming more objective.

  • March 17, 1969

    Record of Conversation between N.G. Sudarikov and Kim Il Sung, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea

    Kim Il Sung discusses an armed clash with Americans in the demilitarized zone and an incident in the Korean-Chinese border. He discusses Sino-Korean relations thoroughly as well.

  • March 24, 1969

    Col. Mieczysław Białek, 'Record of Conversation with RSR Military Attaché Office'

    The Romanian military attaché discusses the Sino-Soviet border conflict and the state of Sino-North Korean relations. The Polish attaché describes Romania as being "under a considerable Chinese influence.

  • March 28, 1969

    Far East Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The Domestic Situation and the Foreign Policy of the Korean People's Democratic Republic'

    The document discusses the DPRK's difficult economic situation and several changes in the political system, such as a new ideology "Juche" and shifts in the high command in parties. It also examines international politics of DPRK with China, Japan, and the Soviet Union.

  • April 11, 1969

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Principal Secretary of the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilition of Korea Zouheir Kuzbari writes to Chef de Cabinet of the United Nations C.V. Narasimhan a letter concerning a vote of no-confidence against Education Minister Oh Byong Kwon and its implications for President Park Chung Hee, the United Nations Command's rejected proposal to North Korea about reducing tensions in the DMZ, and adminsitrative information about the UNCURK Committee.

  • April 14, 1969

    Record of a Conversation with Kim Il Sung, General Secretary of the KWP CC and Chairman of the DPRK Cabinet of Ministers

    Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sought the help of Kim Il Sung in influencing China, which was in a border dispute with the Soviet Union. Requesting that they "exercise political influence on Peking."

  • April 16, 1969

    Record of Conversation between N.G. Sudarikov and Heo Dam, the leader of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of DPRK

    Heo Dam reports on the DPRK's recent shootdown of an American plane which violated North Korean air space.

  • April 16, 1969

    Record of Conversation between N.G. Sudarikov and Pak Seong-cheol, a Member of the Political Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea

    Sudarikov updates Pak Seong-cheol on the US and South Korean reactions following the shootdown of the American airplane. Pak Seong-cheol says that the DPRK should not forgive this imperialistic enemy.

  • April 19, 1969

    Letter, UN Chef de Cabinet C.V. Narasimhan to Mr. Jean Gazarian, Concerning UNCURK Report

    Chef de Cabinet of the United Nations writes to Mr. Jean Gazarian in acknowledgement of his receipt of the 25 August 1968 to 19 April Report of UNCURK and Principal Secretary of the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea Zouheir Kuzbari's letter. Kuzbari's letter concerns the ROK's and UNCURK's reaction to the shooting down of U.S. reconnaissance plane by North Koreans.

  • April 25, 1969

    Deputy Chief of the 1st Main Directorate of the Committee for State Security, 'Concerning Korean-Chinese Relations'

    The document describes several provocations between the DPRK and China in 1968. Kim Il-sung describes it as increasing separation, but will attempt to maintain good relations.

  • April 28, 1969

    Col. Mieczysław Białek, 'Record of Conversation conducted by Col. Białek with USSR Military Attaché Col. Latishev'

    The Polish and Soviet military attachés in North Korea discuss recent developments. Some generals in the DPRK are being purged or demoted for not sufficiently praising and following the experiences of the anti-Japanese partisan movement.

  • May 09, 1969

    Letter, Ambassador Yong Shik Kim to UN Secretary-General U Thant

    Republic of Korea Ambassador to the United Nations Yong Shik Kim transmits to Secretary-General of the United Nations U Thant the 2 May 1969 ROK memorandum concerning the shooting down of the U.S. reconnaissance plane by North Korea.

  • May 13, 1969

    Record of Meetings on 12 May 1969 by UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari

    Principal Secretary of the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea Zouheir Kuzbari records the meetings between himself and Assistant Secretary-General David B. Vaughan and Republic of Korea Prime Minister Kwon Chung Il, ROK Foreign Minister Hah Choi Kyu, and ROK President Park Chung Hee. The meetings concerned the construction of the new UNCURK Headquarters building and the ROK officials' desire for Secretary-General of the United Nations U Thant to pay a visit to ROK.

  • May 14, 1969

    Note, Secretary-General U Thant to the General Assembly, concerning UNCURK Report

    Secretary-General of the United Nations U Thant transmits the report of the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea in accordance with the General Assembly Resolution 2466 (XXIII) to the General Assembly.

  • May 29, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korean Economic Mission'

    Heldring of the Netherlands Council for Trade Promotion has visited to inquire if the Ministry would object to the Council sponsoring a North Korean trade mission to the Netherlands in June. It did not, but his interlocutor did point out the government's opposition to any permanent trade mission.

  • May 29, 1969

    Letters, Assistant Secretary-General David B. Vaughan to Minister Kyu Hah Choi and Principal Secretary Lee Hu Rak

    Assistant Secretary-General of the Office of General Services David B. Vaughan conveys to Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Korea Kyu Hah Choi and Principal Secretary to the President of the ROK Lee Hu Rak appreciation for their 12 May 1969 meetings, ROK's support of UNCURK and the United Nations Memorial Cemetary, and ROK national development.

  • June 02, 1969

    On New Aspects of Negotiations between North Korea and Japan between January and May 1969 on Issues concerning Koreans Living in Japan

    An overview of the development of North Korean negotiations with Japan about repatriation between January and May 1969.

  • June 09, 1969

    Soviet Embassy in North Korea, 'Concerning Changes in the Views of the Korean Leadership on Questions of the Unity of the Socialist Camp and the International Communist Movement'

    The report states that the DPRK is influenced less by Beijing and has started to contact European socialist countries more. It describes how DPRK is advocating for “absolute independence” as well.