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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 04, 1958

    Anastas Mikoyan’s Recollections of his Trip to China

    Anastas Mikoyan gives a very detailed summary of his trip to China, to secretly hold talks with Mao Zedong. Begins with a summary of his trip, and choice of delegation members, and his living conditions while visiting with Mao. Describes talks with Mao, which covered a large range of topics, including Mao's divergence of opinion on American imperialism as compared to Stalin's, the CCP's lack of influence in China's cities, and Stalin's advice to arrest two Americans, including Sidney Rittenberg, who were "obvious American spies." Mao does not agree, eventually arrests spy suspects, and Mikoyan notes that after Stalin's death, USSR admitted to having no rationale or evidence for the spy allegations.

  • September 05, 1958

    Speech, Mao Zedong at the Fifteenth Meeting of the Supreme State Council (excerpt)

    Mao Zedong speaks about American foreign policy and the tense international situation following the Chinese decision to begin shelling Jinmen Island in the Taiwan Strait.

  • September 08, 1958

    Speech, Mao Zedong at the Fifteenth Meeting of the Supreme State Council (excerpt)

    Mao speaks about the strategy behind the bombardment of nationalist-controlled Jinmen Island in the Taiwan Strait, stating that Taiwan is a "is a steel noose and it ties America’s neck."

  • September 10, 1958

    Telegram, Mao Zedong to Ho Chi Minh

    Mao informs Ho Chi Minh that he should not be concerned by the Chinese bombardment of Jinmen Island, as "the Americans are afraid of fighting a war."

  • September 13, 1958

    Letter, Mao Zedong to Zhou Enlai and Huang Kecheng

    Mao sends instructions about the shelling of Jinmen Island in the Taiwain Strait.

  • September 19, 1958

    Letter, Mao Zedong to Zhou Enlai

    Mao responds to a letter from Zhou Enlai summarizing the Chinese-American ambassadorial meeting in Warsaw September 15 on the Taiwan Strait crisis.

  • October 02, 1958

    Memorandum of Conversation of Mao Zedong with Six Delegates of the Socialist Countries, China, 2 October 1958

    To the other delegates, Mao discusses their shared goal of defeating imperialism, primarily through peaceful methods. He stresses widespread Marxist reeducation of the Chinese people and increased Chinese industrial and agricultural production as means for improvement. Mao also reminds them that socialist nations must be firmly united under the leadership of the Soviet Union to fight colonialism and imperialism, and while the communes are necessary to organize locally, the party remains the core administrative unite of communized peoples.

  • October 05, 1958

    Letter, Mao Zedong to Huang Kecheng and Peng Dehuai

    Mao sends instructions for a temporary cease to the shelling of Jinmen Island.

  • October 06, 1958

    Letter, Mao Zedong to Huang Kecheng and Peng Dehuai

    Mao decides to broadcast a statement to Taiwan about the shelling of Jinmen Island.

  • October 11, 1958

    Telegram, Mao Zedong to Zhou Enlai

    Mao sends instructions to Zhou Enlai, asking him to send information to the Soviets about the number of planes that were short down during air engagements in the Taiwan Strait. He adds that "[the Soviets] should sell ground-to-air missiles to us, and let us control the employment of them."

  • October 31, 1958

    Letter, Mao Zedong to Zhou Enlai, Chen Yi, Huang Kecheng

    Mao sends instructions to halt the shelling of Jinmen Island on even-numbered days, but continue it on odd-numbered days.

  • November 02, 1958

    Letter, Mao Zedong to Zhou Enlai, Chen Yi, Huang Kecheng

    Mao suggests resuming the bombardment of Jinmen Island on November 3, 1958.

  • November 25, 1958

    Mao Zedong, 'The Western World Will Inevitably Split Up'

    Mao comments that the West is moving toward its final disintegration.

  • 1959

    Marginal Note by Mao Zedong on Indian Report on Tibetans in India

    Marginal note written by Mao Zedong, implying that Indian authorities are feigning ignorance of illegal activities perpetrated by Tibetans in India.

  • January 12, 1959

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Summary of Conversation between Chairman Mao and Governor Sampaio of Brazil'

    President Mao Zedong exchanged views with Governor Sampaio on Chinese development, the role of Asia, Africa, and Latin America vis-a-vis the West, and Brazilian foreign policy. Mao also describes his personal studies of the English language.

  • February 18, 1959

    Marginal Note by Mao Zedong on a 'Situation Report'

    Short marginal note written by Mao Zedong, noting that a chaotic Tibet will be useful for the training of troops and for justifying future pacification.

  • February 21, 1959

    Mao Zedong, 'Africa's Task is to Struggle Against Imperialism'

    On February 21, 1959, in a meeting with representatives of the Union of the Populations of Cameroon and of the youths of Guinea, Kenya and Madagascar, Mao Zedong argued that Africa's task is to struggle against imperialism and that the people of various countries should assist and support African people in the struggle for liberation.

  • March 25, 1959

    Mao Zedong's Remarks at the March 25, 1959, Meeting in Shanghai

    Mao Zedong’s comments on agriculture and industry at a Communist Party meeting held in Shanghai.

  • March 26, 1959

    Mao Zedong's Interjections at the March 26, 1959, Meeting in Shanghai

    A key document in scholarly debates about the Great Leap Forward, this file summarizes Mao Zedong’s comments on agriculture and industry at a Communist Party meeting held in Shanghai.

  • March 26, 1959

    The Chairman's Interjections during Comrade Bo Yibo's Report on Industrial Production on March 26

    Another version of Mao Zedong's remarks at a Communist Party meeting held in Shanghai, a key talk in scholarly debates about China's Great Leap Forward.