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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 27, 1988

    Fidel Castro to Rubén [Arnaldo Ochoa] and Polo Cintra Frías, #25397

    General Arnaldo Ochoa was the head of the Cuban Military Mission in Angola; General Polo Cintra Frías was the commander of the Cuban troops in southern Angola.

  • July 11, 1988

    Carlos Aldana to Fidel Castro

    Carlos Aldana headed the Cuban delegation at the 11-13 July 1988, New York meeting between delegations of Angola, Cuba, South Africa and the United States about the future of Angola and Namibia.

  • July 20, 1988

    Agreement between Angola, Cuba and South Africa, 'Principles for a Peaceful Settlement in Southwestern Africa'

    Lays out the conditions for the withdrawal of foreign forces from Namibia, agreed on by Angola, Cuba, and South Africa.

  • July 22, 1988

    Cables Exchanged between Havana and the Cuban Delegation in Cape Verde, 'Reunión de Expertos Militares, Cabo Verde, Julio 22 y 23/1988: cifrados recibidos y enviados'

    Cables exchanged between Havana and the Cuban delegation at the meeting on 22 and 23 July in Cape Verde between South African, Angolan and Cuban officers, and US Department of Defense officials about the withdrawal of the South African troops from Angola.

  • October, 1988

    Meetings between Angola, Cuba, South Africa and the United States, 'Reuniones para lograr una solución al conflicto de la región del suroeste de Africa' #4-8

    Meetings between delegations of Angola, Cuba, South Africa and the United States about the future of Angola and Namibia: Geneva, 2-5 August 1988; Brazzaville, 24-26 August 1988; Brazzaville 7-9 September 1988; Brazzaville 26-29 September 1988; New York, 6-9 October 1988.

  • October 06, 1988

    Meetings between Angola, Cuba, the United States and South Africa, 'Reunión Cuatripartita Angola/Cuba/EEUU/RSA, Nueva York, Octubre 6-9 de 1988'

    Meeting between delegations of Angola, Cuba, South Africa and the United States about the future of Angola and Namibia

  • October 27, 1988

    Memorandum of Conversation between Jorge Risquet and José Eduardo dos Santos

    Jorge Risquet was Castro’s point man for Angola; José Eduardo dos Santos was the president of Angola.

  • October 28, 1988

    Jorge Risquet to Fidel Castro

    Jorge Risquet was Castro’s point man for Angola.

  • October 28, 1988

    Memorandum of Conversation between Jorge Risquet and Alexander Yakovlev

    Jorge Risquet was Castro’s point man for Angola; Alexander Yakovlev was a member of the Soviet Politburo and the Central Committee secretary in charge of foreign relations.

  • November 02, 1988

    Jorge Risquet to Fidel Castro

    Jorge Risquet was Castro’s point man for Angola.

  • December 17, 1988

    Memorandum of Conversation between Fidel Castro and José Eduardo dos Santos

    José Eduardo dos Santos was the president of Angola.

  • 1989

    Defense Intelligence Agency Briefing, 'The 1987-88 Combat in Southern Angola: Lessons Learned'

    Analysis of the military campaign waged in Southern Angola in 1987-88 as well as the lessons learned from this exchange. Document indicates that FAPLA failed to learn from its mistakes, while UNITA adapted much more effectively to the combat environment it faced in Angola. Although FAPLA managed to hold on to Cuito Cuanavale, its large losses led to a Cuban build-up in Southern Angola, which challenged the existing military balance in the region. This provided new impetus to peace negotiations and resulted in the December 1988 Accords among South Africa, Angola and Cuba.

  • January 31, 1989

    Memorandum of Conversation between Jorge Risquet and Alexander Yakovlev on 29 January 1989, enclosed in Risquet to Fidel Castro

    Jorge Risquet was Castro’s point man for Angola; Alexander Yakovlev was a member of the Soviet Politburo and the Central Committee secretary in charge of foreign relations.

  • February 07, 1989

    Record from Protocol No. 147 of the Meeting of the Politburo of the CC CPSU, Supplying Arms to Angola

    In response to requests from the President of Angola, José Eduardo dos Santos, the CC CPSU agrees to supply arms which will be sent from the Soviet Union to the Republic of Cuba, and then provided during the withdrawal of Cuban troops from the People’s Republic of Angola.

  • February 17, 1989

    Report of the Central Committee of the CPSU on the Current Situation in Afghanistan

    A report on the political-line of the USSR, attributing perestroika to the removal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan. The document offers support for solving intra-Afghan conflicts.

  • April 05, 1989

    Record of Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Prime Minister of Great Britain Margaret Thatcher (at the Airport and on the way to the Embassy), London

    M.S. Gorbachev and Margaret Thatcher discuss global geopolitical issues, particularly growing terrorist organizations across Africa.

  • April 09, 1989

    Mount Etjo Declaration, Namibia

    Declaration reaffirming the parties' (those of Angola, Cuba, and South Africa) commitment to a peaceful resolution in Southwest Africa. Also urges the most rapid deployment of the (United Nations Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) possible.

  • April 28, 1989

    Joint Press Statement on Namibia

    Press release describing a tripartite meeting between delegations from Angola, South Africa, and Cuba about troop withdrawal from Namibia. South African and SWAPO forces are restricted to their respective bases.

  • April 28, 1989

    Press Release, SWAPO Dismisses South African Charges of Amassing Troops on Angola-Namibia Border

    SWAPO press release dismissing South African claims of instigation of violence as an attempt to influence the United Nations Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) against SWAPO. SWAPO asserts that South Africa hopes to encourage UNTAG to let South African forces off of their bases so that they can attack SWAPO without reprimand.

  • June 02, 1990

    National Intelligence Daily for Saturday, 2 June 1990

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Saturday, 2 June describes the latest developments in USSR, Liberia, Israel, EC, Angola, Taiwan-China and West Africa.