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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September, 1980

    Transcript of a Meeting between Saddam and His Commanders Regarding the Iran-Iraq War

    This file contains a transcript of a conversation between President Saddam Hussein and top officials in the Iraqi Regime during the Iran-Iraq War. They discussed the Iranian air force and fighter planes, Israeli attempts to strike the Iraqi nuclear plant, and events on the front lines of the war.

  • September 16, 1980

    Saddam Hussein and His Advisers Discussing Iraq's Decision to Go to War with Iran

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein, the National Command and the Revolutionary Command Council discussing the military situation during the Iran-Iraq War, mainly regarding the disputed territory along the Shatt Al-'Arab river.

  • September 27, 1980

    Telegram from the American Embassy in Muscat to the Secretary of State, 'Oman to give Iraq access to facilities for attack on Iran'

    In a telegram to the Secretary of State, Buck discusses the Omani decision to give Iraq access to facilities in order to attack Iran, and suggests that the United States must urge Oman to remain neutral in order to promote regional stability.

  • October 01, 1980

    Telegram from the American Embassy in Muscat to the Secretary of State, 'Discussion with Zawawi on Iraqi access to facilities for attack on Iran'

    Buck reports on a conversation with Zawawi on Oman's decision to support Iraq against Iran in the Iran-Iraq War.

  • October, 1980

    Saddam Hussein and Senior Iraqi Officials Discussing the Conflict with Iran, Iraqi Targets and Plans, a Recent Attack on the Osirak Reactor, and Various Foreign Countries

    This file contains a transcript of a meeting about the Iran-Iraq War held in October 1980 with Saddam Hussein and high Iraqi officials such as the Minister of Defense, the Chief of Staff of the Army, and the Director of Military Intelligence. Contains discussions regarding the status of Iran-Iraq War and current military plans and preparations to resist Iranian raids effectively by air and sea. Includes discussion about several attacks by Israeli fighters on an Iraqi nuclear reactor and discussion of military operations and targets in Iran.

  • October 06, 1980

    Transcripts of Meetings between Saddam and Senior Iraqi Officials Discussing Military Tactics During the War with Iran, Including the Use of Napalm and Cluster Bombs, Tank Maneuvering, and Attacking Oil Refineries

    This file contains meeting minutes dated 6 October 1980 from meetings headed by Saddam Hussein with the top officials of the Iraqi regime and the high ranking officers of the Iraqi Armed Forces, regarding ammunition and military equipment, coordination between the air defense sectors, Iranian air raids, and air force targets in Iran.

  • October 08, 1980

    Letter from Saddam Hussein to Todor Zhivkov on Iraq-Iran War

  • October 21, 1980

    Lieutenant Parche, 'IC "Reza" on the Role of the Political Organizations in the Islamic Republic of Iran'

    Report on the rise of political parties after the fall of the Shah, including many that claim some connection to Islam.

  • October 28, 1980

    Winkelman, 'Information for the Politburo: General Communique of the Central Committee of the Tudeh Party of Iran and the Central Committee of the Iraq Communist Party'

    The Central Committees of the Iraqi Communist Party and Iranian Tudeh Party condemn Iraqi aggression against Iran, support Palestinian rights against what they view as "Zionist aggressors," and criticize American imperialism in the region.

  • November 22, 1980

    Transcript of a Meeting between Saddam Hussein and the Armed Forces General Command

    Saddam Hussein received an update from the Iraqi Armed Forces General Command on the progress of the Iran-Iraq War.

  • 1981

    About the Last Operation/ Operational Mission of Comrade [redacted]

    Description of the work of an East German agent in Iran who worked with the Stasi (MfS).

  • February 12, 1981

    GDR-Iran Exchange of Opinions

    Representatives of the German Democratic Republic and the Islamic Republic of Iran discuss the arms race, the presence of superpowers in Afghanistan, the Persian Gulf, and the Indian Ocean, the Iran-Iraq conflict, and the potential for bilateral cooperation between East Germany and Iran.

  • April 09, 1981

    Special Assistant for NPI, NFAC, CIA, to Resource Management Staff, Office of Program Assessment et al, 'Request for Review of Draft Paper on the Security Dimension of Non-Proliferation'

    Just a few months into President Reagan’s first term his administration wanted to make its own mark on nonproliferation policy. The report suggests building “broader bilateral relationship[s]” and offering political and security incentives could persuade states considering developing nuclear weapons to cease these efforts.

  • April 14, 1981

    Announcement by Hungarian Prime Minister György Lázár on the new Soviet position concerning the shipment of arms to Iraq and Iran at the HSWP Political Committee meeting on 14 April 1981

    György Lázár informs the Political Committee that the Soviet Union intends to lift their embargo on the transportation of military hardware to Iran and Iraq.

  • May 04, 1981

    Information about the Activity of Leftist Organizations in Iran

    Report on leftist groups under attack by the central clerical leadership of Iran and particularly the Tudeh Party.

  • July 07, 1981

    Information [about] Activities of Counterrevolutionary Iranian Forces in Connection with the American and West German Secret Service

  • August 13, 1981

    Activities of Iranian Left Extremist Groups in West Berlin

    A report from a "trusted informal collaborator" claims that Iranian leftist groups will seek to enter East German to protest or attack the embassy of Iran.

  • October, 1981

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and His Senior Advisors Following the Israeli Attack on Osirak

    Saddam Hussein discusses the Israeli air strike against the Iraqi reactor at Osirak, explaining why the attack was expected and his reasons for pursuing nuclear weapons development.

  • October 01, 1981

    Saddam and Senior Iraqi Officials Discussing the Conflict with Iran, Iraqi Targets and Plans, a Recent Attack on the Osirak Reactor, and Various Foreign Countries

    Meeting of top Iraqi officials to discuss the ongoing war with Iran and Israeli air strikes.

  • May 19, 1982

    Memorandum of Conversations between SED General Secretary Erich Honecker and Afghan Leader Babrak Karmal

    Karmal describes threats against the Soviet-backed Afghan government from Pakistan, Iran, the US, China, and Egypt.