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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July, 1982

    National Intelligence Estimate, NIE-4-82, 'Nuclear Proliferation Trends Through 1987'

    With proliferation becoming a “greater threat to US interests over the next five years,” intelligence analysts believed that the “disruptive aspect of the proliferation phenomenon will constitute the greater threat to the United States.” While the estimators saw “low potential” for terrorist acquisition of nuclear weapons, the likelihood of terrorist/extortionist hoaxes was on the upswing. Significant portions of the NIE are excised, especially the estimate of Israel’s nuclear arsenal and its impact in the Middle East. Nevertheless, much information remains on the countries of greatest concern: Iraq and Libya in the Near East, India and Pakistan in South Asia, Brazil and Argentina in Latin America, and the Republic of South Africa, as well as those of lesser concern: Iran, Egypt, Taiwan and the two Koreas.

  • August 26, 1982

    Memorandum, Information for the President, 'Trade Promotion. Brazil-Iraq. Economic-Commercial Relations'

    Memo to President Figueiredo highlighting the 1,000% increase in Brazil-Iraq bilateral trade between 1971 and 1980, but also points to a non-conducive environment for Brazilian companies in Iraq despite their heroic decision to remain there during the war, unlike other foreign companies. Attached to the document we find a draft of a letter from President Figueiredo to his “great and good friend” Saddam Hussein, in which he is seeking Hussein’s solidarity and understanding the necessity to resolve the issues on the bilateral economic agenda.

  • 1983

    The Secret Armenian Army

    Report on the Armenian Secret Army's locations across the Middle East, Europe, and other parts of the globe.

  • February 21, 1983

    Information about Anti-Communist Activities in Iran

    Report and analysis of arrests of Tudeh (People's Party of Iran) leaders and other forms of repression against the Tudeh Party.

  • April 25, 1983

    Information of the Security Agencies of the VRB about Activities of the Iranian Government against the Iranian People’s Party (Tudeh)

    Report attempts to analyze the internal and external factors influencing the arrest and trial of members of the People's Party of Iran (Tudeh).

  • May 01, 1983

    'Iranian Intelligence Service IRNA: "More on Espionage Confession from Leaders of the Tudeh Party"'

    The leader of the Tudeh Party, Noureddin Kianouri, confesses to sharing information with the Soviet Union and using his Party to aid in Soviet espionage.

  • July 04, 1983

    Information by the Soviet Ambassador in Budapest on the situation in Iran

    This bulletin from the Soviet ambassador to Hungary describes Soviet relations with Iran, including tensions relating to Iranian communists and the double containment policy created by Soviet military aid to Iran, as well as Iraq, during the Iran-Iraq War.

  • 1984

    About Iran’s approach against the Tudeh Party

    The Stasi expects harsh sentences for People's Party of Iran (Tudeh) members being tried by the Iranian regime and suggests that the trials will lead to repression of other leftist groups.

  • April 11, 1984

    Letter, Major General Kienberg to Major General Kratsch

    Correspondence requesting Stasi (MfS) support for the Communist Party of Turkey and People's Party of Iran (Tudeh).

  • April 11, 1984

    Memo: Support Measures for the Activity of the Communist Party of Turkey, as well as the Tudeh Party of Iran

    Memo requesting Stasi (MfS) support for the Communist Party of Turkey and People's Party of Iran (Tudeh) through consultations, inspections, and political security investigations.

  • May 17, 1984

    Letter, Colonel Schenk to Major General Kratsch

    Note to Major General Kratsch with a model for a resolution requesting Stasi (MfS) assistance for the Communist Party of Turkey and the Tudeh Party of Iran.

  • 1985

    Saddam Hussein and His Inner Circle Discussing the United Nations, the Soviet Union, and the United States

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and high ranking Iraqi officials regarding the Iran-Iraq war. They discuss the cease-fire negotiations, the UN Security Council, military and diplomatic issues, and Soviet and US Policy in the region.

  • September 11, 1985

    Meeting Between the Ambassador of Iran and the East German Minister for National Defense

    Iranian Ambassador to the GDR Hamed Reza Assefi discusses the nature of the Iran-Iraq War and the East German position in it. East German Minister Hoffman then responds that the GDR's position, though it is to promote peace, is chiefly to resist the NATO arms build-up. The Ambassador also requests military training assistance from Germany.

  • 1986

    Saddam Hussein Discussing 'Irangate' (Iran-Contra) Revelations with His Inner Circle

    In this meeting, Saddam and his advisers discuss the implications of US arms sales to Iran in 1985-1986. They consider the diplomatic and military ramifications of the sales, discuss possible responses, and speculate as to Washington's motives in making these sales.

  • September 23, 1986

    Annual Report of the Situation in the Iran-Iraq War

    In the latter half of 1986, the East German Military Attache in Baghdad reports on how the Iran-Iraq War has progressed and where it is going. During the war so far, Iraq's greatest source of imports has been, by far, from the Soviet Union. However, nations like France and Egypt has also been quite helpful.

  • November 15, 1986

    Saddam Hussein and His Advisers Discussing Reagan's Speech to the Nation on "Irangate" (Iran-Contra) Revelations (Part 2)

    This file contains a transcript of a meeting led by Saddam Hussein on Ronald Reagan's speech regarding US arms sales to Iran. The participants discuss the arms sales and their rationale, the Iran-Iraq War, the Israeli role in US policy, the Iranian intelligence services, and the state of Iraq's relations with other Arab countries.

  • January 21, 1987

    Activities by the Iraqi Embassy to Find Out About Assumed Arms Deals between GDR and Iran

    Information from a source in the Iraqi Embassy on a meeting to discuss the deteriorating relations between Iraq and East Germany. Iraqi officials are suspicious that East Germany is exporting arms or military equipment to Iran, but so far do not have any conclusive evidence.

  • March 01, 1987

    Saddam and His Advisers Discussing the Importance of Morale, Mobilizing Popular Support, and Targeting Iranian Cities

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and other unidentified Iraqi Ba'ath party members. The meeting specifically discussed raising morale and mobilizing popular support--including how to discourage retreats from the front. Also includes discussion of chemical weapons.

  • April 14, 1987

    Letter of General Military Intelligence Directorate about Iranian Use of Chemical Weapons on Iraqi Troops

    This file contains a letter from the Secretariat of the General Military Intelligence (GMID) to the General Command of Armed Forces, dated 14 April 1987, pertaining to Iranian use of chemical weapons on Iraqi troops during an attack on 9 April 1987 and 12 April 1987. Additionally includes information that Iran received special chemical materials for production of mustard and tabun gases from North Korea and manufactured some with the support of North Korean experts.

  • May 22, 1987

    Report of the Hungarian Ambassador in Iran on recent developments of the Iraq-Iran war in 1987

    This report issued by the Hungarian Embassy in Iran describes Iran’s increasing advantage against Iraq in Iran-Iraq War, amidst some domestic opposition to the war, and a continuing controversy over the use of chemical weapons.