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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 23, 1952

    Summary of Conversation between Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai and Indian Commissioner T.N. Kaul

    Zhang Hanfu and K.M. Panikkar discuss the status of Tibet between China and India.

  • July 03, 1952

    State Department Views on Radio Liberty

    Responding to Frank Wisner’s June 2 request ["Office of Policy Coordination Requests State Department Views on Radio Liberty"], the State Department Office of East European Affairs provides Robert Joyce with its views of proposed RL broadcasts, stressing a policy of “self determination for the nationalities when conditions are such as to permit them freely to give expression to their will” [a formulation which would be known as non-predeterminism].

  • July 16, 1952

    Revised Princeton Statement [on American Foreign Policy]

    The Psychological Strategy Board issues a restrained revision of the Princeton Statement adopted at a May 1952 meeting at Princeton on psychological operations [available in the Hoover Archives] convened at the initiative of Free Europe Committee President C.D. Jackson.

  • August 04, 1952

    CIA-Free Europe Committee Memorandum of Understanding

    Allen Dulles records initialing a Memorandum of Understanding with Free Europe Committee (FEC). The Memorandum, also initialed by FEC President Howard B. Miller, outlines procedures for CIA (“Sponsor”) approval of FEC (“Fund”) budget submittals and establishment of a CIA liaison office to handle all FEC contacts except for financial matters and “matters which the Fund desires to take up with the Director of Sponsor [i.e., Dulles] or his immediate Deputies.”

  • September 23, 1952

    Letter, John W. Staggers to Syngman Rhee

    J. W. Staggers reports that they opened negotiations with the Grafe-Callahan Construction Company for increased output of tungsten.

  • September 27, 1952

    Letter from the Embassy of Pakistan to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (No. 4564-F-198/52.)

    The Embassy of Pakistan in Beijing requests information on the deaths of two Pakistani nationals in a Xinjiang prison.

  • 1953

    Rules of Procedures Governing Explanations and Interviews by Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission

    In 1953 the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission was created in order to deal with the repatriation of thousands of prisoners of war. For those POWs who wished to not to repatriate, a series of explanations and interviews were held in order to allow them to choose their side in a neutral setting. This is a list of the general provisions of the commission which clarifies and explains who, how, and where these interviews would be held.

  • January 20, 1953

    Eisenhower's Inaugural Address

    Eisenhower's presidential inaugural address after his election in 1952.

  • January 22, 1953

    Radio Policy Paper

    A CIA memorandum formulates guidelines for RL broadcasts to be conducted by a Coordinating Center of Soviet exiles

  • February 11, 1953

    State Department Views of Radio Liberty Broadcasting

    The State Department comments on the January 22, 1953 CIA paper ["Radio Liberty Editorial Policies Defined"], raising the issue of likely restraints from West Germany when it regains sovereignty.

  • February 18, 1953

    Indian Ambassador to the Soviet Union K. P. S. Menon Interview with Stalin

    Menon and Stalin meet in Moscow to discuss Indo-Soviet relations. The two speak on issues including India's ethnic makeup and prospects for Indian military and economic development.

  • March 06, 1953

    Letter from the Embassy of Pakistan to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (No. 504-F-103/53)

    The Pakistani Embassy in Beijing asks that the local government in Xinjiang provide financial assistance to allow a Pakistani national to return to Pakistan.

  • March 06, 1953

    Letter from the Embassy of Pakistan to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (No. 598-F-198/53)

    The Embassy of Pakistan in China requests support and financial assistance to allow several Pakistani nationals to leave Xinjiang.

  • March 11, 1953

    Memorandum of Discussion at the 136th Meeting of the National Security Council

    The US National Security Council discusses the effect that Stalin’s death had on Soviet policy and on Communist Parties outside of the USSR, as well as the opportunity it provided the US to use Stalin’s death in a psychological strategy to influence the Soviets. The Council also discusses the possibility of negotiations for a settlement with the Soviets in Korea.

  • March 31, 1953

    Letter, John W. Staggers to Syngman Rhee

    John W. Staggers thanked Mr. and Mrs. Syngman Rhee for her Christmant present, and informed Syngman Rhee about his meeting with General Van Fleet.

  • April 30, 1953

    Cable from N. Spencer Barnes to US Department of State Reviewing Developments in the GDR since Stalin’s Death

    Barnes analyzes developments within the GDR following Stalin’s death. Although there was an initial period of confusion within the SED (Socialist Unity Party of Germany), it has been confirmed that Ulbricht is now directing SED and is continuing to implement socialization policy, though perhaps less dramatically than in the past. Barnes suggests that the Soviets may also be striving, to some extent, to decrease zonal tension.

  • May 04, 1953

    Letter, General Duk Shin Choi to General William K. Harrison, Jr. on Civilian Internees

    From April 20 to May 3 1953, Operation Little Switch allowed the exchange of the sick and wounded prisoners of wars between the United Nations, North Korea, and China. In this letter, Major General Choi informs General Harrison that the communist have failed to return hundreds of U.N. POWs because of their broad interpretation of the agreement. General Choi provides a series of steps to improve this agreement but most importantly he urges that the terms “civilian internees” and “displaced person” should be clarified in the Draft Armistice Agreement.

  • May 05, 1953

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to John W. Staggers

    Syngman Rhee writes about his desire to have the Korean Government participate directly in the disposition of relief funds and purchase of aid materials.

  • May 18, 1953

    CIA Criticizes American Committee for Liberation Policies

    Dana Durand, chief of the CIA/DDP SR Division, now responsible for the Radio Liberty project, concludes that efforts to unify the Russian emigration have become counterproductive, that RL broadcasting should be separated from émigré politics, and that AMCOMLIB president Leslie Stevens is too wedded to the old approach to continue in office.

  • May 23, 1953

    Letter by United Nations Commander Mark W. Clark to the Joint Chiefs of Staff on Solving the Prisoner of War Issue

    General Clark relays to the US Joint Chiefs of Staff the terms of the United Nations proposal to repatriate prisoners of war captured during the conflict in Korea. The agreement grants prisoners the right to refuse to be repatriated.