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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 11, 1979

    Minutes of the meeting of the National Directorate of the Socialist Party

    These are the minutes of the meeting of the National Directorate of the Socialist Party. During this meeting the decision was made to accept the deployment and vote for it in the Parliamentary debate, even if the PSI was not part of the government yet. The minutes contain a long presentation by the future Defense Minister, Lelio Lagorio, which explains the strategic rationale behind the deployment. A lively debate follows, during which Craxi and Lagorio steer the Central Committee towards accepting the deployment.

  • December 20, 1979

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note Reserved for Comrade Berlinguer'

    This note from Antonio Rubbi to Enrico Berlinquer is dated December 20, 1979, and regards the invitation of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party to the Italian Communist Party for the PCI Secretary General to visit China.

  • January 17, 1980

    Meeting of the Central Committee of the Italian Socialist Party

    During a meeting of the Central Committee of the Socialist Party, Bettino Craxi presents his point of view on the tense international situation.

  • March 21, 1980

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note for Comrade Berlinguer'

    A cover letter dated March 21, 1980, from Antonio Rubbi relaying the notes of a PCI delegation to Beijing from March 11 to 13, 1980

  • March 21, 1980

    Developments in the Situation in Italy and the PCI's Policy

    Bullet points of the Italian Communists presentation to the Chinese given on March 11, 1980, on the internal and international situation.

  • March 21, 1980

    Notes from the Meeting with Feng Xuan, Member of the Central Committee and Deputy Minister of the International Liaison Department of the CC (Peking, 3 November 1980)

    On March 11, 1980, Feng introduces the internal situation of the CCP and the reason for the anticipation of the XII Congress, the return of the Secretariat with Hu Yaobang in it, and the rehabilitation of Liu Shaoqi.

  • April 11, 1980

    The People's Republic of China from the Third Plenary Session (18-22 December 1978) to the Fourth Plenary Session (25-28 September 1979) of the Central Committee (XI) of the CCP

    This document drafted by the Ambassador Francisci in Beijing on April 11th was received by the PCI on April 14th 1980. It, is an account of the 3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CCP (December 18-22, 1978), the 2nd Plenary Session of the 5th People’s National Assembly (June 18-July 1, 1979) and of the National Assembly of the 5th People’s National Assembly (June 15-July 2, 1979) and 4th Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the CCP (September 25-28, 1979). In the conclusion the Ambassador Francisci drafts an interesting analysis of the anti-Dengist and pro-Dengist social groups within China.

  • April 22, 1980

    Annex 4/C: Last of Meeting of 22 April at 4:30pm: Hu Yaobang's Questions and Berlinguer's Answers

    Hu Yaobang asks about PCI relations with USA; PCI relations with French Socialists; and Hu's proposal to use the PCI to send Mitterrand a message and an invitation to China.

  • April 22, 1980

    Annex 4/B: Meeting of 22 April 1980: Hu Yaobang's Answers to the Questions of Pajetta

    Hu Yaobang answers to Pajetta's questions on: Lin Biao and the Gang of Four; their influence on foreign policy in 1966-1967 and in 1974; the recognition of Pinochet government in Chile

  • May 05, 1980

    Annex 5: Proposals for the Development of Relations between the Two Parties

    The PCI proposes a set of option for future cooperation and Hu Yaobang accepts them all: a CCP delegation to Italy; continuous dialogue between PCI and CCP via the correspondent of Unita in Beijing and Chinese Ambassador in Rome; etc.

  • May 05, 1980

    Annex 9: Conversation at the Peking Airport, 25 April 1980

    Berlinguer explains that they cannot invite the French Socialist on behalf of the CCP as the French Communist might get offended. Hu Yaobang said that the CCP was not ready to normalize relations with the French Communists as they were not independent enough yet.

  • May 05, 1980

    Reports on the Meetings of the PCI Delegation with the CCP Delegation and with Hua Guofeng and Deng Xiaoping (Peking, 15-22 April 1980): Chronicle of Stay and Meetings between Delegations

    This document includes a program of the meetings between PCI and CCP held in Beijing from April 15 to 22 1980 and a series of annexes with a collection of minutes from the meetings of the PCI delegation with the CCP delegation and with Hua Guofeng and Deng Xiaoping.

  • May 05, 1980

    Annex 4/A: Last Meeting of 22 April at 4:30pm: Questions and Considerations of Pajetta

    Talks between Hu Yaobang, Berlinguer and Pajetta. Pajetta presents a series of questions to the Chinese and give a brief talk stressing respect for the Chinese comrades decisions.

  • May 05, 1980

    Annex 8: L'Unita, 'New Stage in Relations between the CCP and the PCI' (26 November 1980)

  • May 05, 1980

    Annex 7: Interview with Deng Xiaoping, 17 April 1980 (Summary Report)

    Deng and Berlinguer talk about the strategy of Indira Gandhi and the policy of the Soviet Union in South Asia.

  • May 05, 1980

    Annex 5: Proposals for the Development of Relations between the Two Parties

    Hua talks about the bilateral misunderstanding of the past. Hhe stressed the importance of his visit to Yugoslavia and Tito's role in improving the relationship with the PCI. He also touches upon the situation in Afghanistan.

  • May 06, 1980

    Meeting of the Leadership on 6 May 1980: Information on the PCI Delegation's Visit to China and to Korea

    This document is a report of the minutes of the meeting of the PCI leadership on May 6, 1980. The agenda included the report on the trip to China and Korea of the PCI delegation.

  • May 19, 1980

    Letter, Enrico Berlinguer to Hu Yaobang

    This document dated May 19, 1980, is the draft version of a letter to Hu Yaobang in which Enrico Berlinguer thanks the Secretary General for the hospitality received during his visit to China.

  • May 19, 1980

    Letter, Enrico Berlinguer to Hu Yaobang

    This document dated May 19, 1980, is the final version of a letter to Hu Yaobang in which Enrico Berlinguer thanks the Secretary General of the Central Committee of the CCP for the hospitality received during his visit to China.

  • October 11, 1980

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Vincenzo Tornetta to Ministry of Foreign Affairs Colombo, 'US strategic doctrine's update and consequences for the defense of Europe'

    Report from the Italian permanent representative to NATO Tornetta to Foreign Minister Colombo regarding the new directive of President Carter (PD-59) on the use of strategic nuclear systems. According to Tornetta PD-59 represents a significant change in the balance between the superpowers and the allied defense posture in Europe.