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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 24, 1985

    Letter of the Minister for the Coordination of Scientific and Technological Research Luigi Granelli to Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    Minister Granelli writes to Andreotti to express his concerns over the French and German hastiness in coming to an agreement over EUREKA. Granelli lists minimum conditions that need to be met to ensure launching the project without running the risk of negative political and economic consequences.

  • October 24, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Legal status of the Sigonella base'

    This short memo discusses the legal framework around the use of Sigonella airbase during the Achille Lauro incident concluding that the landing had not been granted the required authorization by Italians.

  • October 29, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Eureka - "Declaration of principles" about Eureka. Comments'

    The Italian assessment of the draft "Declaration of Principles" on EUREKA, which will be submitted to the Ministerial Conference in Hanover. This document outlines the Italian position pointing out various weaknesses in the current draft and proposes necessary changes.

  • November 05, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the General Director, 'IEPG (European Independent Planning Group) and CNAD (Conference of Nationals Directors of Armaments) of NATO'

    Analysis about the state of transatlantic relations with a focus on transatlantic dialogue and technology transfer. The document strongly criticizes a hegemonic approach of the US administration in its relationship with Europe.

  • December 09, 1985

    Letter by Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti to West German Minister of Foreign Affaris Genscher

    Foreign Minister of Italy, Giulio Andreotti wishes to exchange views with his German counterpart Genscher about the research phase of the SDI project, to try and find common ground before continuing talks with the United States on the subject of industrial cooperation in SDI research.

  • December 12, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'FNI negotiations - Assessments of the American negotiator, Ambassador Glitman'

    A brief report by US Ambassador Glitman regarding the INF negotiations with the USSR. There is an increased willingness to negotiate, and the parties have come closer in some aspects, but major differences still persist.

  • December 12, 1985

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'East-West relations'

    This document analyzes East-West relations following the December 1985 meeting between Gorbachev and Reagan in Geneva. It discusses the new and more open foreign policy line of the Soviet Union, and underlines the important role of bilateral and multilateral diplomacy under the complex circumstances.

  • December 15, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Geneva negotiations - New Soviet proposals'

    The document describes the propositions put forth by Soviet negotiators during the Geneva talks, and offers a preliminary analysis of the positive and the negative implications. The developments are not sufficient to expect an accord in the short term, but show a promising move away from "a dialogue of the deaf".

  • February 26, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NATO Secretary General's visit in Rome (26th-28th February 1986) - Analysis of the prospects of Geneva negotiations and of the negotiations about disarmament'

    A comprehensive analysis of the Soviet position in the upcoming disarmament negotiations regarding SDI, FNI, MBFR, and chemical weapons. Overall, there seems to be increased willingness on the Soviet side to free up economic resources from military sector.

  • February 26, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NATO Secretary General's visit in Rome (26th-28th February 1986). Security and disarmament'

    This document summarizes Ambassador Nitze's speech on the issue of security and disarmament, and provides a rather detailed description of current U.S. position vis-à-vis the USSR in the field of disarmament and global security.

  • February 26, 1986

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'State of the Atlantic Alliance'

    Analysis of the state of Atlantic Alliance in the global security landscape shows political cohesion internally, and a firm position in the security sphere. NATO also appears open to dialogue with the Eastern block, but remains aware of the centrality of European security.

  • May 26, 1986

    Letter from President Reagan to Prime Minister Bettino Craxi

    Unofficial translation of correspondence between PM Craxi and President Reagan regarding strategic arms limitations and deterrence. Reagan outlines the planned US measures given lack of effort and willingness by the USSR to arrive to a binding agreement.

  • May 27, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    This brief note points to a disagreement between the United States and Italy in regards to use of military bases that needs to be further discussed.

  • May 28, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Libya'

    The document describes the state of economic and trade relations between Italy and Libya focusing on acquisitions of crude oil. A short section also discusses American interests in Libya.

  • May 28, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Reagan's letter to the Prime Minister about issues related to SALT II (dated 26th May 1986)'

    Analysis by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding Reagan's (May 26, 1986) letter to PM Craxi. It discusses intended American responses to Soviet violation of SALT II treaty, and calls for consultations with NATO member states.

  • May 31, 1986

    Telegram by the Italian Embassy in Ottawa to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ''Ministerial Atlantic Council in Halifax - East West relationship / Problems related to SALT II'

    Telegram from Italian Ambassador to Canada to the Foreign Ministry recounting the motives behind president Reagan's decision to abandon the SALT II treaty, as provided by Secretary of State George P. Schultz at at the Atlantic Council of Ministers.

  • May 31, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Libya'

    Brief note about the current position of Italy vis-a-vis Libya. Although state-supported terrorism in Libya should be fought, it is important to avoid escalating the antagonistic sentiments and pushing Libya to align with the USSR.

  • August 05, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Consequences of US-Libya conflict'

    A comprehensive analysis of the possible consequences of U.S. airstrikes in Libya in the short- , medium-, and long-term. Key themes include the impact on inter-allied relations, reaction from Arab countries, terrorism, and superpower relations.

  • August 05, 1986

    Memorandum of Conversation between Craxi and Armacost

    Diplomatic advisor Antonio Badini's report from the meeting between Craxi and Armacost regarding international terrorism, situation in Libya and Syria, and deterioration of East-West relations.

  • October 13, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'East-West relations'

    The document analyzes the state of East-West relations in the aftermath of the Reykjavik Summit. There appears to be an openness to continuing dialogue by both sides, but many unknowns still persist regarding Europe and the Middle East.