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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 17, 1950

    Top Secret Memorandum to Comrade Joseph V. Stalin from Andrey Vyshinsky

    Vyshinsky reports to Stalin that Zhou Enlai, having considered the proposed draft of the Sino-Soviet trade agreement, has no objections. However, there remain some discrepancies between the Soviet and Chinese drafts. Vyshinsky describes these inconsistencies in detail and recounts his subsequent negotiations with Zhou.

  • March 18, 1950

    Message, Stalin to Kim Il Sung (via Shtykov)

    Stalin informs Kim Il Sung of the decision to approve of North Korean request of arms, equipment and specialist requests, per his March 4 message.

  • April, 1950

    Record of a Conversation of Cde. Stalin with Kim Il Sung and Pak Heon-yeong

    Kim Il Sung and Stalin discuss the North Korean economy and Soviet-North Korean cooperation.

  • April 24, 1950

    Notes from L.A. Leont’ev's April 1950 Meeting with Stalin, Regarding Political Economy Textbook

    Stalin voices his displeaure over the political economy textbook. He urges the authors to study Marx in greater depth, yet to also make the text simple. Stalin stresses the importance of the Soviet Union having a political economy textbook.

  • May 03, 1950

    Cable No. 2220, from Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong

    A message to Mao stating that Mao's requests for aviation equipment, naval equipment and consultants were received and that these requests will be met as soon as possible.

  • May 14, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Roshchin to Cde. Filippov [Stalin]

    Soviet Ambassador to China N.V. Roschin relays a Chinese assessment of the armed forces in North Korea and South Korea and the possibility of China and North Korea signing a treaty of friendship, alliance, and mutual aid.

  • May 14, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 8600, Vyshinsky to Mao Zedong

    The cable contains Stalin’s personal response to Mao's 13 May telegram. Using the code-name “Filippov,” Stalin confirms his agreement with the North Korean proposal to “move toward reunification,” contingent on Beijing’s agreement.

  • May 16, 1950

    Telegram, Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong via the Soviet ambassador

    Stalin notifies Mao Zedong that he believes the signing of a treaty pact between China and North Korea should only come after Korean reunification.

  • May 30, 1950

    Stalin’s Meeting about Political Economy textbook, 30 May 1950

    Meeting about Political economy. Discussions on political economy and book pending publication.

  • May 31, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 9849, Gromyko to the Soviet Ambassador, Pyongyang

    Gromyko reports Stalin's approval of Kim Il Sung's request for the prompt delivery of medical supplies to North Korea.

  • July 01, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 34691 from Feng Xi [Stalin] to Soviet Ambassador in Pyongyang Shtykov

    Reply from Stalin to Shtykov's telegram of July 1, 1950. Requests additional information on KPA plans and reaction to American internvention. Informs of intent to meet requests by Kim Il Sung for additional war materiel.

  • July 05, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 3172, Stalin to Zhou Enlai via Roshchin

    A telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai with regards to India's mediation in the PRC's entry into the UN, Chinese troop movements in preparation for a possible Southern/Allied counterattack, and Soviet planes flying over Manchuria.

  • July 05, 1950

    Telegram from Flippov to Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai

    Stalin informs Mao Zedong that Chinese armed forces should be stationed on the border with North Korea as a precaution against enemy forces crossing the 38th parallel.

  • July 06, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 35678 from Feng Xi [Stalin] to Shtykov

    Stalin approves of sending North Korea arms through China.

  • July 08, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 3231, Filippov (Stalin) to Soviet Ambassador Roshchin

    Telegram from Stalin to Beijing advising that they send a representative to Korea.

  • July 08, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 36275 from Feng Xi [Stalin] to the Soviet Ambassador in Pyongyang

    Stalin sharply reprimands Ambassador Shtykovfor promising Soviet advisors to the North Koreans without permission.

  • July 13, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 37219 from Feng Xi [Stalin] to Shtykov

    Telegram from Stalin to North Korea advising that they reply to UN Secretary General Trygve Lie's concerns for treatment of POW's through a radio broadcast by a POW saying that prisoners are being treated well by the KPA.

  • July 13, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai or Mao Zedong (via Roshchin)

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao and Zhou Enlai detailing his response to the English protest concerning "the Korean question." Also, a request for confirmation of Chinese troop movements to the Sino-Korea border, in case of a repulse of North Korean forces. Finally, a confirmation of the plans to train Chinese pilots on Soviet jets, to be followed by the transfer of the jets to Chinese possession.

  • July 13, 1950

    Cable No. 3355, Filippov [Stalin] to the Soviet Ambassador, Peking

    Stalin tells Mao that the British have been pressuring the Soviets to help for the North Koreans to withdraw to the 38th peril, and the Soviets are offended by this, and to want to insist on Soviet and PRC participation in the Security Council to resolve the issue. He also informs Mao of his willingness to send more planes, and more pilots to help train Chinese forces.

  • July 14, 1950

    Letter from Kim Il Sung to Soviet Government

    Kim Il Sung concurs with Stalin’s disapproval of the English appeal to remove the People's Army from the 38th parallel and considers the Korea question should be taken to UNSC.