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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 20, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'Additional Information Received from Tabriz'

    Telegram to top Soviet officials discussing Iranian troop operations against Azerbaijani partisans, both of which are asking the Soviets for assistance. States that orders have been given for Soviet forces to act against Iranian ones only under extreme necessity.

  • November 21, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'The Situation in Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Telegram to top Soviet officials that describes the opening of the Azerbaijani National Assembly in Tabriz. Also notes that Azerbaijani partisans are now on the defensive, having overcome most of the landowners and gendarmerie units in the area. Indicates that partisans have begun to rely partially on Soviet support.

  • November 21, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'The Situation in Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Telegram to top Soviet officials describing strikes made by Azerbaijani partisans against Iranian gendarmerie and popular rallies throughout Iranian Azerbaijan.

  • November 22, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'Information about Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Report sent to top Soviet officials declaring that all civic institutions are functioning normally under the partisans, and that the partisans are now attempting to peacefully overcome the remaining gendarmerie elements. Notes that they are also preparing for eventual retaliation from the Iranian government.

  • November 23, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, M.D. Bagriov and I.I. Maslennikov to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, Beria, and Malenkov

    Message sent to top Soviet officials reporting that Iranian troops had advanced on Tabriz and were waiting for reinforcements to engage the Azerbaijani partisans. Also notes that complications may arise as a result of General Derakhshani's institution of martial law in Tabriz.

  • November 24, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, M.D. Bagriov and I.I. Maslennikov to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, Beria, and Malenkov

    Message sent to top Soviet officials regarding recent hostilities between Azerbaijani partisans and Iranian gendarmerie, but assuring officials that the situation in Iranian Azerbaijan is peaceful and under control. Notes that General Darakhshami is in need of reinforcements. Also describes the procedure undertaken disseminate the appeal and declaration of the Azerbaijani Founding Congress.

  • November 26, 1945

    Cable No. 825/826 from Petrov in Chongqing on Anti-Soviet Campaign in Manchuria

    Petrov reports on the anti-Soviet mood in Northeast China and elsewhere around the country.

  • November 26, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, M.D. Bagriov and I.I. Maslennikov to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, Beria, and MalenkovTelegram from Baku to Moscow, M.D. Bagriov and I.I. Maslennikov to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, Beria, and Malenkov

    Message sent to top Soviet officials, describing hostilities between Azerbaijani partisans and Iranian gendarmerie, which the partisans attempt to resolve peacefully but must sometimes resort to violence. Notes the "reactionary" rumors of chaos and violence being spread about the new state, but asserts that few believe these once visiting partisan-controlled cities.

  • November 27, 1945

    Cable No. 832 from Petrov in Chongqing on Anti-Soviet Campaign in Manchuria

    A Soviet diplomat describes "anti-Soviet" feeling in China.

  • November 28, 1945

    Beria’s Cover Memo to Stalin on Niels Bohr

    Memo to Stalin discussing Beria’s efforts to obtain information from physicist Niels Bohr about development of the atomic bomb.

  • November 28, 1945

    The Interrogation of Niels Bohr

    At the end of October 1945 two NDVD employees of the “S” Department for atomic intelligence activities were sent to Denmark to establish contact and speak with Niels Bohr. They managed to meet Bohr at his institute twice, on 14 and 16 November 1945, and obtained answers to 22 questions on constructing a nuclear reactor and the atomic bomb.

  • December, 1945

    Kurchatov’s Evaluation of Niels Bohr's Questioning

    Evaluation by the scientific director of the Soviet nuclear project, Igor Kurchatov, of the interview with Niels Bohr.

  • January 01, 1946

    Deciphered Telegram No. 2140/4, from Kozlov to Filippov [Stalin]

    Report distributed among top Soviet officials, describing an independence movement in Gilan province. Expresses doubt and concern over the extant to which this movement can be controlled by the existing Azerbaijani partisan command.

  • January 25, 1946

    Handwritten notes by Igor V. Kurchatov, Director of the Soviet Nuclear Program, on a Meeting with Stalin, Beria and Molotov

    Excerpts from Igor V. Kurchatov's handwritten notes from a conversation with Stalin on the secret Soviet nuclear project, accompanied by Beria and Foreign Minister V.M. Molotov, at the Kremlin on the evening of 25 January 1946.

  • January 25, 1946

    Notes on the discussion between I.V. Kurchatov, lead scientist for the Soviet nuclear effort, and Stalin

    Kurchatov's notes on his meeting with Stalin, Molotov and Beria. Stalin promises the all necessary help to the soviet effort to build an atomic bomb. He suggests that the project should be build on "a Russian scale," without concerns for cost saving.

  • February 09, 1946

    Speech Delivered by Stalin at a Meeting of Voters of the Stalin Electoral District, Moscow

    English translation of Stalin's 1946 "election" speech.

  • February 19, 1946

    Memorandum of Conversation of the Soviet Ambassador to China A.A. Petrov with the Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs Wang Shijie

    Soviet Ambassaodr Petrov reports on a conversation with the Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Shijie. Shijie raises concerns about disputes between the Soviet and Chinese administration over the withdrawl of Soviet troops from the region and the control of property seized from the Japanese during the war. Petrov also raises the issue of Anti-Soviet demonstrations and propaganda in China.

  • February 22, 1946

    George Kennan's 'Long Telegram'

    Ambassador George F. Kennan writes to the Secretary of State with a lengthy analysis of Soviet policy in an attempt to explain their recent uncooperative behavior. This message would later become famous as the "long telegram."

  • March 05, 1946

    Churchhill's "Iron Curtain" Speech, "Sinews of Peace"

    Text of speech given by Churchill at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri in which he first used the phrase "iron curtain."

  • April 02, 1946

    Protocol No. 18 of a Meeting of the Special Committee under the Council of Ministers of the USSR (Excerpt)

    Special dossier containing a resolution to send a Soviet geological prospecting party to survey North Korea for beryllium.