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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 11, 1980

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Vincenzo Tornetta to Ministry of Foreign Affairs Colombo, 'US strategic doctrine's update and consequences for the defense of Europe'

    Report from the Italian permanent representative to NATO Tornetta to Foreign Minister Colombo regarding the new directive of President Carter (PD-59) on the use of strategic nuclear systems. According to Tornetta PD-59 represents a significant change in the balance between the superpowers and the allied defense posture in Europe.

  • October 15, 1980

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Vincenzo Tornetta to Minister of Foreign Affairs Colombo: Atlantic Council - Consultations about security in view of the CSCE meeting to be held in Madrid"

    Report from the Italian permanent representative to NATO, Tornetta, from the CSCE meeting in Madrid discusses the French proposal for a Conference on Disarmament (CDE) in Europe, and the negative impact of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan on the international climate, even giving rise to disagreement among NATO members.

  • July 12, 1981

    Delegation of the Chinese Communist Party, 3-12 July 1981

    A cover sheet for a series of documents concerning meetings between the PCI and the CCP in July 1981.

  • July 12, 1981

    Report 5: Delegation of the Chinese Communist Party, 3-12 July 1981: Farewell Talks, Sunday 12 July at 18.00

    A list of future exchange between the PCI and the CCP

  • July 12, 1981

    Annex B: Delegation of the Chinese Communist Party, 3-12 July 1981: Meeting with the Lombardy Regional Committee, Monday 6 July at 18.30

    Peng Chong asks questions on the situation of the PCI in Lombardy

  • July 12, 1981

    Report 4: Delegation of the Chinese Communist Party, 3-12 July 1981: Meeting with Comrades Giorgio Napolitano and Angelo Oliva, Saturday 11 July at 10.00

    Peng Chong speaks on the reasons of Chinese intervention in Vietnam on 1979

  • July 12, 1981

    Report 2: Delegation of the Chinese Communist Party, 3-12 July 1981: Second Meeting of the Two Delegations, Saturday 4 July at 9.00

    Chiaromonte introduces domestic and international situation; Peng Chong asks about the meeting with the French Communists. Berlinguer makes a speech.

  • July 12, 1981

    Report 1: Delegation of the Chinese Communist Party, 3-12 July 1981: First Meeting of the Two Delegations, Friday 3 July at 16.00

    Feng Chen exposes the outcome of the 6th Plenum of CC of the CCP elected at the 11th Congress concerning the approval of the document on the history of the CCP.

  • July 12, 1981

    Report 3: Delegation of the Chinese Communist Party, 3-12 July 1981: Third Meeting of the Two Delegations, Saturday 11 July at 17.00

    Chiaromonte and Peng Chong discuss on the internal situation in China after the 6th Plenum; on URSS and Afghanistan; Cambodia; European missiles; on China and Soviet Union. Berlinguer comments on the resolution of the 6th Plenum and appreciate it.

  • July 16, 1981

    Gerardo Chiaromonte, 'Note on the Meetings with the Delegation of the CCP'

    A cover sheet for a series of documents concerning meetings between the PCI and the CCP in July 1981.

  • October 27, 1981

    Antonio Rubnbi, 'Note for Comrades: Berlinguer, Pajetta, Bufalini, and the Secretariat'

    Introduced by a cover letter signed by Antonio Rubbi and dated October 27, 1981, this document is a note from Siegmund Ginzberg during his visit to China.

  • November 29, 1981

    Letter, Enrico Berlinguer to Hu Yaobang

    This document dated November 29, 1981 is the final version of a letter from Enrico Berlinguer to Hu Yaobang, President of the Chinese Communist Party, in which he invites his Chinese counterpart to contribute to finding a solution to the situation that has developed in Central and Latin America, especially with regard to US interference in these countries.

  • February 15, 1983

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Tornetta to Minster of Foreign Affairs Colombo, 'Perspectives about Atlantic defense for the 1980s'

    Italy's pemanent representative to NATO, Vincenzo Tornetta, reports to foreign minister Colombo about the prospects of NATO's 1980s defence strategy. He offers an overview of the developments of the Alliance, and discusses topical questions including euromissiles and anti-war movements in Europe, and calls for increased openness and willingness to negotiate with the East.

  • April 29, 1983

    MAE DAP Memo on INF and START

    MAE DAP memo on prospective US-USSR INF and START negotiations, Soviet position and objectives, role of Europe in promoting an intermediate solution for INF. The paper addresses also the issue of the deployment in Western Europe of Pershing II and Cruise missiles, and discusses consultation in Atlantic Council with amb. E. Rowny on European role question in START talks.

  • May 17, 1983

    MAE DAP Memo on INF

    MAE DAP memo on resumption of negotiations on INF. Observations on Allied negotiating position regarding an intermediate solution. Discussion of the Soviet position (press conference by Foreign Minister Gromyko, statements by Secretary-General PCUS Andropov): The paper also discusses the issue of French and British national nuclear deterrents, deployment of Euro-missiles and Soviet SS-20, comments Allied countries and perspectives on the negotiations.

  • October, 1983

    Evolution of the deployment of Soviet intermediate missiles

    An exhaustive memo on the deployment of the Soviet Intermediate Nuclear Forces from 1977 to 1983.

  • October, 1983

    Memorandum comparing the Soviet Intermediate Nuclear Forces and the Anglo – French forces capable of reaching the Soviet Union.

    A comparison between the Soviet Intermediate Nuclear Forces and the Anglo – French system capable of reaching the Soviet Union. The memo uses data to demonstrate that the Soviet INF outnumbered by far NATO nuclear forces.

  • October, 1983

    Memorandum on Geneva INF negotiations and East-West dialogue, with particular focus on Italian-Soviet relations.

    A memo about the relationship between Italy and the Soviet Union during the Geneva negotiations. It suggests some steps that Italy should undertake to keep alive the East-West dialogue and to preserve Italian economic interests.

  • October 28, 1983

    Memorandum on the Ottawa meeting of NATO's Nuclear Planning Group

    Some reflections on the outcome of the NATO Nuclear Planning Group meeting in Ottawa. The Italian government praised the NATO resolution to keep the INF at a minimum level of deterrence, while critiquing the Soviet refusal to compromise.

  • November, 1983

    Translation of a letter from Nicolae Ceausescu to West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl about Euromissiles

    A letter from Romanian President Nicolae Ceausescu to Helmut Kohl. Ceausescu makes some suggestions to ease the Geneva negotiations: the Warsaw Pact could accept “not taking into account the UK and French missiles”: the German government could “postpone the deployment [of the Intermediate missiles] to the end of 1984 or the beginning of 1985”; or the NATO and the Warsaw Pact countries should organize a conference “to discuss the issue of the Intermediate Range Missiles”.