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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 10, 1985

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note for Comrades: Natta and Pajetta'

    Introduced by a cover letter by Antonio Rubbi dated April 10, 1985, this document is a letter from Siegmund Ginzberg dated March 30, 1985 updating the PCI on the situation in China. The topics covered include a conversation with Hu Yaobang, Natta’s visit, Australia, Vietnam and Cambodia, relations with the USSR, the economy, change in the CCP and the Japanese Communist Party.

  • May 15, 1985

    Czechoslovak Translation of Soviet Report on the Sixth Round of Soviet-Chinese Consultations in Moscow

    This report on Soviet-Chinese consultations in Moscow includes Soviet proposals to improve the relationship with China, including the establishment of a military expert commission on border questions. However, the Chinese delegation insists that the Soviet Union cease supporting Mongolia, Afghanistan, Vietnam, and Cambodia. The author concludes that mutual cooperation has not been substantially improved as a result of the consultations.

  • July 16, 1985

    Report by International Olympic Committee Vice President on his Trip to North Korea

    A report from IOC Vice President Kumar regarding his trip to North Korea. He addresses attempts to ease tensions between North Korea and South Korea over the staging of the 1988 Summer Olympics and to determine if the two countries would be able to work together on the event.

  • August 08, 1985

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note for Comrades: Natta, Pajetta, Bufalini, Gianotti, and the Secretariat'

    Introduced by a cover letter by Antonio Rubbi dated August 8, 1985, this document is a report from the delegation of PCI activists who visited China from July 10 to August 1, 1985. The topics covered include the new course of Chinese economic policy, the international implications of this new course, and internal issues of CCP. In particular, the delegation points out that there was a gap” between the level of the Chinese representatives they met who were high-ranking officials and the “quality” of the information received.

  • August 27, 1985

    Speech Excerpt from Meeting of CC PUWP Departments on the Current State of Sino-Polish relations.

    Head of the CC PUWP International Department made the concluding statement, outlined in the document below. The general theme is that there should not be a race with other socialist countries to normalize relations with China, and that Poland should remain focused on building economic ties.

  • September, 1985

    Central Intelligence Agency, Directorate of Intelligence, 'Argentina: Seeking Nuclear Independence: An Intelligence Assessment'

    According to the 1985 report, the Argentines “have achieved at least a proof of principle of uranium enrichment via gaseous diffusion.” In other words, they had a workable system. Nevertheless, the enrichment plant would not be “fully operational until 1987-1988.” While the assessment of Argentine interest in nuclear weapons did not change, CIA analysts asserted that “Argentina continues to develop the necessary facilities and capabilities that could support a nuclear weapons development effort.”

  • September, 1985

    Memorandum, US National Intelligence Council, NIC M 85-10001, 'The Dynamics of Nuclear Proliferation: Balance of Incentives and Constraints'

    The most recent CREST release included this analysis of “The Dynamics of Nuclear Proliferation: Balance of Incentives and Constraints.” The analyst sought to explain why “no additional overt proliferation of nuclear weapons has actually occurred” since the Chinese nuclear test, India had not weaponized while Israel and South Africa had not “taken any action to signal overt possession of nuclear weapons.”

  • September 19, 1985

    Letter from the National Olympic Committee President of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) to the International Olympic Committee President

    A letter from the Chinese Olympic Committee to IOC President Samaranch urging the IOC to accede to North Korean demands that part of the 1988 Summer Olympics be held in the North.

  • September 30, 1985

    Note from the International Olympic Committee President to the National Olympic Committee President of China, People’s Republic of (PRC)

    A letter from the IOC President Samaranch to the President of the Chinese Olympic Committee confirming receipt of a previous letter and thanking him for his advice and support.

  • September 30, 1985

    Letter, 'Re: Information Related to China'

    Report on a Hungarian delegations meeting with the deputy chairman of the Chinese State Planning Commission on China's on-going economic reforms and relations with Hungary.

  • October 23, 1985

    Ciphered Telegram No. 306, Embassy of Hungary in India to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Short report on arguments being made in India to gain support from the Soviet Union for the Indian nuclear program. India would like to gain international prestige similar to China.

  • October 24, 1985

    Telegram, Argentine Embassy in Brasilia, Brazil and China Deny Charges of Nuclear Proliferation

    Telegram from the Argentine Embassy in Brasilia reports on US Senator Alan Cranston’s claim that China was proliferating nuclear technology to countries like Argentina, Brazil, Iran, Pakistan, and South Africa. The telegram reports that both Brazil’s Foreign Ministry and China’s Embassy in Brasilia denied the charges. Part of the telegram is hand-highlighted , where a Brazilian diplomat says that the only deal between China and Brazil was the one signed by President Figueiredo during his visit to Beijing in 1984.

  • December 07, 1985

    Defense Intelligence Agency cable to [excised location], 'Pakistan-China: Nuclear Weapons Production and Testing'

    A State Department telegram discussing the possible Chinese-Pakistani nuclear assistance and reports that Pakistan had acquired a nuclear weapon in October of 1985.

  • 1986

    Draft Versions of Article 4 of Soviet-Chinese Border Security Negotiations

    This working document shows four different working drafts of negotiations of Article 4, which related to reduction of armed forces at the Sino-Soviet border.

  • January 08, 1986

    Czechoslovak Translation of the Soviet Summary of Conversations Between Mikhail Gorbachev and Li Peng in Moscow

    This report summarizes the consultations between Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and his Chinese counterpart Li Peng in December 1985 with a focus on divergent positions towards international problems. Li Peng declines to pursue a common policy with the Soviet Union and demands that the Soviet Union cease its interference in Afghanistan, as well as a Vietnamese troop withdrawal from Cambodia.

  • February 12, 1986

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note Reserved for Comrades: Natta / Pajetta'

    Introduced by a cover letter by Antonio Rubbi dated February 12, 1986, this report from Siegmund Ginzberg dated February 6, 1986 is centered on relations between China and the USSR. In particular, the Chinese lament a lack of progress and accuse the Soviets of presenting the situation much rosier than it actually is.

  • March 07, 1986

    International Olympic Committee Meeting with the DPRK delegation regarding the Details of holding the 1988 Olympic Games in Pyongyang

    Notes on a meeting between IOC President Samaranch (with IOC VP Siperco) and members of the North Korean Olympic Committee. Topics discussed included sports events to be held in Pyongyang, the name to be given to the 1988 Summer Games, the organization of games in Pyongyang, and a joint North-South Korea team.

  • June 25, 1986

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note for Comrades: Natta, Napolitano, Pajetta, Bufalini, and the Secretariat'

    Introduced by a cover letter by Antonio Rubbi dated June 25, 1986, this document is a report on the meeting between Raffaello De Brasi and Hu Yaobang. The issues covered include the Chinese internal situation, Chinese relations with the USSR and other socialist countries and in particular disarmament, and relations between China and the West.

  • September 05, 1986

    Theses for the talks of First Secretary Wojciech Jaruzelski with Deng Xiaoping

    Key points are provided for several major topics considered likely to be addressed during the talks of Deng Xiaoping and Wojciech Jaruzelski. Most notable are comments about the direction of Polish foreign policy and the Polish views of Chinese foreign policy.

  • September 09, 1986

    Zdzislaw Kucharski, 'Note regarding the Establishment of the China Studies Institute in Warsaw'

    The author proposes an institute in Poland which would study contemporary China, due to the rising importance of China on the international arena. Proposed departments would include: ideological and political analysis; economic analysis; sociology and culture; documentation and library.