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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 31, 1989

    Bulgarian Politburo Decision on Appointment of New Bulgarian Ambassador to China

    This document records a decision of the Politburo of the Bulgarian Communist Party to appoint Philip Markov as the new Bulgarian ambassador to China.

  • June 01, 1989

    Telegram No. 048 629 from the Czechoslovak Embassy, Beijing

    Saul reports that Zhao Ziyang has been effectively removed from office.

  • June 01, 1989

    Telegram No. 048 626 from the Czechoslovak Embassy, Beijing

    The Czechoslovak Ambassador in Beijing reports on the latest meetings with Chinese officials and the activities of demonstrators at Tiananmen Square.

  • June 02, 1989

    Telegram No. 048 725 from the Czechoslovak Embassy, Beijing

    Saul describes the economic situation in China in the context of the Tiananmen Square protest movement.

  • June 02, 1989

    Telegram No. 048 727 from the Czechoslovak Embassy, Beijing

    Saul indicates that the Chinese military will be called upon to clear Tiananmen Square.

  • June 02, 1989

    Telegram No. 048 724 from the Czechoslovak Embassy, Beijing

    Saul describes divisions amongst the demonstrators at Tiananmen Square.

  • June 03, 1989

    Information Note from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Information Note from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the situation in Tiananmen Square and the return of students to classes

  • June 03, 1989

    Information Note from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Information from the Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the measures to be taken by the Chinese government as a result of the Tiananmen Square crisis and the possible direction in which China will move as a result

  • June 04, 1989

    Information Note from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 03:30 am

    Information Note from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the routing of demonstrators from Tiananmen Square

  • June 04, 1989

    Telegram from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 03:15 am

    Telegram from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the increased mobilization of tanks, armored trucks and paratroopers to clear the protest in Tiananmen Square, with the reported number of deaths and injuries

  • June 04, 1989

    Telegram from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 03:00 am

    Telegram from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the events in Beijing as troops attempted to reach Tiananmen Square to end the protest

  • June 04, 1989

    Telegram from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 04:15 am

    Telegram from Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the return of several PRC officials who had been absent for a number of weeks

  • June 04, 1989

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 05:45 am

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the arrival of 25,000 soldies to Tiananmen Square and the removal of students from the Square

  • June 05, 1989

    Telegram No. 048 821 from the Czechoslovak Embassy, Beijing

    Saul reports on the aftermath of the Tiananmen Square crackdown.

  • June 07, 1989

    Information Note of Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Note from the Romanian Embassy in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the situation in Beijing in the aftermath of Tiananmen Square and the institution of restrictive measures under the rubric of martial law

  • June 09, 1989

    Untitled report from Mieczysław Dedo, Polish Ambassador to the DPRK, concerning North Korea’s attitude towards Tiananmen Square protests

    According to Polish reports from Pyongyang, the North Korean leadership interpreteted the Tiananmen Square protests in Beijing in relation to lack of monolitic unity among the Chinese leadership and China's reform policies.

  • June 10, 1989

    Secret Instructions by State Security (MfS) Chief Erich Mielke to Heads of all State Security Units

    In response to Western reports about the Tiananmen Square protests, Chief Erich Mielke alerts State Security to suppress all offensive anti-Chinese activity and propaganda in the GDR.

  • July 14, 1989

    Letter to Cde. Erich Honecker from Cde. Schabowski on a Meeting with Jiang Zemin

    Jiang Zemin describes the Tian'anmen Square Incident, stating that the "counterrevolutionary revolt had deep roots" and that the People's Liberation Army suffered casualties during the protests.

  • July 15, 1989

    Excerpts from the Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Rajiv Gandhi

    Gorbachev and Gandhi discuss the Tiananmen Square Incident in China and the ongoing turmoil within the Chinese Communist Party, including the fate of Zhao Ziyang.

  • July 29, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Saturday, 29 July 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 29 July 1989 describes the latest developments in Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Honduras, Cambodia, the Soviet Union, China, Chile, Sri Lanka, India, and Panama.